Can You Name All 40 Famous Pieces of Sculpture in This Quiz?

By: Marie Hullett

Can You Name All 40 Famous Pieces of Sculpture in This Quiz?
Image: Wiki Commons by Ad Meskens

About This Quiz

Hundreds of years ago, Greek gods and religious iconography largely dominated the art of sculpture, with artists mostly working in bronze or marble. Today, you can find completely abstract creations or larger-than-life surrealist landscapes made with anything, from trash to steel scrap to recycled plastic. While a lot has changed in the evolution of the art, sculpture endures as a way to unify communities, spark conversation and promote public art and freedom of expression. From the grotesque to the astonishingly beautiful, every unique piece serves its purpose in the world. 

Given how ancient the art of sculpture is, there are too many incredible works out there to name. However, there are several hundred which clearly rank among the most well-known (often, for good reason) in history. The following quiz features 40 of such works. So, how much do you know? 

Whether you majored in art history, have visited a number of world-famous museums and galleries, or don't know the difference between "David" and "The Thinker," everyone should try their hand at this test. Are you a novice or basically an art historian? There's only one way to find out! Take a look at the following incredible works to see how much you know. 

Venus of Willendorf Can you identify this tiny piece of ancient art?
"Freedom Sculpture"
"Bust of Nefertiti"
"Aphrodite of Milo"
"Venus of Willendorf"
Standing just over four inches tall, archaeologists discovered this small piece of art in Austria in 1908. Historians estimate that the piece originated somewhere from about 28,000 to 25,000 B.C. Some historians speculate that she was a fertility goddess; others claim that it's a self-portrait made by a woman; others say it was a masturbatory tool. Really, this Old Stone Age relic is anyone's guess.

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The Three Graces What is the title of this famous Neoclassical sculpture?
"The Burghers of Calais" by Auguste Rodin
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
"Apollo and Daphne" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
"The Three Graces" by Antonio Canova
Antonio Canova sculpted this work, which depicts the daughters of Zeus, between 1814 and 1817. The daughters (Euphrosyne, Aglaea and Thalia) were thought to symbolize mirth, elegance and youth. The 6th Duke of Bedford, John Russell, first commissioned a version of the work in the early 19th century.

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Venus de Milo This is one of the most famous pieces of ancient Greek sculpture. Can you name it?
"Nike of Samothrace"
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa"
"Venus de Milo/Aphrodite of Milo"
Historians generally attribute this marble work to Alexandros of Antioch and believe it was crafted some time between 130 and 100 B.C. While some academics think it depicts ancient Grecian sea-goddess Amphitrite, most think it is the goddess of love and beauty, Aphrodite.
"Mlle Pogany"

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Bust of Nefertiti Archaeologists unearthed this stunning sculpture in 1912. Do you know what it's called?
"Pietá"
"Nike of Samothrace"
"Bust of Nefertiti"
The Bust of Nefertiti dates back to around 1345 B.C. Archeologists found it buried within the Amarna ruins, which was the capital city built by Akhenaten, who is perhaps Ancient Egypt's most divisive Pharaoh. Some historians think Queen Nefertiti ruled his kingdom after Akhenaten's death; others think she was King Tut's mother. Her tomb has never been found.
"Venus de Milo"

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Apollo and Daphne Do you think you can guess the title of this 17th century work?
"Pietá" by Michelangelo
"The Kiss" by Auguste Rodin
"Apollo and Daphne" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini created this life-sized marble sculpture between 1622 and 1625. Based on the story "Apollo and Daphne" in Ovid's "Metamorphoses," the Baroque work sits in Rome's Galleria Borghese.
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini

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First Generation This sculpture was unveiled in 2000. Can you correctly identify it?
"People of the River" by Chong Fah Cheong
"Expansion" by Paige Bradley
"First Generation" by Fah Cheong
Sculptor Chong Fah Cheong created this compelling piece in 2000, which stands near the Cavenagh Bride in Singapore. The scene depicts five boys leaping into the river below, once a typical scene in the area.
"The Monument of an Anonymous Passerby" by Kalina

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Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer Can you name the ballerina sculpture pictured here?
"Mlle Pogany" by Constantin Brancusi
"Hang Up" by Eva Hesse
"Little Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer" by Edgar Degas
Edgar Degas began this sculpture of a Belgian student in the Paris Opera Ballet dance school, Marie van Goethem, in 1880. The work was originally crafted in wax and dressed with a real tutu, bodice and ballet slippers; the wig was also real hair. Today, there are 28 bronze repetitions of the statue in museums and galleries all over.
"Fearless Girl" by Kristen Visbal

