The Land Down Under: The Australian Geography Quiz

By: Laurie L. Dove

The Land Down Under: The Australian Geography Quiz
Image: Tim Graham/Getty Images

About This Quiz

You may already know that the Australian continent includes the Australian mainland and nearby islands, but how well-versed are you in some of the finer details of its geography? Test your knowledge of the "land down under" with this Australian geography quiz.
Australia is located between the Pacific Ocean and which other ocean?
Indian
Australia is located between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean.
Atlantic
Arctic

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In which hemisphere is Australia located?
Northern
Western
Eastern
Australia is located in the Eastern and Southern Hemispheres.

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True or false: Australia is the 10th largest country in the world.
true
false
Australia covers 7,692,024 square kilometers (2,969,907 square miles), making it the sixth largest country in the world.

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Which city is the capital of Australia?
Sydney
Canberra
Canberra is the capital of Australia. Canberra was a planned city and is located between Melbourne and Sydney in the Australian Capital Territory.
Melbourne

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How many time zones does Australia have?
one
two
three
Australia has three time zones: Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST), Australian Central Standard Time (ACST) and Australian Western Standard Time (AWST).

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How many states are there in Australia?
six
Australia is divided into six states and two territories. The states are New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. The territories are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory.
eight
ten

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What is the highest peak in mainland Australia?
Mount Townsend
Mount Twynam
Mount Kosciuszko
At 2,228 meters (7,310 feet) Mount Kosciuszko is the highest peak in mainland Australia. Mount Kosciuszko is located in the Snowy Mountains of southeastern New South Wales.

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Which latitude line runs through Australia?
Equator
Tropic of Capricorn
The Tropic of Capricorn is the latitude line that runs across Australia. The Tropic of Capricorn is 23.5 degrees south of the equator and denotes the southernmost point on Earth that the sun will be directly overhead at noon local time.
Tropic of Cancer

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What is the largest state in Australia?
Western Australia
At 2,529,875 square kilometers (976,790 square miles), Western Australia is the largest state in Australia.
Queensland
Victoria

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How long is Australia's Great Barrier Reef?
1,000 kilometers (621 miles)
1,500 kilometers
2,000 kilometers
The Great Barrier Reef, located off Australia's northeastern coast, is more than 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles) long.

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The city of Hobart is the capital of which Australian state?
Tasmania
Hobart is the capital of the Australian state of Tasmania. The British established the settlement of Hobart in 1803.
Queensland
Western Australia

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What is Australia's biggest city by population?
Melbourne
Sydney
Sydney is Australia's most populated city, with more than 4.6 million residents.
Brisbane

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What is the name of the famous sandstone monolith found in the Northern Territory?
Ayers Rock
Ayers Rock, which also goes by the Aboriginal name Uluru, was named a World Heritage Site in 1987.
Mount McClintock
Mount Augustus

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True or false: Lake Eyre in the state of South Australia is the lowest point on the Australian continent.
true
At 15.2 meters (49 feet) below sea level, Lake Eyre is the lowest point on mainland Australia. Located in South Australia, Lake Eyre is actually two lakes connected by a long channel.
false

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Which Australian city is home to the iconic Opera House?
Perth
Sydney
The Sydney Opera House was completed in 1973 and has been featured in numerous magazines, television shows and movies.
Adelaide

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How many islands are within Australia's maritime borders?
more than 800
more than 4,000
more than 8,000
There are 8,222 islands within the maritime borders of Australia.

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What is the longest river in Australia?
River Murray
The River Murray is the longest single river in Australia at 2,508 kilometers (1,558 miles) long.
Murrumbidgee River
Darling River

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What is the southernmost point of mainland Australia?
Steep Point
Cape Byron
South Point
The most southerly point of the Australian mainland is South Point, located at the tip of Wilsons Promontory National Park in Victoria.

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What is the tallest waterfall in Australia?
Ellenborough Falls
Wallaman Falls
At 268 meters (880 feet), Wallaman Falls in Queensland is Australia's highest single-drop waterfall.
Wollomombi Falls

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What is the largest island in the maritime borders of Australia?
Tasmania
Tasmania is the largest island within Australia's maritime borders. Tasmania covers an area of 60,637 square kilometers (23,412 square miles) and is located off the coast of Victoria.
Melville Island
Kangaroo Island

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What is the length of the coastline of mainland Australian?
25,000 kilometers (16,000 miles)
30,000 kilometers
36,000 kilometers
The length of coastline of mainland Australia is 35,877 kilometers (22,293 miles). The islands within Australia's borders add another 23,859 kilometers of coastline to the total.

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What is the total population of Australia?
more than 24 million
The population of Australia is estimated to be more than 24 million people. The female population is estimated at 50.2 percent, while males make up 49.8 percent of the total population.
more than 20 million
more than 16 million

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In which Australian state is the geological formation named Murphy's Haystacks found?
Queensland
South Australia
The wind-eroded pink granite formation known as Murphy's Haystacks is found on the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia.
Western Australia

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Which state is the wettest in state in Australia?
Western Australia
Victoria
Tasmania
Tasmania is the wettest state in Australia, averaging more than 150 days of rain per year.

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Which city is the capital of the state of Victoria?
Melbourne
Melbourne is the second highest populated city in Australia, with more than 4.2 million people.
Sydney
Perth

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What is Australia's top export?
petroleum gas
iron ore
Iron ore is Australia's No. 1 exported material totaling 25.7 percent of total exports for the country.
gold

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What percentage of mainland Australia is desert?
35 percent
Approximately 35 percent of Australia is classified as desert due to minimal annual rainfall amounts. Not including Antarctica, Australia is the driest continent on Earth, with 70 percent of the country receiving less than 500 millimeters of annual rainfall.
30 percent
25 percent

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True or false: Summer in Australia is December through February.
true
Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are opposite those in the northern hemisphere.
false

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Which Australian state is home to the Daintree Rainforest?
New South Wales
Victoria
Queensland
The Daintree Rainforest, one of the oldest rainforests in the world, is located in the Australian state of Queensland.

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Which city is the capital of Western Australia?
Perth
With a population of 1.89 million people, Perth is the largest city in Western Australia and the fourth largest city in the entire country.
Brisbane
Adelaide

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You Got:
/30
Tim Graham/Getty Images

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