Can You Identify These Basic House Features Actual Adults Should Know?

By: Todd Betzold
Estimated Completion Time
4 min
3 gutter GettyImages-471188137 The things that can get caught in these is crazy, so clean them every year. What are they?
Roof
Gutters
Gutters collect leaves, dirt, branches and dead animals over time. Because of that, get out the ladder and hose and start clearing these things out every year, or hire a professional to do it.
Siding
Garage door

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5 shower head GettyImages-79315501 This helps wash your body, but do you know how to change it?
Shower head
After a while, the shower head will get moldy and rusty, so it will need to be replaced. You can use a wrench to loosen the head and remove it, then install a new one in its place after cleaning off the shower head stem with some vinegar or alcohol.
Bathtub
Body wash
Shampoo

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7 water shutoff valve GettyImages-172685828 Adjusting this during an emergency could be very important, but do you what it is or where it is located?
Water shut-off valve
When there is a plumbing issue, the first thing to do is turn off the water. All water flow can be stopped at the water shut-off valve, which varies in location from house to house. Knowing where that valve is can prevent a lot of damage, so if you don't know, find out!
Sprinkler hose
Shower head
Doorknob

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10 columns GettyImages-867756950 Some homes have these in the Ionic, Doric or Corinthian style, reminiscent of ancient Greece and Rome. What are they?
Hallways
Columns
Columns are a hallmark of classical and neoclassical style. The Doric column is simple, while the Corinthian can be quite ornate. All are found in ancient Greek and Roman ruins, like the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill.
Arches
Bathrooms

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13 faucet GettyImages-102196603 If this starts leaking, the dripping may cause you to go insane. What is it?
Washing machine
Toilet
Dishwasher
Faucet
Of course, plumbing problems vary depending on the model of sink and faucet you have, but basic faucet leaks are usually all the same. To repair, you would need to replace a faulty or worn-down O-ring, washer or stem inside the faucet head.

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6 furnace filter GettyImages-183753690 You should change this every three months to keep your air fresh and avoid fires, but what is it?
Shower curtain
Dryer lint trap
Furnace filter
We all want clean air in our lives, which is why the furnace filter should be changed every three months in your house. If you have a smoker in the house or a pet that sheds a lot, then you need to change the filter even more frequently.
Screen door

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15 spiral staircase GettyImages-184974609 It looks like winding stairs, but it is called what?
Ladder
Spiral staircase
Spiral staircases may seem hazardous or make you dizzy, but they're also stylish and convenient in tight spaces. Some of the first spiral staircases were used in castles in the Middle Ages.
Endless staircase
Flight wanderer

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11 Banquette GettyImages-522958506 You can find this in a breakfast nook, covered with a cozy cushion and lots of pillows. What is it?
Banquette
A banquette is an alternative to a typical dining table with chairs or benches. It can be a great space saver if square footage is limited.
Bookshelf
Island
Pantry

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4 door hinge GettyImages-150209412 If your door is scraping or getting caught, you may need to tighten these. What are they called?
Doorknob
Door stopper
Door frame
Door hinges
If the door moves up or down when it's open, it means the screws in the door hinges are loose. Here's a tip: remove the loose screws and then use a wooden matchstick dipped in carpenter's glue to help fill the hole.

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2 bookcase anchor What feature, when added on, will make sure your books don't go tumbling down?
Bookcase anchor
Bookcases or other heavier standalone objects in your house should be anchored to the wall, in case anything happens that could make them tip over. Many types of anchors are available, and they must be attached to wall studs.
Rope
Flat bar
Command hook

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20 Studfinder This basic tool will help you determine where your bookshelf anchor goes. What is it?
Hammer
Screwdriver
Stud finder
If you are mounting something on the wall or need to secure a bookcase to the wall, a stud finder is a great tool to have. It will help keep things in place and keep you from having 12 nail holes in the wall!
Hand saw

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8 chimney flue GettyImages-911819218 What is the opening in a chimney called?
Chimney
Exhaust
Flue
The pipe, duct or opening in a chimney is called the flue. A flue is used to get rid of exhaust gases from the fireplace, furnace or water heater. Be sure your chimney flue is clean before lighting a fire in your fireplace.
Cold

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16 bay window GettyImages-154925062 What is this special type of window called, that projects outward from the house?
Circular window
Slider window
Oxeye window
Bay window
The bay window is often the centerpiece of the home, both from the inside and the outside. It may look upon a delightful vista or may be a key gathering space in the home.

