Can You Identify All of These European Animals?

By: Jacqueline Samaroo
Estimated Completion Time
5 min
Barbary macaque There is only one species of monkey that can be found in the wild in Europe, what is its name?
Barbary macaque
The Barbary macaque is a species of primate that can be found in Gibraltar. It is notable for being the only primate (apart from humans) that is found living freely in Europe.
Common chimpanzee
Snow monkey
Ring-tailed lemur

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Arctic fox This canine gets its name from the frigid region where it makes its home, what is it called?
Golden jackal
Bush dog
Arctic fox
As its name suggests, the Arctic fox makes its home in the frigid Arctic region at Earth's northernmost reaches (in Europe it can be found in parts of Russia, Iceland, Norway, etc.). In some areas, it is referred to as the snow fox or the polar fox (due to its native habitat), or simply the white fox.
Maned wolf

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Sand lizard Which small European reptile has the title of its preferred habitat in its name?
Veiled chameleon
Sand lizard
As its name suggests, the sand lizard prefers sandy habitats like sand dunes and arid shrublands; however, it can often be found in some urbanized environments as well. It can be found as far west as the United Kingdom and as far east as Mongolia.
Rock monitor
Komodo dragon

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Sicilian pond turtle What is the name of the reptile that makes it home on the Italian island that has Europe's tallest active volcano?
Green sea turtle
Pig-nosed turtle
Eastern newt
Sicilian pond turtle
The Sicilian pond turtle is a relatively small reptile that is closely related to other pond turtles like the western pond turtle and the European pond turtle. This turtle gets its name from the fact that it is native to Sicily and is usually found in ponds (or other freshwater sources).

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Brown bear Do you know the formal name of this wide-ranging bear a close cousin of which is known as the grizzly bear in North America?
Spectated bear
European pine marten
Giant panda
Brown bear
The aptly named brown bear is a massive ursine animal that can be found primarily in Europe's northern reaches but it is also scattered throughout the rest of the continent as well. This species of bear holds the distinction of being the second largest land-dwelling carnivore in the world.

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Alpine marmot Which burrowing rodent shares its name with a prominent mountain range in Europe?
Alpine marmot
The alpine marmot is a species of relatively large rodent that can be found throughout the central mountainous regions of Europe. This marmot is an extremely proficient digger, having the ability to break through particularly tough soil.
Capybara
Ground squirrel
Eastern chipmunk

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Smooth snake What is the name of this nonvenomous snake that is found throughout most of Europe?
Green anaconda
Smooth snake
The smooth snake is a species of reptile that can be found throughout Europe (from as far west as Portugal) and even into parts of western Asia (Iran, Turkey, Armenia, etc.). It is nonvenomous and instead uses constriction when hunting.
Corn snake
Boa constrictor

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Corsican hare This small European animal shares its name with a Mediterranean island, what is it called?
Alpine pika
Riverine rabbit
Corsican hare
The Corsican hare gets its name from its primary habitat, the island of Corsica that is found in the Mediterranean Sea. It is also found in some parts of mainland Italy and it is oftentimes also referred to as the Italian hare or the Apennine hare.
Tree pangolin

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Alpine ibex Do you know the grazing animal that is named after a famous European mountain range?
Impala
Gazelle
Wildebeest
Alpine ibex
The Alpine ibex is a wild goat that is renowned for its excellent climbing ability. As its name suggests, its primary habitat is the Alps, where it thrives on the rocky and treacherous cliff sides.

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Sardinian long-eared bat Which flying mammal is found only on the second largest island in the Mediterranean?
Egyptian fruit bat
European Hedgehog
Sardinian long-eared bat
The Sardinian long-eared bat gets its name from the fact that it native only to the Italian island of Sardinia. It is relatively small, with its body being usually less than 2 inches in length.
Greater horseshoe bat

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Cretan goat What is the name of the grazing animal that is native to the largest Greek island?
Water buffalo
Grey rhebok
Cretan goat
The Cretan goat is It is oftentimes referred to as the Cretan ibex or more frequently as the kri-kri. It is currently endangered and is only native to Crete and a few surrounding islands.
Impala

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European polecat This European mammal is the domestic ferret's ancestor, what is its name?
Wolverine
Least weasel
European ferret
The European ferret is native to a large portion of the continent, although it is less common in the northern region. It is often referred to as the common ferret and throughout history it has been hunted for sport or for its fur.
Honey badger

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Red squirrel Which cute European rodent is threatened because of the introduction of its grey cousin that was originally from North America?
Red squirrel
Although the red squirrel is a common sight in Europe, in some areas it is threatened due to competition with the recently introduced eastern grey squirrel. It is also known as the Eurasian red squirrel due to the fact that it can be found throughout most of Europe and the northern reaches of Asia.
Pocket gopher
European beaver
Kangaroo mouse

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Iberian lynx Do you know which relatively small feline gets its name from a European peninsula?
Ocelot
Yellow mongoose
Spotted hyena
Iberian lynx
As its name would suggest, the Iberian lynx is native only to the Iberian peninsula (Portugal and Spain). It is currently endangered, with its population having been decreased in recent years by a lack of readily available prey (the European rabbit).

