Animal Facts 101

By: Monica Lee

Animal Facts 101
Image: Pixabay

About This Quiz

The animal kingdom is huge, and there are so many wild and crazy things to learn about all the different creatures that inhabit the earth. You probably already know the various classifications: mammals, reptiles, birds, fish, and amphibians. But within each class, there are so many mind-boggling facts and attributes. 

For instance, the mammal called a rhinoceros has a horn made out of hair, not bone. You'll even find out that an amphibian-like a frog can be hypnotized, and how to do it. And the same trick can also be used to hypnotize a reptile like an alligator or lizard. Yes, there are so many peculiar characteristics about each species. The list goes on and on.

Plus, you'll be quizzed about animals that come right out of your nightmares. Like the Japanese spider crab which has the largest leg span of any arthropod, reaching up to 12 feet. Just think about it; you can be in another room, and the claws can still reach you! And the biggest bat in the world has a head that looks like a small fox... let's just say you don't want this creature in your attic. You'll even learn where the sexy shrimp gets its name. Need we say more? The animal kingdom awaits. 


Which of these is a mammal?
Horse
A horse is a mammal, which is a warm-blooded animal with a vertebrae that also has hair or fur, nurses their young, and has a live birth (not from eggs).
Turtle
Raven
Goldfish

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What's the largest beast that roams the land?
Elephant
At up to 25 feet in length, just over 10 feet high at the shoulder, and weighing 13,000 pounds, the male adult African Bush elephant has no natural predators due to its great size. However, calves (especially the newborns) can be easy dinners for lion and crocodiles.
Hippopotamus
Black bear
Horse

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Which of these is a reptile?
A) Snakes
B) Eagles
C) Crocodiles
D) A & C
Reptiles are cold-blooded animals with dry scaly skin and they are vertebrates. They typically lay soft-shelled eggs on land. Snakes, lizards, and crocodiles are all reptiles.

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What about the water, what's the largest creature there?
Blue whale
The blue whale is the largest animal of all time, reaching a weight of about 198 U.S. tons and almost 100 feet in length. Its tongue alone weighs almost 6,000 pounds!
Walrus
Penguin
Whale shark

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Do you recall what an amphibian is? Which one is it?
Dog
Frog
Amphibians are cold-blooded animals that include frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders. They are unique in that at the larval stage they are able to breathe in water (with gills) then they switch to lung-breathing on land in their adult stage.
Eagle
Camel

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How fast can a cheetah run?
25 mph
35 mph
55 mph
70 mph
You can talk about cheetahs the way you talk about cars. Cheetahs can go from 0 to 60 mph in just 3.4 seconds and reach a top speed between 60 and 70 miles per hour. However, most people don't know they can only maintain that speed for 20 to 30 seconds.

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Which one of these is a bird?
Parrot
Hummingbird
Pigeon
All of the above
A bird is a warm-blooded, egg-laying animal with a vertebrae. Birds are unique in that they have feathers, wings, and a beak and (typically) are able to fly.

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If a rhino is coming at you at full speed, how fast is it going?
15 mph
20 mph
25 mph
40 mph
Rhinos can run up to 30-40 miles per hour, which may not sound like much, but it will feel like you're being chased by a Mack Truck. Although a rhino's skin looks like it's thick and callused, it is soft and is sensitive to sunburns and insect bites.

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What's the tallest land animal?
Elephant
Giraffe
It's not surprising that a giraffe's neck accounts for nearly half of the animal's height. It can be over 6 feet in length. Along with the long legs and body, a giraffe walks tall at 16 to 20 feet.
Moose
Ostrich

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Snakes fall into what animal class?
Birds
Fish
Reptiles
Scaly skin? Check. No larval stage? Check. Cold-blooded? Check. Mostly egg laying? Check. Yes the snake checks out to be a reptile.
All of the above

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The elephant just eats grasses, but pound for pound, what's the biggest carnivore in the world?
Jaguar
The southern elephant seal
Any meat-eating animal is a carnivore, and the southern elephant seal, weighing in at approximately 5,000 to 9,000 pounds, keeps his plump size by eating squid and fish. The male is up to six times bigger than the female.
Alligator
Otter

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Which of these would you classify as a fish?
Bluegill
Angelfish
Trout
All of the above
Our oceans and rivers are teeming with 20,000 different species of fish. Fish lay eggs and are limbless, cold-blooded creatures that sport gills, fins and live only in water.

