Quiz: The Ultimate Allergy Medication Quiz: HowStuffWorks
The Ultimate Allergy Medication Quiz
4 Min Quiz
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About This Quiz
There is relief for that nagging runny nose and annoying nasal congestion due to allergies. There are several allergy medication options, including antihistamines, decongestants, intranasal anticholinergics, intranasal corticosteriods and cromolyn sodium, to name a few. Take this quiz and learn about all of your medication options for treating allergy symptoms.
When should you take antihistamine medication?
Antihistamine medication works best if it is taken prior to exposure to allergens. Antihistamines work well for treating runny nose, sneezing and itchiness.
Traditionally, what was a common side effect of antihistamine medication?
Tradition, or first-generation, antihistamine medication caused drowsiness. More recently, however, over-the-counter antihistamine medication has become available, such as Claritin, which does not cause drowsiness.
What is an advantage of second-generation antihistamine medication?
Second-generation antihistamine medication, also known as nonsedating antihistamines, are less likely to cause problems with eye pressure. Eye pressure problems can become serious, leading to vision problems related to glaucoma.
How often do you need to take second-generation antihistamine medication?
Second-generation antihistamine medications have time-released capsules. Therefore, this medication only needs to be taken once or twice a day. First-generation antihistamines need to be taken every four to six hours.
What are intranasal anticholinergics?
This medication, used to treat runny nose typically due to allergies, is a prescription nasal spray. Intranasal anticholinergics prevent mucus secretions.
How do eye drops help relieve irritated eyes due to allergies?
Eye drops coat the mucous membranes of the eyes, which helps the eyes retain moisture and protects them from irritants due to allergies.
What is cromolyn sodium?
Cromolyn sodium is a nonsteroidal nasal solution that prevents nasal allergy symptoms. Its an anti-inflammatory drug that prevents histamine release from nasal cells and helps with preventing sneezing, runny nose and nasal congestion due to allergies.
When should you take cromolyn sodium?
You need to take cromolyn sodium prior to and during exposure to allergens. Try not to miss a dose, as its effectiveness will decrease. You can also only take cromolyn sodium up to six times per day.
What are the possible side effects of cromolyn sodium?
Cromolyn sodium is generally safe for daily use. Some possible side effects of cromolyn sodium, however, include: headaches, sneezing, nasal irritation, coughing, wheezing, dizziness, nausea, body aches and drowsiness.
What causes nasal congestion due to allergies?
Your body attempts to trap allergens by increasing the blood in the lining of the nose, this causes nasal inflammation and swelling, which leads to nasal congestion. An increase in nasal mucous also further increases nasal congestion.
When should you take decongestant medication to treat congestion due to allergies?
Unlike antihistamines, you can take decongestants before or during exposure to allergens to relieve your stuffed nose.
What is a disadvantage of nasal decongestants?
You cannot take nasal decongestants for more than a few days. Nasal decongestants are habit forming and can cause an irritated, stuffy nose if taken long-term.
Who should not take oral decongestants?
If you have heart problems, diabetes or high blood pressure, you should not take oral decongestants, as this medication can make your previous health condition(s) worse. Women who are nursing and people who are taking beta-blockers should also avoid using oral decongestants.
How does decongestant medication work?
Decongestants do several things to help with sinus congestion, including: narrowing of blood vessels, reducing blood flow to mucous membranes and helping open the nasal cavity and sinuses.
What are the side effects of decongestant medication?
Due to overstimulation of the brain, decongestant medication can cause sleep problems and nervousness, which tends to resolve over time. Decongestants can also increase blood pressure and contribute to heart problems.
What are the symptoms of nasal rebound effect?
If you take nasal decongestants for too long you may suffer from nasal rebound effect, also known as chemical rhinitis or rhinitis medicamentosa. Overuse of nasal decongestants can cause the blood vessels in your nose to swell, which leads to a stuffy nose.
Which medication can interact with oral decongestants?
Consult your doctor before you start taking oral decongestants if you are already taking antibiotics, antidepressants, blood pressure or heart medication, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications can make the side effects of decongestants worse.
What should you avoid drinking while taking oral decongestants?
You should avoid all drinks and food that contain caffeine. Oral decongestants stimulate the brain, therefore, you should avoid other substances that are also stimulants, including “pep” pills.
What are intranasal corticosteroids?
Intranasal corticosteriods are a powerful and potent medication for nasal related allergies, available by prescription only in the form of nasal spray or drops. It prevents nasal allergies by blocking inflammation.
You must take intranasal corticosteroids for several days before you start to see any relief from nasal allergy symptoms. Intranasal corticosteroids are very effective in treating nasal allergy symptoms.
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