Can You Match the Leaf to the Tree?

By: Tasha Moore

Can You Match the Leaf to the Tree?
Image: Pixabay / StockSnap

About This Quiz

Trees are so important, yet we often take them for granted. Without them, we wouldn't be able to breathe ... seriously. Trees and plants produce the planet's supply of oxygen through a vital process called photosynthesis, just in case you didn't know. There are numerous types of trees in the world, not just big ones and little ones. Even among the same tree families, there are abundant appreciable differences. Tree leaf characteristics are as distinctive as fingerprints or snowflakes to the trained eye. For those of you who know the difference between a petiole and a stipule, or a simple leaf and a compound leaf, consider this quiz a refresher.

You needn't be a trained botanist to appreciate the subtle attributes of tree leaves. Here is a quiz that tests everyone's knowledge of trees and the leaves they ultimately shed. Brush up on tree names, learn about native locations and ideal planting conditions. Did you know that certain trees produce toxins that can harm animals and humans? This quiz will also provide hints about Christmas trees with the sturdiest branches for your kid's massive homemade ornaments and the best aromatic leaves that you can grind and infuse into a love potion.

American Chestnut During the Christmas holiday, you will usually find plenty of which tree's edible nuts roasting on an open fire?
Yellow Birch
Butternut
American Chestnut
Up until the turn of the century, the American Chestnut tree dominated landscapes of the Eastern United States. The leaves of the American Chestnut tree are typically canoe-shaped.
Black Locust

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Sycamore Which tree that bears this leaf also goes by the name "Buttonwood"?
Shadbush
Sycamore
The veins of the Sycamore leaf sprout from a single point. Native Americans relied heavily on the Sycamore tree, especially for medicinal purposes.
Sassafras
Scarlet Oak

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Northern Red Oak Which tree is associated with this leaf and is a symbol for the state of New Jersey?
Black Oak
Chestnut Oak
White Oak
Northern Red Oak
The Northern Red Oak, or Quercus rubra, grows as tall as 90 feet in open spaces. Its grown branches form a shapely rounded crown.

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Black Ash What type of tree grows this leaf? The largest of its kind grows in North Dakota.
Black Walnut
Black Locust
Black Willow
Black Ash
The largest Black Ash tree in North Dakota grows as tall as 66 feet. It requires ample water, and can flourish in partial or full sunlight.

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Eastern White Pine Which tree bears this leaf and has the scientific name Pinus strobus?
White Spruce
White Ash
White Oak
Eastern White Pine
The Eastern White Pine tree can grow as high as 150 feet tall. This popular conifer reigns as one of the biggest trees of its type in the Midwest forest region.

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Eastern Hemlock This leaf is associated with which tree that has flat needles and yields some of the smallest cones of its classification?
Eastern Redcedar
Eastern White Pine
Eastern Hemlock
The signature flat green needles of the Eastern Hemlock tree are glossy on the top and dull on the bottom. The bark of the Eastern Hemlock contains tannins which are used to produce leather.
Eastern Cottonwood

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American Elm Which tree produces leaves that are oval-shaped with saw-toothed edges?
American Larch
American Elm
Before the virulent spread of Dutch elm disease, the American Elm tree was once the most common tree in America. This tree starts to bear seeds after 15 years.
American Hornbeam
American Hophornbeam

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Red Spruce Which "red" tree grows needles, one per node?
Red Spruce
The bark of the Red Spruce tree is reddish brown. The Red Spruce grows single needles compared to pine trees, which produce needles in clusters.
Red Pine
Red Maple
Northern Red Oak

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Crack Willow These leaves grow from which tree, named for the sound its branches often make when they fall to the ground?
Beaked Willow
Bebb Willow
Bay Willow
Crack WIllow
The Crack Willow's oblong-shaped leaves are finely toothed with pointy ends. Crack Willow trees that grow near rivers help to control soil erosion.