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Italian wolf This European subspecies of the gray wolf gets its name from the primary area that it inhabits, what is its name?
Mountain coyote
Italian wolf
The Italian wolf gets its name from the fact that it primarily makes its home in the Italian peninsula, however it has been extending its range to parts of France in recent years. Its conservation status is ranked as threatened, with the overall population estimated to number in the low thousands.
Dingo
Red wolf

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Grey seal What is the name of the dully colored aquatic mammal that is found solely on the shores of the North Atlantic Ocean?
Dugong
Gray seal
The gray seal can be found on shores that are washed by the North Atlantic Ocean; in Europe it can be found in Iceland, the UK, France, Scandinavia, and Germany This species of seal is also sometimes referred to as the horsehead seal or the Atlantic seal.
Walrus
Leopard seal

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Wood mouse Which extremely common European rodent can be found throughout most of the continent?
Wood mouse
The wood mouse gets its name from its preferred habitat, wooded areas like forests; however, it can also be regularly seen in farmlands and fields. As a result of this, it is also sometimes referred to as the common field mouse or the long-tailed field mouse.
Capybara
Springhare
Meerkat

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Pine marten Do you know the name of this relatively small predator that helped to beat back the invasive gray squirrel?
European mink
Giant otter
Pine marten
The pine marten is an extremely common species of mustelid that can be found throughout most of Europe. It is notable for its role in helping to cull the population of the gray squirrel, an invasive species that threatens the survival of the native red squirrel.
Wolverine

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Red deer This grazing animal can be found throughout most of mainland Europe, and it was a prestigious quarry for hunters, what is its name?
Impala
Reindeer
Spiral-horned antelope
Red deer
The red deer is a relatively common species of deer that can be found throughout a large portion of Europe, as well as also select parts of North Africa and Western Asia. It is an extremely important part of the history of the region, featuring heavily in ancient folklore and medieval heraldry.

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Greek tortoise Which slow-moving reptile shares its name with a European language?
Box turtle
Greek tortoise
Although it is called the Greek tortoise, this reptile ca be found as far west as Spain and North Africa, as well as further east into Asia. These tortoises are capable of living for extremely long periods of time, easily being able to surpass 125 years in age.
Sinai agama
Aldabra giant tortoise

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Wels catfish This relatively long-lived aquatic animal has a confusingly feline name, what is it?
Wels catfish
Although the wels catfish wasn't native to western Europe, it has recently been introduced there and has quickly become popular for sport fishing. The wels catfish can live for 50 years or more and like all species of catfish it doesn't have scales.
Northern pike
Sand goby
Giant grouper

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Lesser horseshoe bat What species of flying animal gets its name from the shape of its nose?
Lesser horseshoe bat
The lesser horseshoe bat is one of the smallest species of bat in the world, with a body length (excluding wingspan) that on average ranges from 1.3 inches to 1.8 inches. Its name is a direct reference to its nose, which is distinctly shaped like a horseshoe.
Old World swallowtail
Black flying fox
Emperor gum moth

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Four-lined snake Do you know the formal name of the European snake that is also sometimes referred to as the Bulgarian ratsnake?
Caspian whipsnake
Four-lined snake
The four-lined snake can be found in the southern reaches of Europe; primarily Italy and the western reaches of the Balkans. It is perhaps most notable for the fact that it is one of the largest snakes that is native to Europe.
Diamond python
Boa constrictor

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Marbled polecat This boldly colored small mammal from Southeastern Europe has been known to steal chickens from farmers, what is its name?
Honey badger
Southern river otter
Marbled polecat
Although it can be found in southeastern Europe, the marbled polecat has a much more widespread range in Asia that stretches from the far west all the way to China. Their diet consists of small mammals, lizards, frogs, insects and fish; however, they have been known to eat domesticated animals like chickens and steal processed foods like cheese.
Long-tailed weasel

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European mink What is the name of the small European mammal that has been significantly threatened by the introduction of its American cousin?
Bank vole
Beech marten
Hog badger
European mink
From the 19th century onward, the European mink has been significantly threatened when it comes to its survival in the wild. It is now critically endangered as a result of several factors; including the introduction of the invasive American mink, habitat loss, and climate change.

