Can You Identify These Albino Animals?

By: Monica Lee

Can You Identify These Albino Animals?
Image: Fernando Trabanco Fotografía/Moment/gettyimages

About This Quiz

Yes, in the past there have been stories and omens associated with albino animals. But today, science tells us that the allure and beauty of these rare animals can be explained through the diversity of the gene pool. Agreed, not as romantic, but interesting nevertheless. It works this way: albinism is a genetic disorder where the animal lacks melanin. This means there is an absence of pigment or color in their skin, hair, and eyes. You'll notice that some of these photos you'll see in this quiz are actually leucistic animals, not albino, which is a partial loss of pigmentation. In most cases, the pigment cells in the eyes are not affected by the condition. But the snowy white appearance is just as awe-invoking. 

Whether albino or leucistic, it's not an advantageous situation for the animals; they stand out from the pack with no ability to use camouflage to hide from predators. And those that are predators, and not prey, die from starvation because their would-be quarry see them coming and escape. To make matters worse, when it comes to mating, many are outcast by their peers. Plus, the red-eyed albinos often have vision problems and experience sensitivity to the sun. Whether it's science or lore, the more you know about these milky beauties, the more amazing albinos you'll want to see. View them all in this one-of-a-kind quiz now.

Donkey What is the name of this animal that makes a sound like "Hee Haw"?
Horse
Mule
Zebra
Donkey
In order to have an albino donkey, it must inherit one or more defective genes that make it impossible to produce normal amounts of melanin or pigment. Animals lacking this pigment can either be pure or partial albinos, depending on the amount of defects in the inherited genes.

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Zebra The markings are faint, but it's pretty clear what type of animal it is. What your best guess?
Horse
Zebra
This zebra is leucistic, otherwise if it was an albino, you wouldn't see the faint markings and the eyes would be red. Leucistism is a genetic peculiarity due to a gene, recessive in most cases, which gives a white color to the fur or feathers of animals.
Donkey
Mule

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Monarch Butterfly What an amazing photo; what creature is this?
Monarch Butterfly
A Louisiana legend says that a white butterfly in the home is followed by a string of good luck. You're having a lucky day indeed if you see this albino monarch butterfly.
Moth
Skippers
Brush-Footed Butterfly

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Catfish What type of albino is this that makes its home in the river?
Trout
Small-Mouth Bass
Wide-Mouth Bass
Catfish
You can tell it is a catfish even without its coloring due to its prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers. About 1 in 10,000 animals are born with albinism. The term derives from the Latin word Albus, meaning “white."

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Reindeer What animal is leading the pack?
Deer
Reindeer
This albino reindeer is leading the pack. Is this calculated by the others? As the albino reindeer is easier for the wolves to see, giving the others time to escape when wolves approach. However, if there was snow on the ground, the albino would have the advantage.
Moose
Elk

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Buffalo What do you call this animal that was plentiful on America plains?
Buffalo
Although an albino water buffalo from Indonesia is pictured, the sighting of an albino buffalo or albino American bison was thought to be a sign from Great Spirit (God) to the Cheyenne and Sioux tribes. It was a good omen of wisdom and spiritualism.
Yak
Elk
Moose

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Rabbit Besides "fluff ball" what else do you call this albino animal?
Mink
Rabbit
With 305 breeds of domestic rabbits the world over, it's no wonder you'll find a few albinos in the mix. These furry friends clench their facial muscles and change their body position when they are feeling worried. It's important to learn their body language if you're going to have them as pets.
Chinchilla
Hamster

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Boa Constructor What is this sssscary looking slithering creature?
Boa Constrictor
In snakes, partial albinism is more common than full albinism. Full albinism would show eyes that are red or pink. The reason is the blood vessels inside the eye show through the colored part (the iris), which is no longer colored, and therefore look red.
Cobra
Eel
Lizard

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Turtle This reptile is easy to identify. What is it?
Turtle
Albino turtles tend to have yellowish shells and pink eyes. When it comes to turtles in general, the wood turtle is widely believed to be one of the most intelligent turtles. Now you know.
Lizard
Tortoise
Snake

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Moose What's the name of this herbivore?
Moose
Some scary creatures can look less scary in white fur. That's true for this huge herbivore that has to eat 9,770 calories a day to keep it's energy up. Unfortunately, during hunting season, the moose is easy to down due to the same white fur.
Elk
Horse
Donkey

