Can you tell a John Deere from a New Holland, or Caterpillar from a Kubota? Are you able to identify a tractor's year, make and horsepower from a single image? If so, you might have what it takes to ace this quiz!
The development of the tractor changed not only agriculture, but society and the entire economy. Before this modern machine was widely used, farmers plowed and harvested using teams of horses and mules. The work was time-intensive, labor-intensive and expensive.
By the time gas-powered tractors came around in the early 20th century, America was poised for a change. England had undergone an Industrial Revolution a century earlier, and the U.S. had its own switch from rural to city life starting in the mid-to-late 19th century.
Yet there were still plenty of farms to tend, and mouths to feed, which meant many people still worked the land as their ancestors had done. The widespread use of the tractor meant fewer hands needed on the farm. As tractor manufacturing grew from 2,000 units to more than half a million units between 1900 and 1950, agricultural efficiency increased dramatically. This meant more people free to work in factories and grow the economy, and also reduced in lower food costs across the country.
Think you can tell one tractor from another with a single glance? Take our quiz to find out!
Introduced to the public in 1965, the Ford 3000 is a farm tractor that was designed and produced by the automotive company of the same name. The Ford 3000 was a part of the “Thousand Series” of tractors that was produced by Ford as a direct upgrade to the older “Hundred Series”
The International Harvester 1066 is a farm tractor that was designed and produced from 1971 to 1976 by International Tractor. During its six-year production cycle, over 50,000 units have been sold. The durability of the International Harvester 1066 has allowed many of this model to still be in use today.
One of the most iconic tractors in the world, the John Deere 4020 is a farm tractor that was designed and produced by John Deere from 1964 to 1972. During its production lifetime, over 184,000 John Deere 4020s were produced and it was undeniably the most popular tractor of its time.
The Ford N-Series 2N is the direct product of countless revisions of the Ford N-Series 9N. The Ford N-Series 2N was designed and finally launched by Ford in 1942 and featured a pressurized radiator and a larger cooling fan, among other improvements.
The Big Bud 747 (also known as the 16V-747 Big Bud) is not a tractor that has seen mass production. It is instead a custom-built farm tractor (constructed in 1977) that is lauded as the “World’s Largest Farm Tractor”. This giant is approximately twice as big as the largest production tractors.
While the design process took place earlier, the actual production cycle for the Ford N-Series 8N began in July of 1947. It featured a 4-speed transmission instead of a 3-speed in the 9N and 2N. During its production lifetime, the Ford N-Series 8N was arguably the bestselling individual tractor of all time.
The Valmet 361 D was the third diesel tractor that was designed and produced by Valmet. By this time, the European tractor manufacturer had improved its design skills to be able to contend with the global industry. It had the ability to lift up to 1,200 kg.
The Fortschritt ZT 300 is a series of 20-kN-tractors that were produced from 1967 to 1984. The Fortschritt ZT 307 was a direct upgrade to the ZT 305 that featured a more powerful engine – the four-cylinder engine was replaced with a six-cylinder engine.
The Massey-Harris Model 81 – which was introduced to replace the General GG – was a two-plow small-farm tractor built by Massey-Harris (known later on as Massey Ferguson) from 1941-1948. This farm tractor was offered in standard-tread and row-crop versions; and operated using kerosene.
Designed by International Harvester as a part of the Farmall brand, the Farmall M is a row crop tractor that was produced from 1932 to 1952. At the time, the Farmall M was the largest row crop tractor that had ever been created by International Harvester.
The entire Fortschritt ZT 300 series was produced between 1967 and 1984, with their primary similarity being that they were 20-kN-tractors. The Fortschritt ZT 403 was tangentially related to this series of tractors, serving as an upgrade to the ZT 303 with a more powerful engine.
A competent machine in its own right, the Mitsubishi R2000 is a farm tractor – specifically used primarily as a rice field tractor – which was in limited production in the 1970s. It was the middle child in the R series, between the R1500 and the R2500.
The second production farm tractor that was designed by Allis-Chalmers, the Allis-Chalmers Model 6-12 was manufactured between 1918 and 1923. This farm tractor prided itself as being one of the earliest relatively successful attempts at an inexpensive and versatile general-purpose tractor.
With a production lifetime that only spanned two years, the John Deere 435 could be considered to be a relatively rare tractor with the small amount that have survived to this day. The John Deere 435 was produced from 1959 to 1960 and only 4.626 units were made in that time.
The RS01 Pioneer is probably most notable for holding the title of being the very first tractor that was designed and created in East Germany. The production of this farm tractor started in 1949 and continued until 1958. The RS01 Pioneer is based primarily on the FAMO XL, a pre-World War II European tractor.
