Fact or Fiction: Burns

Estimated Completion Time
2 min
Fact or Fiction: Burns
Image: BSIP/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Most of us have suffered a burn at some point or another -- and chances are, it was minor and healed relatively quickly. But do you know if you should run cold water over minor burns? What happens when you have hot tar stuck to your skin? And can you have a burn that's not visible on your skin? See how well you respond to these most burning questions.
There are three burn classifications.
fact
fiction
almost fact: There are four.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

There are four types: first-, second-, third- and fourth-degree.

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First- and second-degree burns are considered minor; third- and fourth- degree burns are major.
fact
fiction
almost fact: First- ,second- and third- degree burns are minor.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Only first-degree burns -- and second-degree burns that are less than 3 inches in diameter -- are considered minor.

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You should run cold water over minor burns to relieve the pain.
fact
fiction
almost fact: You should use warm water, not cold.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Cool water is actually what you're looking for.

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Putting an ice pack on a minor burn will help reduce the swelling.
fact
fiction
almost fact: The ice pack will also decrease healing time.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

You should never put ice on a burn -- it can make your body too cold and exacerbate the burn.

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You should never break a burn blister.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Go ahead and pop it if it looks infected.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Popping a burn blister will make you more prone to infection, so resist the temptation.

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If you're dealing with major burns, you should take off the victim's clothes.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Take off only the clothes that look to be in danger of sticking to the burns.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

You shouldn't removed burned clothing -- you might end up doing more harm than good.

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Immersing severe burns in cold water could cause hypothermia.
fact
fiction
almost fact: It could cause hyperthermia.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Cold water could induce hypothermia and shock.

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Burns make you susceptible to tetanus.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Typically, only major burns could make you vulnerable to tetanus.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

People with minor burns shouldn't worry, but you'll probably want to get a tetanus shot or a booster if you've had a major burn.

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You should never use water to treat a chemical burn.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Water can be used to treat burns from certain chemicals.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

With any chemical burn, you should first flush out the burn with cool water.

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Some electrical burns don't show up on the skin at all.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Some chemical burns don't show up on the skin.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Electrical burns often cause internal damage instead of external.

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You should never touch an electrical burn victim.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Only touch the victim if he or she is still in contact with the electrical source.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Before you touch the victim, be absolutely sure that the source of the burn has been turned off or otherwise removed from the scene.

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Third-degree burns go through all layers of the skin.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Third-degree burns affect the top three layers of the skin.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Yes, third-degree burns affect every layer of the skin, to the tissue underneath it.

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Fourth-degree burns are basically very large third-degree burns.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Fourth-degree burns are on the most sensitive areas of the skin, like the face.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Fourth-degree burns affect more than the skin -- they can injure muscle, nerves and bone.

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Most burns in young children are friction burns.
fact
fiction
almost fact: They're mostly scald burns.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Most burns in kids ages 5 and under are scald burns from hot liquids.

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Most burns happen at home.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Most burns happen in hazardous chemical plants.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

You would think hazardous chemical plants would be a hotbed for burns, but no -- most of us sustain burns at home.

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Men get burned a little more than women do.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Men get burned twice as often as women do.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Yes, men are twice as likely to have burn injuries.

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Most minor burns heal on their own.
fact
fiction
almost fact: True, but you should still seek medical attention.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Home treatment is fine for minor burns -- no need to call the doctor.

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If hot tar or plastic has melted onto your skin, you should pour cooking oil on it.
fact
fiction
almost fact: You should run cold water over it.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The cold water will cool off the tar or plastic, which is the most important first step.

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A 0.5 percent hydrocortisone cream is a basic home burn treatment.
fact
fiction
almost fact: You should get 2 percent.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

A 0.5 percent hydrocortisone cream is a good addition to your first aid kit for treatment of minor burns.

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Aloe juice can soothe a minor burn.
fact
fiction
almost fact: Yes, but only if it's a sunburn.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

It doesn't matter what caused the burn -- when a first-degree or minor second-degree burn is a couple of days old, aloe vera can ease pain and swelling.

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You Got:
/20
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