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deer What is the name of this animal that kind of looks naked without coloring?
Antelope
Reindeer
Deer
According to a majority of the mountain-folk of the Ozarks and Appalachians in the United States, an albino deer was a bad omen. According to their stories, seeing a white deer could foretell death or bad fortune in the near future.
Gazelle

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Chipmunk Even though it's cute, what is the name of this frisky animal that might bite your finger when you feed it?
Hamster
Squirrel
Chipmunk
Don't be too surprised if an albino chipmunk bites you; the albinism affects their physical development. The absence of melanin in the eyes results in abnormalities, which often means that they struggle with depth perception.
Gerbil

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Squirrel What is the name of this little mammal that is good at storing nuts for the winter?
Hamster
Squirrel
Although the chipmunk may have depth perception problems, the albino squirrel has a different type of retina and therefore its eyesight is not as negatively impacted.
Mouse
Gerbil

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Giant Gourami You'd be surprised to see this fish in a tank because of its size. What is it called?
Talapia
Giant Gourami
Growing to 28 inches, this albino giant gourami is not as affected by its defective gene. This fish, along with other fish, doesn't have melanin in its inner ear, meaning that its hearing is less likely to be affected by albinism than in mammals.
Red Snapper
Eel

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Tiger What's the name of this big cat?
Cheetah
Tiger
Since you can still see faint markings, you know this tiger is leucistic. Unfortunately, this feline will find it difficult to capture prey because it cannot sneak up on it in its blinding white fur. The melanin is needed to provide camouflage.
Jaguar
Panther

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Penguin What's the name of this animal that might not have a wiggle in its waddle due to its albinism?
Stork
Dove
Pigeon
Penguin
This is a picture of the only known albino penguin. It is named Snowdrop and was born in 2002 at England’s Bristol Zoo. It looks a little lost without its tuxedo coloring.

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Koala Bear What cuddly creature is this?
Brown-Spotted Bear
Raccoon
Black Bear
Koala Bear
There is only one documented albino koala, and his name is Onya-Birri. He resides at the San Diego Zoo. Born in 1997, his name means "ghost boy" in the Aborigine language.

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Alligator This scary animal looks even more evil in white. What is its name?
Crocodile
Alligator
This sinister, white alligator is a true albino. Notice the red eyes. Alligators are so fast we wonder if the albinism would actually help prey escape or if the quarry would still be snatched by those sharp jaws.
Komodo Dragon
Giant Lizard

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Crocodile Besides calling it dangerous, what else do you call this reptile?
Alligator
Crocodile
Do you ever get confused between identifying an alligator or crocodile? The alligators have wider, U-shaped snouts, while crocodile snouts are more pointed and V-shaped. At least it's easy to identify one that's an albino!
Komodo Dragon
Giant Lizard

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Lion What is the name of this beastly beauty that wouldn't fare well in the wild?
Tiger
Panther
Lion
Unfortunately for albino lions, the manes around their heads are a visual indication of a good fighter. Because manes darken with age, the older lion has lived through many fights as the victor. In other words, the darker the mane, the tougher the lion.
Cougar

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Porcupine
Hedgehog
Adorable and red eyes don't usually go together but with this animal it does. The albino hedgehog is a very shy mammal, which is too bad as its lack of coloring makes it stand out.
Armadillo
Prairie Dog

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Wallaby Sometimes an albino animal is hard to recognize without the tell-tale color. Can you recognize this one?
Wallaby
Wallabies are easily confused with kangaroos. The most striking difference is their size. While a kangaroo can reach a towering two meters (over six feet tall!), their more petite relatives reach just over three feet.
Kangaroo
Jack Rabbit
Giant Hare

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Cobra What do you call this slithering specimen?
Eel
Cobra
The tell-tale hood is how you would recognize this snake without its natural coloring. The cobra's hood is used as a defensive display to make them look bigger and scarier to the predator.
Rattlesnake
Copperhead

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Rhesus macaques What kind of creature is this that looks like it could use a cuddle?
Rhesus macaques
Being albino makes this baby Rhesus macaque hard to identify. It would be easy if you saw it with its troop. Rhesus macaques are brown primates with red faces and rears. They have close-cropped hair on their heads, which accentuates their expressive faces.
Chimpanzee
Ape
Howler monkey

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Camel The humps give this one away! What do you call this pack animal?
Horse
Moose
Elk
Camel
This two-humped camel in Bayankhongor Aimag, Mongolia is called a Bactrian camel. The humps function the same way whether the camel has one hump or two. The humps store fat which can be converted to water and energy when nutrition is not available.