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European beaver The largest rodent that can be found in Europe goes by what name?
European beaver
Although the European beaver may look strikingly similar to its North American counterpart, the two are not genetically compatible and cannot interbreed. It is oftentimes referred to as the Eurasian beaver, since its range also extends into Asia (as far east as China).
Souther river otter
Yellow-pine chipmunk
Chinchilla

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European hedgehog Which European mammal is covered in thousands of prickly white and brown spines?
Elephant shrew
Golden mole
Pyrenean desman
European hedgehog
The European hedgehog is a small mammal that is relatively common throughout Europe, ranging from as far north as Scandinavia and as far south as the Iberian peninsula. It is a nocturnal animal and feeds on insects, earthworms, slugs and plant life.

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Ottoman viper This venomous snake shares its name with a historical transcontinental empire. What is its name?
King cobra
Ottoman viper
The Ottoman viper gets its name from the fact that its native habitat lies primarily within Turkey (and parts of Greece), the historical seat of the Ottoman Empire. It feeds on small mammals and birds and like all vipers it is venomous.
Olive sea snake
Banded krait

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Polar bear What is the name of the largest land-dwelling carnivore in the world?
Polar bear
The polar bear is a massive mammal that can be found living in the Arctic Circle. It is not bothered by the cold and is easily able to adeptly swim in frigid water while hunting seals.
Fossa
Sun bear
Giant panda

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Walrus Which massive Arctic mammal was hunted for its ivory and blubber?
Sea otter
Amazonian manatee
Walrus
The walrus is an an aquatic mammal that can be found in the Arctic Ocean and subarctic regions of the Pacific Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. They are incredibly massive, with male walruses being able to easily exceed 4,000 lbs.
Leopard seal

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Speckled ground squirrel Do you know the name of the small European rodent that usually hibernates from October to April?
Northern flying squirrel
Yellow-bellied marmot
Thickwood badger
Speckled ground squirrel
The speckled ground squirrel makes its home in the east, including countries like Russia, Belarus, Ukraine and Poland. It is currently ranked as near threatened and its population in some countries -- like Poland -- has dwindled drastically in recent years.

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Tawny owl This nocturnal European bird of prey relies primarily on its ears when hunting. What is its name?
Burrowing owl
Western osprey
Tawny owl
The tawny owl can be found throughout most of Europe, parts of Northern Africa, and sections of Asia. In the folklore of the region, it has become associated with death and bad luck.
Mountain pygmy owl

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Fire salamander The bold coloration of this European amphibian gives it what "heated" name?
Chinese giant salamander
Eastern newt
Emerald glass frog
Fire salamander
The fire salamander is distributed throughout a wide range of the European mainland and it is notable for being one of the most common species of salamander that can be found in the continent. They primarily feed on insects and worms and are capable of living for 50 years or more.

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European rabbit What is the name of the small European mammal that has been introduced to most of Australia?
European rabbit
Although it is called the European rabbit, this small mammal can also be found in parts of North Africa and it has been introduced to Australia, New Zealand and Chile. In the past it was incredibly abundant in Europe; however, it is now currently ranked as "near threatened".
Large-eared pika
Irish hare
Volcano rabbit

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Fallow deer This European grazing animal that has a "Persian" subspecies goes by what formal name?
Fallow deer
The fallow deer is a species of herbivorous mammal that is extremely common in Europe and parts of Asia. It has been introduced to a wide array of locations around the world; such as Argentina, Canada and South Africa.
Chital
Red gazelle
Sika deer

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Spanish pond turtle Which of these reptiles is most likely to speak one of the most-spoken native languages in the world?
Spanish pond turtle
As its name suggests, the Spanish pond turtle maintains a large presence Spain. However, a significant population does exist in Northwestern Africa and there have been reports of it being sighted in southwestern France.
Aldabra giant tortoise
Big-headed turtle
Leatherback sea turtle

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Roe deer The character Bambi was originally what species of animal?
Roe deer
The roe deer is distributed across most of mainland Europe, the UK and parts of Western Asia. In the original Austrian novels, Bambi was described as a male roe deer. However, in the Disney animated film of the same name, Bambi was changed to be a mule deer.
Plains bison
Screwhorn antelope
White-tailed deer

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Norway lemming What is the name of the small herbivorous rodent that is found only in Scandinavia and the surrounding areas?
Meadow vole
Norway lemming
The Norway lemming is a relatively small rodent that usually measures around 6 or so inches. As the name suggests, these rodents can be found throughout virtually all of mainland Norway (and also in neighboring regions as well).
Springhare
Muskrat

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