The Allis-Chalmers Model WC was a farm tractor that was designed and produced by Allis-Chalmers from 1933 to 1948. The Allis-Chalmers Model WC is arguably the best-selling tractor model that Allis-Chalmers has ever built.
The definition of an “oldie but a goodie," the Allis-Chalmers Model B is an iconic tractor that had a lengthy 20-year long production lifespan – ranging from 1937 to 1957. The Allis-Chalmers Model B is widely regarded as one of the most loved tractors of its era and is also one of the bestselling Allis-Chalmers tractors – with more than 125,000 units sold.
Initially released in 2007, the John Deere 9630 is a farm tractor that is designed and manufactured by John Deere. The John Deere 9630 is notable for being one of the largest production tractors in the world, with an operating weight of almost 40,000 lbs.
Although Lamborghini had been designing and producing tractors for several years at this point, in 1968 (due to lucrative sales figures) they started to focus on both the technical quality of their models and their overall production volumes as well. These factors led to the creation of the high-power Lamborghini Trattori R. 480.
The Lanz Bulldog D 9506 is a farm tractor that belongs to the HR 8 series that was produced by Heinrich Lanz AG. The Lanz Bulldog D 9506 was produced in Mannheim, Germany from 1934 to 1955 but experienced a stoppage in production from 1944 to 1945 due to complications from World War II.
The original Fortschritt ZT 300 is the base model of the entire ZT 300 series that was designed and produced by Traktorenwerk Schönebeck. The ZT 300 has a maximum lifting force of a lifting force of 17.65 kN, a reliably hydraulic system and three-point linkage.
The RS02 Brocken Witch (known in German as the RS02 Brockenhexe) is probably most notable for being a frameless tractor. Almost 2000 units were produced, in the production cycle that lasted from 1949 to 1952, both with and without a cab.
The design process for the Allis-Chalmers ED 40 took a relatively long time; however, it was finally introduced publicly in 1960. The Allis-Chalmers ED 40 is notable for being first and foremost a functional row crop tractor, that also had features that allowed it to be classified as a “universal” farm tractor as well.
The Ford N-Series 9N is the very first tractor in the Ford N-Series as well as also the first tractor to have a rear power take off and a three-point hitch. The original 9N engine was a four-cylinder engine that was designed to be primarily powered by distillate fuels.
The Fordson E27N Major served as a direct upgrade to the Fordson N series of tractors. Although it was noted to have the same transmission and engine as the N series, the Fordson E27N Major had a hydraulic lift unit and a PTO.
The Massey-Harris Model 101 was a farm tractor that was designed and built by Massey-Harris from 1938 to 1946. The Massey-Harris Model 101 featured adjustable rear wheel spacing and rear wheel brakes, as well as four-speed transmission – capable of reaching up to 20 mph.
The Stalinets 60 was a popular farm tractor that was produced in Russia by the Chelyabinsk Tractor Factory from 1937 to 1941. The Stalinets 60 is notable for not only being used for agricultural purposes but also by the military for towing large loads as well.
John Deere MC (referred to lovingly as "Johnny Popper" because of its distinctive sound) is a crawl type tractor that was manufactured by John Deere from 1949 to 1952. It is notable for being the first crawl type tractor that was manufactured by John Deere.
Designed and produced in 1959, the John Deere 730 served as a direct upgrade to the John Deere 720. The John Deere 730 featured an arguably sleeker body in terms of aesthetics and had features such as power steering and a 24-volt electric starter motor.
The Ford NAA Tractor (sometimes casually referred to as simply the Ford NAA) is a brand new model of tractor that was introduced by Ford in 1953. The Ford NAA Tractor was lovingly nicknamed the “Golden Jubilee” and featured a 50th-year Golden Jubilee badging.
While many of the tractors in International Harvester’s letter series were significantly popular in their own right, one distinctly stands above the rest in terms of total units produced – the Farmall H. From 1939 to 1953, over 390,000 Farmall H units were produced.
The John Deere DB120 is an agricultural planter tractor that was designed and produced in 2009. The John Deere DB120 is notable for being the largest production planter tractor in the world (at the time of its release to the public). It features a 120 ft. wide tool bar and has the ability to plant 48 rows that are 30 inches apart
The John Deere 5220 is an agricultural tractor that was designed and produced by John Deere from 2000 to 2004. It was designed primarily for farming use but has also seen light residential use as well and has even been utilized as an all-purpose utility tractor in several instances.