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Iridescent shark What do you call this swimming carnivore?
Hammerhead shark
Iridescent shark
It's unfortunate that you can't see the beautiful iridescence in this albino shark. Iridescent sharks are fast moving, active fish and are not extremely aggressive. In some cases, being albino can negatively affect the animal's immune system.
Cow shark
Carpet shark

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Crab This creepy crawler is an albino creature. What is its name?
Crayfish
Crab
Although a bigger crab is good for eating, the albino crab looks creepy crawling over the rocks. You'll notice they have ten legs, including claws, while the last pair of legs is hidden inside the shell so that only eight legs are visible.
Lobster
Shrimp

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Crow What's the name of this bird you might find in a cornfield?
Raven
Pigeon
Sparrow
Crow
This is a bird we truly know by its coloring. If it wasn't next to a flock member, you would have a hard time guessing. This is what happens when there is an absence of the enzyme tyrosinase, which is involved in the synthesis of melanin.

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Crested Pigeon Can you put a name to this bird that has a tuft or cowlick?
Cockatoo
Crested Pigeon
Melanin is present in two forms: Eumelanin, a brown-black pigment responsible for dark color) and phaeomelanin, the red pigment responsible for yellow-light coloring. However, in this albino crested pigeon, there is an absence of both.
Pheasant
Cardinal

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Ferret This furry friend is easier to name when it's not albino, but can you do it?
Mink
Weasel
Ferret
In albinism, the enzymes that would normally produce melanin are completely inactive. This albino mammal then is the result of a random mutation.
Rabbit

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Ringneck Parrot This sleek-looking bird might talk your ear off. What is its name?
Blue Jay
Toucan
Ringneck Parrot
Although it looks like an albino, leucistic birds like this can have normal colored eyes, legs, feet, and bills. Ringneck Parrots are very intelligent birds that can learn up to 250 words.
Macaw

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Guinea Pig This animal is a delicacy in Peru. Besides calling it dinner, what other name would you call it?
Guinea Pig
With the red eye, you know it's an albino. Don't be surprised if this cavy, or guinea pig, shows up on dinner plates in America; this food trend is catching on.
Hamster
Chipmunk
Gerbil

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Mallard Duck What is the name of this bird that normally sports a remarkable green iridescent plumage on its head?
Blue-Winged Teal Duck
Mallard Duck
Known for its beautiful plumage, this male duck can be found in the Northern Hemisphere throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. Note the red eye, a sure sign of albinism.
Wood Duck
Canvas Back Duck

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Elephant Go ahead and trumpet it; you know the name. What is it?
Elephant
This albino elephant must protect itself from sunburn as there is no pigment in its skin to protect it. Even though we think of elephants with thick skin, behind the ears, by the eye, on the abdomen, chest and shoulders it is as thin as paper.
Rhinoceros
Hippopotamus
Walrus

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Rat What do you call this commonly seen and used albino animal?
Rat
Ever wonder why lab rats are always albino? Having a fairly high degree of genetic similarity within a given rat strain can mean greater consistency in experimental results.
Mouse
Mole
Rabbit

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Grass Carp What is the name of this fish that is a large member of the minnow family?
Northern Pike
Grass Carp
Chinese Grass Carp are herbivorous fish that have been purposely introduced into many Florida lakes and ponds to control aquatic weed growth. The red eye and the almost transparent body is an indication of the albinism.
Atlantic Cod
Haddock

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Peacock What a unique looking bird, especially when all in white. What is it?
Peacock
Even though the peacock is known for its colorful feathers, when it is an albino you can really see how delicate and intricate the feathers are. They look like lace.
Guinea Fowl
Chicken
Road Runner

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Spider This creepy crawler is beautiful as an albino. What is it?
Crab
Spider
This itsy bitsy spider looks less intimidating when it's an albino. Although this spider will quickly be spotted by its prey due to its lack of pigment, it shows up beautifully against flowers.
Beetle
Fly

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Western Diamondback Rattlesnake What do you call this reptile that knows how to shake its tail feathers ... er... skin?
Copperhead
Boa Constrictor
King Cobra
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
The rattle can't be mistaken on this western diamondback rattlesnake. Once you hear that signature sound, move away quickly and hope you have fang-proof boots.

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Mouse You may say "eek!" but that's not its name. What do you call it?
Rat
Mouse
Used in lab experiments, white albino mice help us learn everything: from side effects to behavior modification and cooperation to advance our scientific knowledge.
Mole
Gerbil

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