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Samson Slaying a Philistine Do you know what this marble statue by Giambologna is called?
"Accumulation No 1"
"Cloud Gate"
"Samson Slaying a Philistine"
Francesco de' Medici originally commissioned this sculpture in 1562 for a Florence fountain. In 1623, though, it was gifted to Spain and placed in the Palacio de la Ribera in Valladolid. Soon after, Spain gave it to King Charles I. It eventually became one of England's most famous sculptures and is now displayed in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
"Alexander the Great"

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Statue of Leda and the Swan The artist of this 1st century A.D. work remains unknown, but can you name the title?
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa"
"Statue of Leda and the Swan"
In 1775, archeologists discovered this marble statue in Rome. Though it dates back to the first century, historians think it is a replica of an even earlier Greek statue from the 300s B.C. crafted by Timotheos, a Greek sculptor from 4th century B.C. Today, over 24 replicas can be found all over.
"Nike of Samothrace"
"Venus de Milo"

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The Walking Man This work stands out from the famous artist's other acclaimed pieces. Do you know the title and sculptor?
"The Unknown Official" by Hulda Hákon
"A Day Out" by Marguerite Derricourt
"The Walking Man" by Auguste Rodin
Though he's considered one of the central founders of modern sculpture, most of Auguste Rodin's works, including "The Thinker" and "The Burghers of Calais," tend to stick to traditional methods. "The Walking Man," however, which he made in 1877, rejects conventional style in favor of dynamism and impressionism. It remains unfinished to this day.
"The Age of Bronze" by Auguste Rodin

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Laocoön and His Sons Can you name this serpent-entwined trio?
"The Gates of Hell"
"Laocoön and His Sons"
Archaeologists uncovered "Laocoön and His Sons" in 1506, when it was moved to the Vatican, where it remains today. Originating from around 2nd century B.C., the sculpture stems from the myth of a Trojan priest and his sons murdered by angry sea serpents. As legend has it, Poseidon sent the serpents as revenge after Laocoön tried to expose the secret of the Trojan Horse.
"Apollo Belvedere"
"David"

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Brunswick Lion What is the name of this fierce statue?
"Mlle Pogany"
"Bronze Monument"
"Le Rêve"
"Brunswick Lion"
Often called the "Castle Lion," historians think this bronze casting by an unknown artist was created some time between 1164 and 1176, since that aligns with when Welf duke Henry the Lion resided at Brunswick, Germany. The lion originally sat in the center of the expansive castle complex.

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David This is one of the most iconic sculptures of all time. Can you name it?
Giambologna's "Fiorenza"
Auguste Rodin's "The Thinker"
Michelangelo's "David"
Made between 1501 and 1504, Michelangelo's "David" was originally commissioned as part of a project to decorate Florence, Italy's famous cathedral, the Duomo. But when Michelangelo's six-ton finished product was too heavy for the cathedral roof, it was instead installed at Florence's town hall, Palazzo Vecchio. The Florentine public immediately embraced the High Renaissance artwork and deemed it an emblem of resistance. Accademia Gallery has been the David's home since 1873.
Donatello's "David"

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Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss This sculpture certainly looks romantic. What's it called?
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
"Apollo" by Adriaen de Vries
"Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss" by Antonio Canova
Commissioned in 1787, this marble sculpture is emblematic of the unfolding Romanticism movement. It depicts the god Cupid tenderly awakening the previously lifeless Psyche with a warm embrace. Artist Antonio Canova adapted the story of "Cupid and Psyche" from Latin writer Lucius Apuleius' novel "The Golden Ass."
"Venus Urania" by Giambologna

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Ecstasy of Saint Teresa What is the name of this angelic-looking work of art?
"Venus Urania" by Giambologna
"Apollo" by Adriaen de Vries
"Madonna of Bruges" by Michelangelo
"Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" by Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini created the "Ecstasy of Saint Teresa" between 1647 and 1652. Considered a formative example of High Roman Baroque style, Bernini made it for the Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria. Like many Baroques of the period, it possessed ties to the Counter-Reformation movement, in which the Catholic Church attempted to reify its notoriety against the rise of Protestantism. The work features the Spanish nun and mystic Saint Teresa of Ávila, who recounted her meeting with an angel.

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The Lion of Lucerne An artist created this lion sculpture in 1820. Do you know what it's called?
"Paris"
"The Lion of Lucerne"
Artist Bertel Thorvaldsen designed this rock relief and Lukas Ahorn carved it. The statue memorializes the Swiss Guards who died in the French Revolution. Mark Twain called the sculpture "the most mournful and moving piece of stone in the world."
"Kali"
"Dama Velata"

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Perseus with the Head of Medusa What is this 18th century work of art called?
"Dying Gladiator" by Pierre Julien
"Ceres" by Adriaen de Vries
"Barberini Faun" by Unknown
"Perseus with the Head of Medusa" by Antonio Canova
Antonio Canova made two versions of this Neo-Classical sculpture between 1757 and 1822. The marble structures depict the Greek hero Perseus and stand at the Vatican in Rome and the Metropolitan Museum of Art's European Sculpture Court.

