Quiz: Artificial Sweetener or Fictional Element?

By: Maria Trimarchi

Quiz: Artificial Sweetener or Fictional Element?
Image: MamaMiaPL/iStock/Thinkstock

About This Quiz

Some sugar alternatives, such as honey, are produced by nature. Others, called artificial sweeteners, are synthetic creations. Sometimes their names sound a lot like fictional elements. Take this quiz to see if you can tell the difference.
Artificial sweetener or fictional element: lead(II) acetate
artificial sweetener
Lead(II) acetate, also known as lead sugar, is a salt that is sweet and deadly. It may have been the very first artificial sweetener, but today lead acetate, a compound called litharge mixed with acetic acid, is used as a color additive in certain hair dyes.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: ethyl aculose
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Ethyl aculose is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: sparassoline
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Sparassoline is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: saccharin
artificial sweetener
You may know it as Sweet'N Low, but saccharin was first discovered in 1879. In recent decades, this artificial sweetener, which is 200-700 times sweeter than sugar, has had a controversial link with bladder cancer.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: 5-Nitro-2-propoxyaniline
artificial sweetener
Also known as P-4000 and Ultrasuss, 5-Nitro-2-propoxyaniline is 4,000 times sweeter than table sugar, but you may not have heard of it because it's banned in the U.S.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: cyclamates
artificial sweetener
You could find cyclamate in American diet foods until 1970, when the U.S. banned the artificial sweetener.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: florolose
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Florolose is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: vorticulose potassium
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Vorticulose potassium is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: aspartame
artificial sweetener
You may know aspartame as NutraSweet or Equal. This synthetic sweetener is composed of approximately 50 percent phenylalanine, 40 percent aspartic acid and 10 percent methanol.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: mucosamate
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Mucosamate is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: sucralose
artificial sweetener
You know this sweetener as Splenda, which hit the U.S. market in 1999. It starts out as sugar (sucrose), but in a five-step process of making sucralose, three hydroxyl (those are the molecularly bonded hydrogen and oxygen atoms in sucrose) are swapped with chlorine atoms, which is what makes sucralose 600 times sweeter than sugar.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: glucalose acebitol
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Glucalose acebitol is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: dulcin
artificial sweetener
Dulcin, which is made by adding potassium cyanate to p-phenetidine hydrochloride, is about 250 times sweeter than sugar.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: glucin
artificial sweetener
Glucin, an artificial sweetener similar to saccharin, is about 300 times sweeter than sugar. It isn't used in the U.S. because it's considered unsafe.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: fruticoline
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Fruticoline is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: munchnones chloride
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Munchnones chloride is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: advantame
artificial sweetener
Advantame, considered a high-intensity artificial sweetener, is an astonishing 20,000 times sweeter than sucrose and about 100 times sweeter than aspartame. It's a general purpose sweetener derived from aspartame and vanillin; it's also used as an artificial flavor.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: sodium cyclamate
artificial sweetener
Sodium cyclamate, an artificial sweetener that's 30 times as sweet as sugar, is a cyclamate. As we know from an earlier question, it's banned in the U.S.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: talcitame acetate
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Talcitame acetate is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: jocolose
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Jocolose is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: aspartame-acesulfame salt
artificial sweetener
Aspartame-acesulfame salt is also known as the sweetener Twinsweet. It's made of a 2-1 mixture of aspartame and acesulfame potassium, and it's about 350 times sweeter than sugar.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: cefaloridine cyclamate
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Cefaloridine cyclamate is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: mithril
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Mithril is a fictional metal from J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings" books.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: neotame
artificial sweetener
You might not have heard of this sweetener, which its manufacturer (NutraSweet) claims is between 7,000 and 13,000 times sweeter than sugar, because it's mostly used by food producers in baked goods.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: thiotimoline
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Isaac Asimov invented this fictional compound.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: acesulfame potassium
artificial sweetener
Acesulfame potassium, which is 200 times sweeter than sugar, is composed of potassium salt containing methylene chloride. It's sold under the names Sunett, Sweet One and Sweet & Safe.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: alitame
artificial sweetener
Alitame is composed of the amino acids aspartic acid and alanine. Chemically similar to aspartame, this artificial sweetener, known as Aclame, is 2,000 times sweeter than sugar.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: narcralose
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Narcralose is fictional.

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: neohesperdine
artificial sweetener
Neohesperidine (NHDC), is a bitter compound that, through processing and hydrogenation, becomes 1,500-1,800 times sweeter than sugar. It isn't used in the U.S, but it is approved as a sweetener in the European Union.
fictional element

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Artificial sweetener or fictional element: Butterworths cyclamate
artificial sweetener
fictional element
Butterworths cyclamate is fictional.

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You Got:
/30
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