Can You Match the Hunting Prey to Its Habitat?

By: John Miller
Estimated Completion Time
1 min
Can You Match the Hunting Prey to Its Habitat?
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Successful hunts mean understanding your prey's life cycle. You could spend a lifetime roaming the Rocky Mountains in search of an African lion, but your hunt will always be in vain. Can you match these animals to their habitats?
Ringneck pheasant
fields and fence rows
Pheasants are drawn to crops like corn and soybeans. You'll find them scurrying through fields an in brush nearby. On sunny winter days, you may find them basking in the sun's rays for warmth.
dense forest
mountain foothills

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Turkey
lakes
desert
forests and grassland
Wild turkeys in North America love a combination of forest and grassland. Trees are critical to turkeys because they roost high in the branches at night, far from the claws of predators.

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Whitetail deer
mountain peaks
fields and forests
Whitetail deer are adaptable, but they really thrive in a mixture of fields, forests and pastureland. They need adequate food sources for their big appetites and plenty of water, too.
open soybean fields

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Polar bear
swamp
deep mountain forests
open spaces near ice
Found only in the Arctic, polar bears roam ice edges looking for open water. These are the places that the bears' favorite prey -- like seals -- surface for air.

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Canada goose
mountains
marshes
Canada geese are waterfowl, so they prefer lakes and marshes for feeding, breeding and nesting. Savvy hunters often build blinds in marshes to conceal their presence.
forests

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Mule deer
jungle
swamps
mountain foothills and scrubland
Common to the Western United States, mule deer are found in agricultural areas and in the mountains. They can survive in scrubland and also higher up on the sides of rocky mountains, too.

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Mallard duck
sea islands
desert
bogs
Mallard duck are a type of waterfowl that loves marshes and bogs. But as any city dweller can attest, these common ducks are right at home in city parks, too. Note to self: Don't hunt ducks in city parks unless you want to get arrested.

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Elk
mountain forests
There are around 1 million elk in the U.S. and Canada. They can survive in many locations but they especially thrive in mountain forests.
Florida swamps
Texas desert

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Bobwhite quail
dense snow banks
foothills and mountain peaks
grasslands and field edges
Bobwhite quail are a tough species, and they are right home in grasslands. They really like grassy spots near fields that are full of food.

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African lion
mountain peaks
grasslands
Most African lions live in sub-Saharan areas of this continent. They prefer sparse woods and open grasslands, and they roam a territory of around 100 square miles.
Iowa

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Moose
forests and swamps
The moose is a fan of dense forests and swampy bogs. And they despise heat, so they're mostly found in cooler climates.
mountain peaks
deserts

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Black bear
scrubland
desert
dense forest
Black bears make their homes in dense forests, which are often at their thickest near mountainous areas. They need a lot of vegetation and fruits in order to survive.

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Wild boar
desert
forests
Wild boars are found in a lot of ecosystems, but their populations really take off in deciduous forests. The denser the forests, the better.
mountains

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Pronghorn antelope
forests
mountains
open grasslands and desert
Pronghorn antelope use their keen eyesight and speed to evade predators. In open grasslands and deserts, they can see potential predators coming from a long way off and then run away.

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Grizzly bear
Arctic ice floes
high mountain peaks
open plains and forests
Grizzly bears are found in a variety of habitats, from open plains to forests. They are ominvores and they congregate in areas with ample supplies of berries, vegetation and fish.

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Cougar
New York City
swamps to mountains
Cougars are also called mountain lions, and they are incredibly adaptable, making their home in swamps and mountains alike. Sometimes they even wander into cities.
Arctic tundra

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Bighorn sheep
forests
mountain slopes
Bighorn sheep rely on their climbing ability to dodge predators. They spend much of their time roaming mountain slopes and alpine meadows.
swamps

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Gray wolf
swamps
tundra
forests and mountains
The gray wolf is best suited to forests and mountains, where it can track and attack prey, but you'll find some in desert environments, too. They are crafty … and wise enough to avoid humans.

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Raccoon
mountain slopes
desert
forests
Raccoons, as you already know, can survive in city sewers and dumpsters if they have to. But they evolved to survive mostly in forested areas, where they can make dens in hollow trees.

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Squirrel
desert
Arctic tundra
almost anywhere
There are a lot of species of squirrels, and they are robust creatures. They make their homes everywhere except very cold polar regions and dry deserts.

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Caribou
mountain peaks
desert
tundra
Caribou travel in massive herds across the treeless tundra of the north. Adult animals can weigh around 400 pounds.

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Mourning dove
swamps
grassland
The mourning dove is a widespread animal that really prefers grasslands and sparse woods. They do not like swamps and thick forests.
dense forest

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Mountain goat
swamps
cropland
alpine areas
Mountain goats are among nature's best climbers. They scramble up rocky mountain slopes, sometimes up to 10,000 feet high, just hanging out and avoiding predators and people.

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Snipe
desert
dense forest
marshes
Snipe hunting is sometimes treated as a practical joke, as if the birds don't really exist. But they do exist -- they're found mostly in wet areas like marshes or grasslands near lakes.

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Ruffed grouse
mixed forests
The ruffed grouse prefers a mix of forests and mountainous areas. In the western U.S., a lot of them display very little fear of humans and thus aren't much of a challenge to hunt.
desert
mountain tops

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African buffalo
dense forests
tundra
swamps
African buffalo are particularly fond of swamp areas and floodplains, but they'll roam into sparse forests, too. They love dense cover, one reason they can be difficult to hunt.

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Bobcat
Arctic areas
mostly desert
from swamps to mountains
Bobcats are like raccoons -- they can survive nearly anywhere. But because they're nocturnal and extremely elusive, they are very hard targets. Many people live their whole lives without spotting a bobcat.

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American bison
grasslands
The American bison has been eliminated from much of its range. But left to their own devices, they do very well in open grasslands where they can forage all day.
deep forests
mountains

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Prairie chicken
swamps
grasslands
As the name implies, the prairie chicken does best in open grasslands. But as cropland tears up more and more native prairie, these animals have fewer places to call home.
forests

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Rock ptarmigan
mountains
The rock ptarmigan prefers tundra and high, rocky mountains. They are a very popular game species in places like Alaska.
desert
forests

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