The Massey-Harris Model 20 was a two-plow tractor that was designed and produced by Massey-Harris from 1946 to 1948. The Massey-Harris Model 20 was initially planned as a means of commemorating the company’s 100th anniversary in 1947. Some critics complained about the Model 20 being too similar (almost identical) to the earlier Model 81.
The Allis-Chalmers 190XT (also referred to sometimes as the One-Ninety XT) is a row crop tractor that was designed and produced by Allis Chalmers from 1964 to 1971. The Allis-Chalmers 190XT tractors were primarily meant to be powered by diesel fuel; however, a few models capable of using gasoline and LP gas were made.
While Porsche may be more well known for their sports cars (and even their sedans and SUVs), the German automobile manufacturer has historically produced tractors as well. The Porsche Junior was manufactured from 1952 to 1963 and was powered by an air-cooled 14 hp 822 cc, single-cylinder diesel engine.
The John Deere 4010 was a farm tractor that was designed and produced by the John Deere Company from 1960 to 1963. The 4010 served as the centerpiece of the new 10 series (also known as the “New Generation” or “New Generation of Power”) which was made up of four and six-cylinder tractors that replaced the previous two-cylinder tractors.
The Lamborghini Trattori L 33 is a farm tractor the was design end produced by Lamborghini Trattori in 1951. The most notable thing about the Lamborghini Trattori L 33 is the fact that it was the first production tractor that was made entirely by Lamborghini.
Once the mid-1950s rolled around, the outdated aspects of the popular Ursus C-45 were beginning to have an impact on its standing in the industry. As a result, the Ursus C-451 was birthed from significant modifications made to the Ursus C-45. A better fan, a canvas cab, starting gasoline fuel injection, and a surface-hardened crankshaft, were among the improvements that were made.
Produced during the early 1920s, the Prairie Queen 8-16 tractor was a relatively short lived farm tractor that actually made use of a Gray Motor Company Victory engine. Sadly, the Prairie Queen 8-16 saw very limited production with conflicting reports about the exact number made – none of them have been reported to have survived to this day.
The Allis-Chalmers Model G is a small implement carrier tractor that was designed and manufactured by the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company from 1948 to 1955. During its production lifespan, over 29,000 units were made, which is actually significantly less than the company’s estimated projections.
The John Deere 3020 is a farm tractor that was designed and produced by John Deere, from 1964 to 1972, as part of its “New Generation” series. Many reports and consumers criticized the John Deere 3020 as a marketing ploy at the time, since it was actually nearly identical to the John Deere 3010 model that it was supposed to be replacing.
The RT-M-160 is a farm tractor that has been designed and produced by Uralvagonzavod – a Russian machine builing company and the largest main battle tank manufacturer in the world – since 2004. The company has stated that the tractor is specifically designed for cropping, harvesting, cargo hauling, and general farming operations.
The Rumely Oil Pull Type F is a part of the Rumely Oil Pull line for farm tractors that were designed and developed by the Advance-Rumely Company. Produced from 1910 to 1930, the Rumely Oil Pull Type F is without a doubt the most popular model made by the company
The Farmall 1026 is a farm tractor (more specifically a row crop tractor) that was designed and produced by International Harvester only from 1970 to 1971. Since the production of this tractor only spanned two years, the amound that were produced is understandably relatively low – with approximately only 2,500 being made.
Before the 1960s, Lamborghini Trattori had already been seeing success with their extensive line of farm tractors. The Lamborghini Trattori 2R DT came into being in 1962, and was marketed on the achievements of having both four-wheel drive and an air-cooled engine.
The Ferguson TE20 is an agricultural tractor designed by Harry Ferguson in 1946 and produced by the Ferguson Company from 1946 to 1956. The Ferguson TE20 is widely lauded as being Harry Ferguson’s most successful design and today it is considered a prized collector’s item by many enthusiasts.
While it may not be as well-known or as celebrated as many of the other tractors on this list, the Porsche-Diesel Super was actually able to perform on par (and even outperform many others) with many farm tractors in its day. Designed and produced in the 1950s, the Porsche-Diesel Super featured an air-cooled engine.
The Stalinets 65 was a relative of the Stalinets 60 and was similarly a common farm tractor that was produced in Russia by the Chelyabinsk Tractor Factory. The like the Stalinets 60, the 65 was used for both agricultural purposes and military purposes (notably for towing heavy guns).
The Ursus C-45 is a popular model of Polish tractors that was manufactured in Warsaw by the Ursus Factory. This production lifespan with the Ursus Factory spanned from 1947 t0 1959 and then the tractor was subsequently produced by Zakłady Mechaniczne from 1960 to 1965.