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24 roof vent 251916 This plays a crucial part in cooling down the attic, but what is it?
Air conditioner
Roof vent
This may come as a shock to some, but roofs need ventilation. An attic can get very hot, so roof vents allow some of that heat to escape.
Gutters
Downspout

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28 toilet seat GettyImages-184967347 A new one of these can make a world of difference, but what is it?
Toilet seat
A loose toilet seat can be a simple fix, as you may just need to open up the plastic snap-shut lid at the back of the toilet seat. Tightening those bolts may fix the issue. Otherwise, a new toilet seat may be needed, and that's an easy replacement also.
Chair
Plunger
Drain-o

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22 Down spout GettyImages-87609635 Every house has these and they play a crucial role, but what are they called?
Downspouts
A downspout is a tube that is connected to the gutters. This downspout is what directs the water down from inside the gutters and away from the home's foundation.
Gutters
Hoses
Metal pipes

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30 Breaker box GettyImages-171109644 All the power in the house runs through this, but what is it called?
Power source
Breaker box
The breaker box is also known as the electrical panel. Electricity runs into the breaker box and then it is split into separate circuits throughout the house.
Electrical outlet
Power switch

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27 water supply lines In your basement or crawl space, what do we call these pipes?
Supply lines
Supply lines bring water into your house. Some of it gets sent directly to the water heater and then it is returned to the supply lines for you to use.
American lines
Front of the line
Back of the line

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12 Inglenook GettyImages-157503964 What do you call that cozy little sitting area around a fireplace?
Pantry
Inglenook
The inglenook was made popular during the Middle Ages, but gained popularity again in the late 19th century. It is an area near a fireplace, often including a bench, which gave the person cooking or tending the fire a chance to sit down.
Great room
Living room

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25 door bumper This little-noticed item keeps your door from slamming into the wall. Do you know what it's called?
Bumper
Lock bump
Door stop
The door stop prevents a door from slamming into the wall when it's opened forcefully. Door stops come in all shapes and sizes - they can blend in or be decorative.
Door hitch

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32 Bathtub drain GettyImages-78034619 Do you know this area of a bathtub, which can get filled with hair?
Drain
You never realize how much hair comes off of you until you see it all in the drain, which causes it to clog up. That's why you need to bring out a snake and pull that gunk out every once in a while.
Shower head
Faucet
Shower curtain

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26 shingles GettyImages-653170362 What items are placed on a roof to prevent leaks?
L-guard
Metal dividers
Shingles
Shingles are often made of asphalt because of its waterproof properties. Other roofing materials are slate and wood. Flashing is placed under shingles at roof intersections for extra security.
Flushing

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29 range hood GettyImages-494358353 This is a necessary part of the kitchen, especially if you are a bad cook. What is this device called?
Range hood
A range hood is also known as an exhaust hood or extractor hood. It contains a mechanical fan and hangs above the stove. The purpose of the range hood is to remove fumes, smoke and heat while cooking.
Ceiling fan
Smoke detector
Fire extinguisher

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31 Baseboard GettyImages-157640490 Found on interior walls, what are these wooden or vinyl strips called?
Baseboards
Baseboards can be found covering the lowest part of a home's interior walls. They are normally made of wood or vinyl. They cover the joint between the wall surface and the floor.
Boot kickers
Paneling
Treble moulding

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40 fire escape GettyImages-870992144 There's a fire! What do you use to get out?
Fire escape
Apartment buildings, especially in major cities, are required to have fire escapes for tenants on upper floors. Fire escapes were introduced during industrialization to keep tenants safe in new, large apartment buildings. Even if you don't have or need a fire escape, having a plan in case of an emergency is important! Also, install smoke detectors.
Front door
Ladder
Rope ladder

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34 Crawl space If your house doesn't have a basement, it most likely has this area, which is called what?
Dirty area
Muddy area
Crawl space
You can find a crawl space under some homes, below the first floor. There is no basement in these homes, so this one- to three-foot-high area allows someone to crawl around and access plumbing and electrical lines.
Foundation area

