EMTs use a wide range of tools and equipment to stabilize, secure and treat various ailments of a patient. Some of these ailments may be leg ulcers or leg swelling, while others may involve immobilizing a spinal or neck injury. Whatever the case may be, EMTs are trained with years of experience and expertise with a variety of medical tools and supplies.
Some of these medical devices include a ventilator, incubator and a bag valve mask. Other types of tools may sound more familiar to you, like gloves, a medications bag and a syringe. While these tools and pieces of equipment vary in purpose, they are all carried by EMT personnel on a daily basis.
Let's take a brief look at some EMT tools that you have probably never heard of. A suction catheter, for instance, is used to suction out excess mucus from the airway of a patient. If an EMT needs to check the blood glucose levels of a patient, he or she will often use a hemoglucometer.
This quiz is compiled with 40 different types of EMT tools and pieces of equipment that are used to help a variety of patients. It will be your job to match the picture to the correct name (of the tool) from the answer list. We believe in you, so let's get started on this EMT equipment identification quiz now!
Wearing gloves is an essential part of being an EMT. Gloves will act as a barrier between the EMT and the patient, which helps to prevent any kind of cross contamination.
Short for "oral airways," an oropharyngeal airway is a small tube that allows the airway of a patient to become opened. This allows for proper breathing to ensue.
A bag valve mask is a mask that has an inflatable "bag" attached to it. This is used to give oxygen to a patient.
Trauma shears are scissors that are designed for EMS use. Trauma shears can easily cut through almost any type of clothing material for treatment.
You might already have a thermometer in your household, which is also frequently used by EMS personnel. This handy tool gauges an accurate temperature reading for a patient.
A nasopharyngeal airway looks like a bent tube, and is commonly used in a patient's airway. When the airway is opened, oxygen can flow more freely.
A nasal cannula looks like a thin tube which has two prongs at the end. The prongs go inside the nostrils to allow for the flow of oxygen.
A non-rebreather mask looks like a face mask with an inflatable bag attached at the bottom. It's typically used on a conscious patient to provide a high dose of oxygen.
A transport monitor is a small device that is used to check and track a person's vitals. There are various controls on the bottom of the screen for efficiency as well.
The AED was invented by Frank Pantridge, and is used to provide defibrillation to a patient. Defibrillation is done by controlled electrical shocks.
Blood and body fluids are typically collected in a biohazard bag or bin. This is used to prevent the spread of germs, disease and contamination.
A thermal blanket may look like a long sheet of aluminium foil, but it's designed to keep the cold out, while keeping the heat in. This is also perfect for patients who need to keep warm from shock or low body temperatures.
Magill forceps kind of look like scissors, except the ends aren't sharp. These are used to remove things like bullet shards from a patient.
A stethoscope is used to listen to the beat of a patient's heart, as well as how well they are breathing. A resonator is attached to a cord, which delivers sound to dual ear pieces.
Almost anytime you receive a vaccination from a doctor's office, you receive it through a syringe. This handy tool is also used to directly give a patient medication via their bloodstream.
A nebulizer is a device that allows patients to inhale their medication through a tube. This is often in the form of a mist spray.
A penlight looks like a small pen that shines a bright light at the end of it. This tool is used to determine underlying causes from a patient's pupil response.
Blood pressure cuffs are wrapped around a patient's arm to determine how high or low their blood pressure is. There is also a dial that is attached to the cuffs via a cord.
A bandage is used to securely wrap a wound for treatment. Bandages also help to prevent infection and cross-contamination.
A splint is used for broken limbs, and helps to immobilize the damaged joints. This will prevent the patient from attempting to move the joints during the treatment process.
An eye cup is designed to securely adhere to the eye for rinsing. The cup is often filled with a solution, such as saline.
Saline solution is a mix of water and salt that is pH-balanced. This solution is often used for eye rinsing.
A CPR mask is shaped to fit over a patient's nose and mouth. The EMT personnel will then deliver oxygen to the patient via the vertical tube on the top of the mask.
A suction catheder is a tube-shaped device that is used to remove excess mucus from the airway of a patient. This tube is also attached to a machine that is used to suction out the blockage.
A sharps container is used to collect used and contaminated needles, as well as other sharp objects. This is typically in the form of a plastic bin.
A peripheral venous catheter is used to draw blood from a patient. This is often a long tube with a needle attached at the end, which is inserted into a patient's vein.
A pulse oximeter not only measures a patient's pulse, but it will also tell the EMT about your oxygen levels. The device will also give other readings, such as SpO2.
A jump-bag is essentially a large backpack that holds all of the tools and equipment that an EMT will use. Jump-bags also have many pockets and pouches of varying sizes.
A spinal board kind of looks like a long surfboard, but is actually used to transport a patient with a spinal injury. The board and its surrounding straps will ensure that the spine is not moved or hindered in any way.
Newborn babies can be transported for treatment via an incubator. The incubator provides a warm and safe habitat for the child.
A ventilator is a small machine that is used to deliver air into a patient's lungs. This is often done with tubes.
When a patient is receiving an infusion, the EMT will often track the rates via an infusion pump. Syringe drivers may also be used for these kinds of purposes.
A hemoglucometer sounds fancy, but it's simply used to check the blood glucose levels of a patient. A small amount of the patient's blood is needed for an accurate reading.
A K.E.D. is a brace that is used for patients who were involved in a car accident. It stands for "Kendrick Extrication Device."
A neck brace is used to secure a patient's neck in place to prevent any further damage. This is also known as a cervical collar.
A medications bag does exactly what its name implies: it's a bag for storing and carrying medications. There are several pockets that are used to securely store a variety of medicine.
A tourniquet is applied to a patient to prevent blood flow to a specific vein. C-A-T and SWAT-T are examples of tourniquets.
EMTs will often use tape to secure bandages together. Tapes may also be breathable or non-breathable.
A piece of gauze is used to absorb body fluids from a patient. The material is typically thin and features various weaves in it.
Compression bandages are used to aid leg ailments, like ulcers and swelling. Leg veins are also aided with this type of bandage.