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Choose the mammal in this group. Which one is it?
Crocodile
Cardinal
Camel
Whether it sports one hump or two, the camel is quite an unusual mammal. The hump consists of stored fat which the camel can draw on when food and water are scarce.
Trout

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Which of these are the smallest of the sea creatures?
Gold fish
Sexy shrimp
Small and sexy, this shrimp can grow to be half the size of your pinky finger or 1-¼ inches. These shrimp wiggle their abdomen back and forth in a suggestive manner. Plus, they are beautiful, with an orange-colored body decorated with white polka dots.
Guppy
Catfish

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Another small question for you. Which of these sea creatures is the smallest?
Mantis shrimp
Perch
Cod
Pygmy seahorse
This is one of the smallest seahorse species and grows to be no bigger than an inch. Young pygmy seahorses are so tiny that they are virtually invisible since they are camouflaged to match their surroundings.

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Which of these have wings?
A. Fish
B. Mammals
C. Birds
D. B & C
Bats are the only mammals that have wings like birds. And although there are flying fish, they don't actually have wings; they just glide on their fins from their self-propelled leaps out of the water.

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You'll find this small winged creature on land; which one of them is the smallest?
Parrot
Bee hummingbird
The bee hummingbird is the smallest bird and the smallest warm-blooded vertebrate. At a smidge over 2 inches, its eggs are the size of navy beans!
Finch
Sparrow

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Penguins can't fly, but are they still birds?
Yes
Penguins are categorized as birds even though they can't fly. They have all the classification requirements of birds including having feathers, laying eggs, and being warm-blooded.
No

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It swims, so how would you classify a shark?
Fish
Although a shark is a fish, it's different from most fish. For instance, most other fish have skeletons made of bone, whereas a shark's skeleton is made of cartilage. Most fish are covered in smooth, flat scales. A shark is covered in sharp, tooth-like scales called denticles.
Mammal
Reptile
Bird

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This is one tiny mammal, and it flies, too. Which one is it?
Kitti’s hog-nosed bat
Kitti’s hog-nosed bat is about the same size as a bumblebee, approximately 1 to 1-1/2 inches in length. It has a distinctive pig-like snout and eats flies and spiders.
Pygmy marmoset
Flying squirrels
Peregrine falcon

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Which one of these bears do you have to look out for on land?
Polar bear
Kodiak bear
Grizzly bear
All of them!
These are meat-eating bears, and you should watch out for all of them. Though Kodiak bears and grizzly bears are part of the same species of brown bear, they are different enough to constitute two subspecies.

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What is the largest reptile in the world?
Cobra
Saltwater crocodile
Although a Galápagos tortoise is big at 5 feet in length and up to 550 pounds, the saltwater crocodile is more than three times its size at 13 to 20 feet long and weighing in at 2,200 pounds!
Galápagos tortoise
Rattlesnake

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The duck-billed platypus nurses its young. So which animal class does it fall into?
Mammal
Duck-billed platypuses have a vertebrae, are warm-blooded, covered with fur and nurse their young. However, they also lay eggs. But they are still mammals.
Reptile
Fish
Bird

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Is something like a bunny still cute when it's huge? Which one is the biggest?
Flemish Giant
These hares are the size of a medium-sized dog. At 28 pounds, this animal has been bred since the 16th century around the city of Ghent, Belgium, and is here to stay.
Eastern Cottontail
Checkered Giant Rabbit
Volcano Rabbit