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18 Mantel GettyImages-155354090 This area over the fireplace might hold stockings or picture frames. What is it called?
Chimney
Hearth
Mantel
The mantel sits above the fireplace and can be a great decorative centerpiece of a home. But did you know that it was originally created to catch smoke from the fire, the way hoods now do in kitchens?
Accent Wall

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39 pantry GettyImages-936725926 Usually right off the kitchen, this room can help when cupboard space is low. What is this room called?
Closet
Food area
Pantry
A pantry is an area used to store food that doesn't need to be refrigerated, and sometimes dishes, cleaning products and linens. It's usually a closet of sorts.
Overflow kitchen

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23 tin ceiling What metal was often used as a ceiling?
Aluminum
Iron
Silver
Tin
Tin ceilings had elaborate patterns and used to be sold door-to-door by traveling salesmen. Copper ceilings were also popular. You can still find these ceilings in some homes today, though they are rarely seen in new construction.

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19 Fanlight GettyImages-172720194 What window, sometimes found above a front door, is in the shape of a common Japanese item?
Dindow
Window door
Fanlight
A fanlight happens to be that semicircle window that is sometimes found above a door or other windows. The name comes from the resemblance of the fanlight to a geisha accessory.
Door plaque

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14 gablet You may have seen this on a rooftop, but do you know what it's called?
Tablet
Fable
Gablet
A small gable is also called a gablet, and it normally appears at the peak of a roof with four sloping sides. A gablet is also the triangular top set over a dormer window.
Bargeboard

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38 Valance GettyImages-157615411 Let's talk window treatments. What's the name of that thing that goes over the window to hide the blinds or curtain rod?
Drape
Blackout
Valance
A valance is used to hide the window blinds when they're pulled up or to cover unsightly curtain rods. It's a small detail that can add some sophistication to a home.
Blanker

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1 sink caulk GettyImages-78057020 We all know what a sink is, but what's that rubbery layer on the edge of it called?
Cement
Rubber band
Caulk
That area where the sink meets the wall or floor is sealed with caulk - it's the gel or rubbery line. This helps prevents leaking. Caulk wears out over time, though, so edges need to be re-caulked every few years.
Tape

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17 lintel GettyImages-162287462 The top of a door or window has a name. Do you know what it is?
Ladle
Lintel
The lintel is a support for a door or window that can also serve as decor. The lintel spreads a load out to the surrounding walls as well.
Louden
Lantel

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21 Scullery A small kitchen near another kitchen? Yes, but what is it called?
Pantry
Mudroom
Scullery
A scullery is essentially a small kitchen - a room in the house that is normally used for washing dishes or clothes. It is considered to be an overflow kitchen.
Hallway

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37 Milk_delivery_door_-_exterior What household feature, rarely in use anymore, once played an important role in feeding a household?
Wheat box
Milk box
Milk boxes used to be a standard in suburban homes across the United States. The box was constructed in a wall of the home and had an opening on the outside, where the milk would be delivered.
Butter box
Water cooler

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36 arch keystone GettyImages-87651917 This sometimes decorative stone is what supports an arch. Do you know what it's called?
Keystone
The keystone sits at the center of an arch, supporting the curved structure. While it isn't always larger than other stones or decorated, many architects make it a focal point of their design.
Topstone
Wedgestone
Central stone

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33 ceiling joist GettyImages-78403951 These items hold up your ceiling, but do you know what they're called?
Rafters
Wood blocks
Walls
joists
Ceiling joists are those long pieces of wood that connect the outside walls together. They have multiple purposes, as they also help secure the bottom ends of the rafters and support the ceiling materials for the rooms below.

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35 carbon monoxide alarm GettyImages-911721176 This alarm helps detect an otherwise invisible, odorless gas that can kill. What's it called?
Carbon dioxide detector
Double nitrogen detector
Carbon monoxide detector
Carbon monoxide is a gas that can be hard to detect because it has no odor. It can build up in a home due to a running car engine or a faulty heating system.
Smoke alarm

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9 Clerestory GettyImages-87797179 Often seen in churches, some homes are equipped with this feature. What is it called?
Stained-glass windows
Clerestory
In some homes, you may see a clerestory, which is a bank of windows above eye level. They are usually added to enhance the home's natural light and add some warmth to the interior.
Attic
Window pane

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