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Crab Apple This leaf is grown from which tree that has these three subspecies: American Sweet, Narrowleaf and Prairie?
Crab Apple
Crab apple trees produce the sweet and spicy fruit used to make jellies, apple cider and preserves. Over 30 species of crab apple exist.
Wild Cherry
Strawberry Tree
American Plum

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European Yew Which tree produces this leaf and contains alkaloids that are poisonous to humans?
European Yew
There are many horticultural varieties of the European Yew. Japanese Yew, Irish Yew and Evergreen Yew are among the most popular.
European Beech
European Black Pine
European Larch

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Alpine Larch "Lyall Larch" is another name for the type of larch tree that produces this leaf.
American Larch
Japanese Larch
Alaska Larch
Alpine Larch
Larch trees tend to flourish in cool temperatures. There are only 10 species of larch trees that exist, mostly in cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

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Smooth-leaved Elm "Field Elm" is another name for which tree that produces this leaf?
Wych Elm
Smooth-leaved Elm
The wood of the elm tree is water resistant and quite durable. It is commonly used to make boats, furniture and coffins.
Slippery Elm
American Elm

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Turkey Oak The leaf of this tree is said to resemble a turkey's foot.
Alligator Tree
Bird Cherry
Turkey Oak
The Turkey Oak tree grows up to about 30 feet tall. Its reddish-gray dense bark is often used for fuel.
Pignut Hickory

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Apache Pine The pine tree that produces this leaf is also called "Arizona Longleaf Pine."
Rocky Mountain Bristlecone Pine
Loblolly Pine
Apache Pine
The Apache Pine tree is located within a limited area, within the southwest region of the United States and some parts of Mexico. Arizona and New Mexico are the U.S. states where the tree primarily grows.
Austrian Pine

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Fraser Fir The needles of which fir tree have silvery bottoms?
Fraser Fir
The blue-green needles of the Fraser Fir tree are firm and don't shed easily. The tree's resilient needles and stiff branches make it an excellent Christmas tree selection.
Douglas Fir
Grand Fir
Noble Fir

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Sweetgum Which tree blooms this beautiful leaf and doesn't grow as tall as the other gum trees listed here?
Sweetgum
The Sweetgum tree grows to a modest range of 80 to 120 feet in height, and it grows fast. The tree produces flower and fruit at the ripe age of 2025 years.
Manna Gum
Shining Gum
Sydney Blue Gum

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Batai Which tree bears this leaf and is also known as "Moluccan sau"?
Alerce
Baobab
Coolibah
Batai
The Batai tree is native to Southeast Asia. It is a fast-growing tree that flourishes in wet forests.

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Austrian Pine Which tree sprouts this leaf and is native to Yugoslavia and northern Italy?
Norway Spruce
Austrian Pine
The Austrian Pine tree is also native to Austria. Although it has European roots, the tree is extensively planted in midwestern and eastern North America.
Australian Pine
Chinese Camphor Tree

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Big Laurel This leaf of which "big" tree is also called "Bull-bay"?
Bigtooth Aspen
Big Laurel
Although its often referred to as Big Laurel, the tree grows to 40 to 80 feet in height, which is modest compared to popular big trees. Its elliptical-shaped green leaves are smooth and leathery.
Big Leaf Maple
Big Drunk Bean

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Black Poplar What is the name of the "black" tree that grows heart-shaped leaves?
Black Cherry
Black Locust
Black Oak
Black Poplar
The Black Poplar tree is native to the United Kingdom. Its soft-textured wood is often used to manufacture toys and artificial limbs.

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Balsam Poplar Which of these poplar trees sprouts this leaf and is also called "Balm-of-Gilead"?
Tulip Poplar
Balsam Poplar
The branches of the fragrant Balsam Poplar tree are weak. The tree is native to Northern North America.
Blue Poplar
Black Poplar

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Common Hawthorn This leaf belongs to which tree that has thorns on its branches?
Common Hawthorn
The Common Hawthorn tree grows as a small tree or a shrub. It produces small fruits and leaves with serrated edges.
Common Hazel
Common Juniper
Common Whitebeam

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Mexican Juniper Which juniper tree produces this leaf and is also called "Drooping Cedar" or "Weeping Juniper"?
Western Juniper
Mexican Juniper
Mexican Juniper trees exist mainly in parts of Mexico and Guatemala. The tree's leaves secrete an oil that is highly flammable.
Redberry Juniper
Rose-fruited Juniper

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Sugarberry This leaf belongs to which tree that has a bark covered with wart-like bumps?
Winterberry
Sugarberry
In the autumn, the Sugarberry tree produces berries that secrete a sweet viscous substance. The tree's wood is used to produce plywood and athletic equipment.
Southern Hackberry
Soap Berry

