Can You Identify All of These Coniferous Trees?

By: Deborah Beckwin
Estimated Completion Time
4 min
1 cedar of lebanon GettyImages-182168083 Which tree is on a Middle Eastern nation's flag?
Veitch's fir
Cedar of Lebanon
Found in the Eastern Mediterranean region, the Cedar of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) is not only on Lebanon's flag, it's also the national emblem and the country's coat of arms. The Lebanon Cedar is generally used ornamentally in gardens and parks.
Eastern prickly juniper
Deodar cedar

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2 Balsam fir-Abies_balsamea_phanerolepis If you want your house to smell like the winter holidays, which of the following trees would you most likely choose?
Balsam fir
The balsam fir (Abies balsamea) is a fragrant evergreen tree which makes it a popular choice as a Christmas tree. This tree is found in North America, specifically in the northeastern parts of Canada and the U.S.
Black kauri
Turkish cedar
Subalpine larch

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3 Eastern redcedar GettyImages-200372212-001 Which tree may be called a cedar, but is actually a juniper?
Cyprus cedar
Atlas cedar
Eastern redcedar
The main reason why the eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana) is misnamed is because of its aromatic heartwood, which is commonly used for cedar chests and as a moth repellent. Many trees in the Western Hemisphere have been mislabeled as cedars, but there are only five species of true cedars, which are mainly found in northern Africa, northern India, Cyprus, Lebanon and Turkey.
Turkish cedar

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4 Agathis_robusta2 Which coniferous tree would you find in Queensland, Australia?
Pacific kauri
Alpine juniper
Red kauri
Smooth-barked kauri
The smooth-barked kauri (Agathis robusta), also known as the Queensland kauri pine, can grow up to 50 meters or 164 feet tall. There were more larger and taller trees before Europeans came to Australia and did extensive logging, but the tree is still considered to be of "least concern" when it comes to its conservation status.

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5 western larch GettyImages-516885564 Which of the following trees is deciduous and has wood valued for building yachts and for firewood?
Dawn redwood
Eastern hemlock
Japanese red pine
Western larch
The western larch (Larix occidentalis) can be found mostly in the Pacific Northwest regions the U.S. and Canada. In the autumn, the needles turn yellow and only the shoots are left on the branches until the following spring.

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6 Torreya_californica_2017-05-23_0759 Which of the following trees is has a common name of "stinking cedar"?
Japanese torreya
Jack's nutmeg tree
California nutmeg
The California nutmeg (Torreya californica), also known as the California torreya, is an evergreen which grows in the Sierra Nevada foothills in California. This tree does not produce the nutmeg spice, but the seeds, once processed tastes like peanuts. Also the seeds can be pressed to produce an oil which can be using for eating or cooking.
Farges nutmeg tree

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7 blue spruce GettyImages-10183526 Which of these trees is the state tree of Colorado?
Sargent's spruce
Tiger-tail spruce
Morinda spruce
Blue spruce
The blue spruce (Picea pungens) also known as the Colorado spruce, grows in the western regions of Canada and the U.S. This tree is used ornamentally beyond where it grows natively. It's also grown as a Christmas tree.

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8 mountain hemlock GettyImages-88166863 This tree's flexible trunk allows it to curl up when it's heavy with snow.
Carolina hemlock
Mountain hemlock
The mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) is an evergreen tree which grows in subalpine climes on North America's west coast and in Alaska. It can grow to be more than 800 years old. Although it is native to North America, it has been cultivated to grow in Europe (e.g., England and in Scandinavia).
Western hemlock
Bunge's pine

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9 giant sequoia GettyImages-1006089612 Which tree is called by author and naturalist John Muir as "Big Tree"?
Ulleungdo hemlock
Giant sequoia
The giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum), also known as the giant redwood, definitely lives up to the name Muir gave it, as it is one of the largest trees in the world. This tree has been recorded to be over 300 feet tall with trunk diameters of 28 feet. This tree is only naturally found in the groves of the Sierra Nevada Mountains in California.
Common juniper
Bull kauri

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10 Bristlecone pine tree GettyImages-sb10067340j-001 The world's oldest known tree is what tree species?
Turkish pine
Pitch pine
Great Basin bristlecone pine
The Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) is one of three kind of species of bristlecone pines. The oldest tree in the world is over 5,000 years old and located somewhere in the White Mountains of California.
Michoacan pine