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This amazing animal is the largest of its species and doesn't use sonar to find food. What is it?
American beaver
Sea otter
Giant golden-crowned flying fox
The largest bat species is the giant golden-crowned flying fox. At approximately 3 pounds and 22 inches long, it's the bat of nightmares. It is an endangered fruit bat from the rainforests of the Philippines and will not turn you into a vampire.
Garter snake

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Are you a rodent lover? Then you'll love this one. It's the biggest of the bunch. What is it?
Beaver
Dormouse
Chinchilla
Capybara
The largest living rodent is the capybara, weighing in at 232 pounds! They can be found in temperate parts of South America east of the Andes, and always near water. But if you see one, be prepared to see many more. Capybaras are a highly social species and can be found in groups as large as 100 individuals.

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Which of these is the largest snake in the world?
Southern copperhead
Water moccasin
Green anaconda
The maximum size verified is 25 feet long and weighing 550 pounds. Don't mess with these snakes; they use their mouth to hold their prey and use constriction to squeeze it to death. Think you're too big? They can unhinge their jaw to accommodate your size.
Timber rattlesnake

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What's the biggest bird around?
Vulture
Eagle
Hawk
Ostrich
An ostrich is impressive in size and speed. A large male ostrich can reach more than 9 feet tall and weigh 345 pounds. They are also the fastest bird on land and the fastest two-legged animal in the world, running at speeds of up to 60 mph!

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"Heavy" and "bird" don't go together but somehow this bird pulls it off. What is it?
Dalmatian pelican
If you guessed penguin, you're thinking logically since it's hard for a heavy bird to take flight. However, the correct answer is the Dalmatian pelican, which is over 5 feet tall and can weigh up to 33 pounds. A fibrous layer deep in the breast muscles can hold the wings rigidly in a horizontal position so it can glide and soar for a long time.
Albatross
Penguin
Toucan

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Another one for nightmares or scary movies. What's the biggest insect, spider, or crustacean?
Cobalt blue tarantula
Spiny lobster
Japanese spider crab
The Japanese spider crab has the largest leg span of any arthropod, reaching up to 12 feet - it can be in another room and still touch you! And it weighs up to 41 pounds. Nightmarish is the only word to describe it.
Black widow spider

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This will seem like a trick question. Where is the heart located in a shrimp?
Antennae
Swimming legs
Head
People tell you to think with your heart, not your mind. For a shrimp that's easy. That's where their heart lies... in their head!
Abdomen

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Do you ever complain about not sleeping enough? You wouldn't if you were a snail. How long can they sleep?
6 months
1 year
2 years
3 years
It sounds crazy, but a snail can sleep for three years. It's a form of hibernation used when the weather gets way too cold. Hibernating is a survival technique. Specifically, snails bury themselves in the ground and close off their shells with their own slime.

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Stuffy? Have a cold? Which animal couldn't survive if it couldn't smell?
Aardvark
The aardvark finds all its food through its sense of smell, so its long nose leads the way in the quest for dinner. The nose is soft, rounded and furry with denser hair around the nostrils. The aardvark swings its nose from side to side picking up the scent of termites.
Otter
Beaver
Hawk

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What color is a hippo's milk?
White
Yellow
Light brown
Pink
Hippos secrete two different types of acid. One is a reddish color while the other is bright orange. Both of these acids help halt bacteria growth on the baby hippo's skin and act as a sunscreen. These two acids combine with the mother's white milk to get pink milk. And we bet you thought it was just strawberry flavored.

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What animal can you hypnotize by placing it on its back and gently stroking its stomach?
Alligator
Lizard
Frog
All of the above
Don't do it on alligators, because you have to catch them and turn them on their back, which is dangerous. To hypnotize a lizard or a frog, put it on its back, stroke its stomach gently, and hold it still for a few seconds. Remove your hands, and it will remain motionless. To remove the hypnosis flip it back over.

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