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Sweet Chestnut Which chestnut tree has this leaf and can live up to 700 years?
Yellow Chestnut Oak
Sweet Chestnut
The oblong-shaped leaf of the Sweet Chestnut tree boasts parallel veins and a pointed tip. The tree also produces seeds enclosed in prickly green cases.
Horsechestnut
American Chestnut

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American Basswood The tree that produces this leaf is also called "American Linden."
American Basswood
The American Basswood tree is native to the Midwestern United States and New England. The tree has weak, odorless wood that's ideal for packaging food. Native Americans used thin strips of the wood as bandages.
Coast Redwood
Flowering Dogwood
Eastern Cottonwood

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Shagbark Hickory Of all the choices, which tree's leaves or leaflets grow the longest?
Hickory Pine
Bitternut Hickory
Pignut Hickory
Shagbark Hickory
The Shagbark Hickory tree yields alternate leaves on twigs. On each leaf grows five to seven leaflets that can reach eight to 16 inches long.

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Quaking Aspen The flat stem of the leaf from which tree is turned at a right angle?
Trembling Aspen
Largetooth Aspen
Bigtooth Aspen
Quaking Aspen
The peculiar right-angle shape of the Quaking Aspen tree leaf stem allows the tree's leaves to vibrate or quake in the wind. Quaking Aspen's leaves shake like butterfly wings even with the slightest breeze.

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European Beech The tree that bears this leaf is the only beech tree of these choices that is native to Europe.
Carolina Beech
White Beech
American Beech
European Beech
The European Beech tree's leaves have signature wavy margins with five to nine pairs of veins. The leaves are dark-green and glossy with a red tint.

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Southern Blue Gum This leaf belongs to which tree native to Australia?
Yellow Meranti
Silver Fir
Southern Blue Gum
The Southern Blue Gum tree usually grows as tall as 180 feet high. However, there is a Southern Blue Gum tree in Tasmania that reaches 297 feet!
American Green Alder

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Holm Oak Which tree produces this leaf and is native to the Western Mediterranean region?
Sugar Hackberry
Holm Oak
The Holm Oak tree is also called the Holly Oak tree. It typically grows 30 to 60 feet in both height and width.
Angelica
Almond Willow

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California Laurel The leaves of which California tree produce an oil that may be harmful to humans?
California Nutmeg
California Laurel
All parts of the California Laurel tree contain a camphor-like oil, especially the leaves. The volatile oil is an irritant and an insecticide.
California Buckeye
California Blue Oak

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Monterey Cypress The leaves of which tree are greener than the other choices?
Monterey Cypress
The scaly leaves of the Monterey Cypress tree are a medium evergreen color that does not change. The typical lifespan for the Monterey Cypress tree ranges from 40 to 150 years.
Lawson Cypress
Montezuma Cypress
Alaska Cypress

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European Ash The leaves of which tree remain green in autumn before they fall?
Mountain Ash
White Ash
Black Ash
European Ash
Certain cultivars of the European Ash tree turn yellow before they fall in autumn. This tree produces green flowers in the spring.

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False Hemlock Which hemlock tree is actually a Douglas Fir tree?
False Hemlock
The False Hemlock tree is really a Douglas Fir tree, which is not a true fir. The Douglas Fir tree is the official tree of Oregon state.
Hemlock Spruce
Mountain Hemlock
Pacific Hemlock

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Little Walnut Which walnut tree is also called a "Texas Walnut"?
White Walnut
Arizona Walnut
Little Walnut
The Little Walnut tree is found in Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona and Northern Mexico. You will likely find the Little Walnut tree growing near dry, rocky valleys and along hillsides.
Southern California Black Walnut

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Texas Madrone Which tree grows leathery evergreen leaves?
Texas Madrone
The oval-shaped leaf of the Texas Madrone tree is green on the top and light green on the bottom. The leaf's edges are smooth.
White Willow
Paper Birch
Gray Birch

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Water Elm Which tree bears this leaf and is known as "p'e'can" among the Lakota people?
Water White Oak
American Beech
Water Elm
The Water Elm tree is more popularly known as "American Elm." The elm's leaves are oblong-shaped and sprout four to six inches long.
Water Birch

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Sweetbay Magnolia This leaf belongs to which signature tree of the southern United States?
Northern Scrub Pine
Eastern Larch
Sweetbay Magnolia
The Magnolia tree is hugely popular in the southern United States. The Sweetbay Magnolia tree produces an impressive cascade of small creamy-white, lemon-scented flowers that emerge from June through September.
Western Chinkapin

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