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11 pacific yew Taxus_brevifolia_-_Flickr_-_theforestprimeval_(2) A chemotherapy drug was developed from which tree?
Pacific yew
The Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia), also known as the western yew grows in the Pacific Northwest of North America. The tree helped to develop the chemotherapy drug, paclitaxel, but since it was already become rare, it was not mass harvested. Instead, a partially synthesized version of the drug was created.
European yew
Rigid branch yew
Chinese yew

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12 Florida yew Torreya_taxifolia_foliage Which of the following is a tree found in the southeastern region of the U.S. and is critically endangered?
Virginia pine
Atlas cedar
Florida yew
Found in the Florida panhandle and as far north as southeastern Georgia, the Florida yew (Torreya taxifolia) is another tree with the common names of "stinking yew" or stinking cedar." That's due to the cones and leaves giving off a strong scent when they're crushed. Unfortunately, due to a fungal blight that's wiped out most of the tree's mature population, this tree is expected to become extinct soon.
Western larch

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13 atlas cedars Which tree shares the name with the mountains it natively grows in?
Azores juniper
Montezuma pine
Sakhalin spruce
Atlas cedar
The Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica) natively grows in the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and other mountainous regions in Morocco and Algeria. Due to fires and human use, this tree is an endangered species.

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14 brewer spruce Picea_brewerianafullform Which of the following is named after an American botanist?
Brewer spruce
Named after American botanist William Henry Brewer, the Brewer spruce (Picea breweriana) is a rare one to North America. It locally grows in the Klamath Mountains in northwest California and southwest Oregon. This unique-looking tree is listed as vulnerable due to declining populations.
Jalisco fir
Masters' larch
Sargent's spruce

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15 white fir Young_Abies_concolor Which North American tree has two variations -- one which grows from Oregon to Baja, California, and the other a little further east?
Canary Islands juniper
Subalpine larch
White fir
The white fir (Abies concolor) has two subspecies: the Rocky Mountains white fir (subsp. concolor) and the Sierra Nevada white fir (subsp. lowiana). This tree is used ornamentally and as a Christmas tree.
Eastern hemlock

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16 red spruce GettyImages-1056363260 Which of the following trees is the provincial tree of Nova Scotia, Canada?
Red spruce
Most commonly known as the red spruce (Picea rubens), this tree is native to eastern North America and has a variety of uses. The wood is valued for musical instruments such as violins and guitars as well as for producing paper pulp. This is also another notable Christmas tree.
Mountain hemlock
Silver fir
Rocky Mountain juniper

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17 10_31_2008_Stand_of_Tamarack Found throughout Canada and the northernmost states of the U.S., which of the following is a deciduous tree?
European larch
Sitka spruce
Engelmann spruce
Tamarack
Tamarack (Larix laricina) means "wood used for snowshoes" in the Native American language of Algonquin. Its deciduous needles turn bright yellow in the fall.

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18 fraser fir Abies_fraseri_Blue_Ridge_in_NC Which of the following fir trees can you only find in the Appalachians?
Spanish fir
Fraser fir
The Fraser fir (Abies fraseri) is named after Scottish botanist John Fraser, who collected this and other specimens in the Appalachians and the Alleghenies. Because of an invasive insect, the balsam woolly adelgid, most of the mature Fraser firs have been killed, which has put the tree on the endangered species list.
Balsam fir
Grand fir

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19 dawn redwood Metasequoia_glyptostroboides_group_PAN You can find this large, deciduous tree species in Strawberry Fields, the John Lennon memorial in New York City's Central Park.
Chinese nutmeg yew
Dawn redwood
The dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides) is a native Chinese sequoia and is the only living species of its genus. It's a fast-growing tree that can grow up to 165 feet, making it a better choice for parks and large gardens, such as Strawberry Fields.
Meyer's spruce
Subalpine larch

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20 torrey pine Pinus_torreyana2 Which pine tree is natively one of the rarest pine trees in the world?
Torrey pine
The Torrey pine (Pinus torreyana) is critically endangered one of the rarest natively growing pines in the world, with only 100 trees remaining. It natively grows in two coastal areas of Southern California. Elsewhere, the Torrey pine can be found growing as close as San Diego and as far away in Oceania (Australia and New Zealand) and on the continent of Africa in Kenya.
Bishop pine
Ulleungdo hemlock
Bhutan pine

