Quiz: Can you eat sweets if you have diabetes?

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About This Quiz

People with diabetes want their just desserts! It's hard to follow a diet without the occasional chocolate bar or cookie, let alone some sweetener in your coffee. This is where low-calorie sweeteners come into play. Take this quiz to learn about how to sweeten up your meals while still eating healthfully if you have diabetes.

If you have diabetes, you should _______.

Recent research shows that it's the total number of carbohydrates consumed that increases blood glucose levels, not just sugar consumption. Most medical professionals now state that even people with diabetes can have moderate amounts of sugar.

What should you do if you want to have desert with your meal?

Sometimes you just want to have a cookie or piece of cake after a meal, which is fine; simply eliminate the equivalent amount of carbohydrates from your meal as are in the dessert.

What is the first thing you should check on a food label?

Above all else, check the suggested serving size on a food label. This will ultimately determine how much of the food you can eat.

Which of the following products contains carbohydrates?

You should check the food labels of products labeled sugar free, reduced sugar, no sugar added and dietetic, as these products still likely contain carbohydrates.

What are sugar alcohols?

Sugar alcohols, such as isomalt and sorbitol, are a type of reduced-calorie sweeteners. Sugar alcohols don't actually contain any alcohol.

What is a side effect of ingesting sugar alcohols?

Ingestion of sugar alcohols may lead to diarrhea, especially in children.

Reduced-calorie sweeteners have ________ the calories of regular sugar.

Reduced-calorie sweeteners and low-calorie sweeteners are not the same thing. Reduced calorie sweeteners, or sugar alcohols, such as orbitol, xylitol and mannitol, have about half the calories of regular sugar.

Low-calorie sweeteners are _________.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration states that low-calorie sweeteners are safe and can be included in a healthy diet for diabetics.

Why are low-calorie sweeteners good for people with diabetes?

Low-calorie sweeteners don't affect blood glucose levels, don't contain carbohydrates, fat or calories and make food taste better.

Which of the following is a low-calorie saccharin sweetener?

Sweet'N Low, in its classic pink package, is probably the most well-known low-calorie saccharin sweetener.

What was the initial health concern regarding saccharin use?

When saccharin was first invented, it was found to cause cancer in rats when consumed in very high quantities. The good news is that human consumption of saccharin does not even come close to the amount consumed by rats in these early studies.

What is the overall finding regarding saccharin and health consequences?

Years of research has shown that saccharin is safe in normal quantities and doesn't increase a person's risk for cancer.

How many times sweeter than sugar is aspartame?

Aspartame is 180 times sweeter than sugar. Interestingly, aspartame has the same amount of calories as sugar, but you need such a little amount of aspartame to achieve desired sweetness. This minute amount adds up to negligible calories.

Why should you avoid using aspartame when baking?

Aspartame, such as Equal and NutraSweet, may lose its sweetness when heated. It's important to read the product label before using aspartame when baking.

Who should limit their intake of aspartame?

Low-calorie sweeteners are generally safe for use by everyone, including children and pregnant women. However, people with a certain condition called phenylkeptonuria (PKU) should avoid ingesting aspartame.

What is NOT a characteristic of the low-calorie sweetener called Neotame?

Neotame, a newer aspartame, is a thousand times sweeter than sugar. It is also safe for people with phenylkeptonuria (PKU).

What is a benefit of acesulfame potassium?

Acesulfame potassium, such as Sweet One and Swiss Sweet, can be heated without losing its sweetness, so it can be used in baking.

What is a benefit of sucralose?

Sucralose, which is found in Splenda, is the newest low-calorie sweetener. Like acesulfame potassium, it can be used for baking because it's heat resistant.

What can be one disadvantage of eating low-calorie sweetener products?

Be careful. Just because a product was made with a low-calorie sweetener does not mean it's also low in total calories and fat. In fact, it's not uncommon to find low-calorie sweetener products with higher total calories and fat content compared to their full-sugar counterparts.

Which of the following are other names for sugar?

Read ingredient labels carefully and watch out for ingredients that say glucose, fructose, levulose, maltose and lactose. All of these are various forms of sugar.

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