The Ultimate Animal Domestication Quiz
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Image: iStockphoto.com/Andy Nowack
About This Quiz
Animals have been domesticated for centuries, some species longer than others, for a variety of purposes. Scientists constantly research this fascinating field. Take this quiz and be fascinated by their findings.
Long, long ago, how did human beings make use of animals?
In those days, animals were seen only in terms of their food value. Over time, this changed.
In the process of domestication, an animal species evolves to become accustomed to:
living on farms as working animals
living among and interacting with people
Through domestication, animals become accustomed to living among and interacting with people. This would include being house pets and living on farms.
What do animal abolitionists believe?
that animals should be abolished (killed)
that captive (domesticated) animals should be freed
that all animals should be domesticated
Animal abolitionists, such as Ingrid Newkirk of PETA, believe that domesticated animals should not be kept in captivity.
Which animals are likely to survive in the process of natural selection?
those with traits that help them survive and breed
those that are the biggest
those with survival genes
According to evolutionary theory, animals that endure evolve with traits that help it to survive and breed.
How does artificial selection determine a particular trait in an animal?
It doesn't. What artificial selection does do is artificially regenerate new species and clone genes.
An animal is selected and artificially inseminated with a certain trait.
It is determined artificially by means of human efforts to breed certain animals together.
Under the process of artificial selection, animals are bred to have the desired traits, such as breeding large horses together to artificially create a pedigree of large horses.
What criteria would be necessary for animal domestication?
anything that is appropriate for that kind of animal; they can all be domesticated with patience and effort
certain traits, such as cloven hooves or powerful beaks
the right diet and a friendly disposition
There are a number of criteria, such as the right diet and a friendly disposition. Other criteria include a fast growth rate and easy breeding.
Why do you never see domesticated pandas or zebras?
because they're too violent
because no one has ever tried
because they're few and far between
These animals are too violent to be domesticated.
According to archeological research, civilizations that _____ wielded more power and were able to spread their culture.
freed their captive animals
domesticated their animals
lived without reliance on animals
It seems that those civilizations that domesticated their animals had greater power and succeeded in spreading their culture and language (more than those that did not domesticate).
Scientists believe that a domesticated species changes over time. What reason do they give for this?
The species forgets its natural instincts/patterns of behavior and must relearn them in unfamiliar environments.
The species no longer needs the same intelligence or sharp level of hearing/sight.
What was good for the wild is not needed in the domesticated environment. The species no longer needs the intelligence or sharp senses that were necessary for survival in the wild.
What scientific evidence points to the gray wolf as the antecedent of the modern-day dog?
DNA evidence points to this with little room for doubt.
Popular theory suggests that wolves were tamable due to the fact that they:
lived in leader-guided packs, so humans took the place of the "highest ranking wolf"
were intelligent, hard-working creatures
had protective fur, thick skin and the ability to withstand cold temperatures
Since they lived in packs led by a head wolf, they were tamable because humans took on this role and they obediently followed.
How were dogs treated in ancient Egypt?
with disdain and repulsion
as revered, sometimes pampered, pets
They were revered pets, sometimes even pampered to the extent that they wore jeweled collars.
One theory about how cats became domesticated suggests a trade-off of sorts. What trade-off?
They would be devoted pets in exchange for their loss of freedom.
They would purr and mew adoringly in exchange for petting and pampering.
They would keep rodents at bay in exchange for food and shelter.
The trade-off involved their keeping rodents under control while receiving food and shelter in exchange. This helped overcome their aversion to domestication.
Why, according to scientific theory, did cats not take to domestication as well as dogs?
because they were taken into homes, far from the wild outdoors, and couldn't adapt
because they are independent creatures, without a social hierarchy
because they don't breed as easily in captivity
Cats, by nature, live independently of a social system. Therefore, humans didn't replace any first order as they did with dogs, which live in packs and follow a leader.
What traits traditionally made the goat a common livestock animal?
Its small size means it needs small housing facilities and little food.
It is agile, intelligent and obedient.
It's not a picky eater and it can provide meat, milk and clothing material.
Firstly, the goat will eat almost anything, even in dry, infertile areas. Secondly, it offers meat, milk and clothing materials.
In what way was the domestication of oxen at least as significant as the invention of the wheel?
Oxen had the ability to pull heavy loads on the wheels.
Oxen needed little maintenance and this was a breakthrough in animal domestication.
It definitely wasn't! The invention of the wheel was by far, the more significant.
Without the oxen's ability to pull heavy loads, the wheels couldn't be used to their potential.
What made camels suited to domestication as transportation animals in desert regions?
They could walk long distances at a good pace in hot weather.
They could carry heavy loads and do with little water.
They could gallop across sand dune surfaces without kicking up much sand.
Camels could haul heavy loads over distances without much need for water.
How long ago were horses domesticated?
more than 1,000 years ago
more than 3,000 years ago
more than 5,000 years ago
Evidence on horse manure remains indicates that they were domesticated about 5,600 years ago.
Which came first: chicken/rooster domestication for entertainment purposes or for food purposes?
neither; both purposes were enjoyed simultaneously
Chicken and rooster domestication was initially for entertainment purposes in the form of cockfighting. Later on, their food value (in the form of egg production) was recognized.
In what country was the hamster first domesticated?
Japan (1840) when a family of hamsters was caught
Syria (1930) when a family of hamsters was caught
Nepal (1950) when a family of hamsters was caught
Apparently, a family of hamsters was caught in Syria in 1930. It was then that hamsters were recognized for their scientific research value.
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