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21 japanese nutmeg yew Torreya_nucifera_2 Which tree is known for its high-quality, yellow wood, used for Asian game boards?
Japanese nutmeg-yew
The japanese-nutmeg yew (Torreya nucifera) is called kaya in Japanese and is also known as the Japanese torreya. Although this tree is not at all endangered, it was over-harvested in the past, so Japan has protected it to prevent that from happening again.
Western juniper
White kauri
Southern Japanese hemlock

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22 Cedrus brevifolia Which conifer is known locally as "Holy Mary's pine"?
Canada yew
Japanese red pine
Silver fir
Cyprus cedar
The Cyprus cedar (Cedrus brevifolia) grows locally in the Troödos Mountains in the central region of Cyprus. The local story of the "Holy Mary pine" comes from a visit of the Virgin Mary to the Kykkos Monastery. To honor her presence, the pine trees bent down, and as a reward of their worship, she turned them in cedar trees.

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23 Whitebark_pine_group Which of the following pine trees is hard to distinguish from its relative, the limber pine?
Amami pine
Whitebark pine
The whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) goes by many other names including white pine, creeping pine and pitch pine. Found in the western parts of North America, it is listed as endangered because of a European fungus called white pine blister rust and because of the mountain pine beetle. Wildfires can help this tree regenerate more effectively, but the lack of them due to fire suppression has left older and fungus-riddled trees around, stifling their healthier growth.
Swiss pine
Armand pine

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24 Juniperus_scopulorum Which of the following is related to the eastern redcedar?
Rocky Mountain juniper
The Rocky Mountain juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) is mostly found in the western part of the U.S. It can grow up to 12 feet high and can be used ornamentally for landscaping.
Chihuahua spruce
Siberian larch
Pinchot juniper

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25 sitka spruce Picea_sitchensis_Botany_Bay_BC Which tree is the largest spruce species?
Burmese spruce
Sitka spruce
The Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) is also the third tallest (as high as 299 feet) and fifth largest conifer (diameter as large as 16 feet). Found along the West Coast, from Alaska to California, the Sitka spruce is named after Sitka, Alaska where it's found in abundance.
Purple cone spruce
Norway spruce

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26 norway spruce Picea_abies_forest Which tree species is sometimes considered as the original Christmas tree?
Nordmann fir
Scots pine
Guatemalan fir
Norway spruce
The Norway spruce (Picea abies) is often used as the Christmas tree for public display around the world. This tree is also a part of a gift-giving custom between countries, provinces, and cities. One example is how Norway annually gives Washington D.C. a Norway spruce for Christmas as a symbol of friendship and as thanks for support during WWII.

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27 virginia pines Which of the following conifers can you find in the eastern U.S.?
Khasi pine
Virginia pine
The Virginia pine (Pinus virginiana) also goes by the names Jersey pine and scrub pine. This tree can be found on abandoned farmland and on Christmas tree farms.
European black pine
Knobcone pine

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28 Tsuga_caroliniana_Rogow Which North American tree is currently under attack from an invasive Japanese insect, called the hemlock woolly adelgid?
Nordmann fir
Carolina hemlock
The largest of the North American hemlocks, the Carolina hemlock (Tsuga caroliniana) grows locally in isolated parts of the Appalachian Mountains, primarily in North Carolina. The tree is listed as "near threatened" and conservation efforts are underway to preserve the tree.
Subalpine larch
Forrest's hemlock

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29 douglas fir North_Fork_Skykomish_Trail_0211 One of these trees is not actually a fir. Can you find the fake fir?
Algerian fir
Siberian fir
Douglas fir
The Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is sometimes written Douglas-fir to distinguish it from other true firs which belong in the genus Abies. If that wasn't more confusing, it's also called Oregon pine or Columbian pine, and the genus name, Pseudotsuga, means "false hemlock." This tree, which can grow to over 300 feet tall, grows in the western region of North America, from Canada to Mexico.
Flaky fir

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30 Agathis australis GettyImages-838457824 Which species of Agathis is only found on the north island of New Zealand?
Southern kauri
The southern kauri (Agathis australis) is also known as New Zealand kauri -- but locally, it's just known as kauri. The biggest living kauri is called Tāne Mahuta, the name of the Māori god of the birds and forests. It stands at 148 feet tall and its girth is over 50 feet.
Black kauri
Bindang
New Guinea kauri

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31 Pinus maximartinezii Which pine tree was recently discovered in 1964?
Caribbean pine
Jeffrey pine
Single-leaf pinyon
Martinez pinyon
The Martinez pinyon (Pinus maximartinezii), which also goes by the name of big-cone pinyon, is known as a one of the soft pines, in subgenus Strobus. It's also an endangered species because most of the seeds are being harvested for human consumption. This means less seeds are being used to grow new trees.

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32 Larix_sibirica_Urals The wood of which tree is commonly seen in track cycling arenas?
Siberian larch
The Siberian larch (Larix sibirica), also known as the Russian larch, has many industrial uses including as poles and railroad ties. The tree has been cultivated in the U.S. and Canada for many years.
Min fir
Johann's pine
Azores juniper

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33 Cedrus_deodara_Shimla_Kufri_1 Which of the following is the national tree of Pakistan?
Eastern prickly juniper
Chilgoza pine
Deodar cedar
The deodar cedar (Cedrus deodara), also known as the Himalayan cedar, is a sacred tree to Hindus. Deodar in Sanskrit essentially means "divine tree." It can be found in the higher altitudes of Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tibet and Nepal.
Momi fir

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34 Bermuda_Cedar_with_male_cones Which of the following trees is native only to one island and has been decimated by invasive insects?
Bermuda cedar
The Bermuda cedar, (Juniperus bermudiana) also known as the Bermuda juniper, is listed as critically endangered accidentally were nearly wiped out by invasive scale insects when the U.S. built military bases on the island. The local birds which made their homes in these trees are also endangered. Other challenges for conservation include rising sea levels, the slow growth cycle of the tree and other trees competing with it for growth.
Maries' fir
Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine
Northern Japanese hemlock

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35 monterey cypress GettyImages-591186973 Which of the following cypress trees has been cultivated to be planted in Oceania, Africa and Europe?
Monterey cypress
The Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) may have a small native area on California's central coast, but it's found new life on other continents. As a coastal tree, one unique aspect of the tree is how it can be shaped by the wind, creating unusual contours.
Sargent Cypress
El Rincon cypress
Tecate cypress

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36 Juniperus_maritima_6437s This juniper tree was thought to be another species until recently.
Ashe juniper
Eastern redcedar
Seaside juniper
The seaside juniper (Juniperus maritima) is a unique species that grows in a habitat that most other junipers would not prefer. It can be found around the Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, by lakes or ocean, growing in the sand or in granite. It was thought to be the Rocky Mountain juniper until 2007 after genetic analysis showed that they were two different species.
Temple juniper

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37 Picea_omorika_seed_cones Which of the following is known to previously be found all over Europe until the Pleistocene ice ages?
Large-berry juniper
Forrest's fir
Serbian spruce
The Serbian spruce (Picea omorika) is natively found is Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina and can grow over 65 feet tall -- and double that size in rare exceptions. Although it's found in a small place natively, it's cultivated as an ornamental tree in Europe and North America. It's also a small part of the forestry industry, specifically with the production of paper and timber.
Texas pinyon

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38 Cypress Cupressus sempervirens Which of the following trees has long associated been mourning?
Mediterranean cypress
The Mediterranean cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), also known as the Italian cypress, is included in many stories from classical antiquity involving mourning. In more modern times, the tree is used in beauty products and has been cultivated outside of the Mediterranean area, as far away as California.
Baishan fir
Southern lacebark pine
Western prickly juniper

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39 eastern hemlock GettyImages-923459748 Which tree is the largest evergreen conifer in the eastern region of the U.S.?
Taiwan hemlock
Eastern hemlock
The eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) also known as the Canadian hemlock, have massive trunks by volume, which is why they're considered to be the largest conifer in the eastern U.S. For now, the tree's conservation status is "apparently secure", but the hemlock woolly adelgid, introduced from Asia in the 1920s, have been decimating these trees in more southern parts of the U.S. The eastern hemlock is also the state tree of Pennsylvania.
Pindrow fir
Parry pinyon

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40 Sequoia_sempervirens_Big_Basin_Redwoods_State_Park_4 Which of the following is considered the world's tallest tree?
Delavay's fir
Colorado pinyon
Coast redwood
The coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), also known as the California redwood, is the world's tallest tree, growing up to heights over 375 feet. It's also one of the oldest trees on earth, with the oldest coast redwood being 2,200 years old. One reason for its longevity is that it's resistant to rot, fungus and insects.
Sugar pine

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