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Pietá This is another famous piece by Michelangelo. Can you correctly identify it?
"La Paix de Nimègue"
"The Deposition"
"Mercury"
"Pietá"
"The Pietá" features Jesus laid across the lap of Mary post-Crucifixion. Crafted between 1498 and 1499, the statue was originally commissioned for the funeral monument of French Cardinal Jean de Bilhères before it was moved to St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, in the 18th century.

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The Chicago Picasso Do you know the name of this iconic statue?
"Accumulation No 1"
"Stack"
"The Chicago Picasso"
Picasso's 50-foot tall and 162 ton statue was unveiled in 1967 in Chicago's Daley Plaza. The Cubist sculpture has become a well-known city landmark, and you can often find visitors climbing on it like a jungle gym.
"Guitar"

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The Thinker You've probably seen this one before. Do you know what it's called?
"Neptune" by Adriaen de Vries
"The Thinker" by Auguste Rodin
French sculptor Auguste Rodin made 28 life-size versions of the famous bronze sculpture "The Thinker" over the course of his career. Rodin originally made the piece out of plaster in 1881, and it sat at the tympanum at "The Gates of Hell." It was originally called "The Poet" and meant to represent Dante. Today, it is often viewed as a symbol of philosophy.
"Hercules" by Bartolommeo Bandinelli
"Mercury" by Adriaen de Vries

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Tilted Spheres Constructed of four steel plates, this piece can be found in Toronto's airport. Can you name it?
"Brillo Box" by Andy Warhol
"Tilted Spheres" by Richard Serra
Richard Serra was a Post-minimalist artist who resisted traditional Minimalism's use of clean, linear lines. The laws of gravity were integral to Serra's work, and were also likely why a few of his pieces accidentally collapsed. The wall's precarious positioning directly contrasts its stark leadenness.
"Hang up" by Eva Hesse
"Accumulation No 1" by Yayoi Kusama

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Diana Can you identify this monumental work?
"Diana" by August Saint-Gaudens
Also called "Diana of the Tower," sculptor August Saint-Gaudens formed this copper sheet tower, which represents the Roman goddess Diana, in 1892. Until 1925, it stood atop the tower of Madison Square Garden and served as an iconic New York City monument. Since 1932, it has remained in the Philadelphia Museum of Art collection.
"La Paix de Nimègue" by Martin Desjardins
"Hiawatha" by Augustus Saint-Gaudens
"The Shade" by Auguste Rodin

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Mlle Pogany What do you call this bronze sculpture?
"Head" by Auguste Rodin
"Bacchus" by Giambologna
"Mlle Pogany" by Constantin Brancusi
Artist Constantin Brancusi made this piece depicting his lover in 1913, which would soon become an emblem of early-20th century modernist sculpture. His abstract work, which was inspired by folk art from his home of Romania, was considered a pioneering shift to minimalism. His refusal to distinguish between the artwork's base and the object also was deemed groundbreaking.
"The Shade" by Auguste Rodin

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Moses Can you pick this famous work from the list?
"Apollo Citharoedus" by Unknown
"Henriette" by Henri Matisse
"Hiawatha" by Augustus Saint-Gaudens
"Moses" by Michelangelo
High Renaissance artist Michelangelo crafted this sculpture from 1513 to 1515. Pope Julius II commissioned the work for his tomb; it now sits in the church of San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

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Donald Judd This piece remains untitled, but can you guess the artist?
Can Togay
Paige Bradley
Donald Judd
Donald Judd became a pioneering figure in the Minimal Art movement with his streamlined pieces, including this 1991 work located in Jerusalem's Israel Museum. The box was Judd's quintessential form, which he often created with materials adopted from industrial methods.
Zenos

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Ugolino and His Sons Do you think you can identify this 1860s marble sculpture?
"Veiled Vestal" by Raffaelle Monti
"Les Voyageurs" by Bruno Catalano
"Ugolino and His Sons" by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux
"Ugolino and His Sons" depicts Ugolino from Dante's "Inferno." In the epic poem, Ugolino is locked in prison and starved alongside his children and grandchildren. Carpeaux's piece is meant to depict the character at the moment that he debates cannibalism.
"The Gift of Life" by Den Bosch

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Spider Can you guess the creator and title of this arachnid-inspired sculpture?
"Le Génie du Mal" by Guillaume Geefs
"Hang Up" by Eva Hesse
"Accumulation No 1" by Yayoi Kusama
"Spider" by Louise Bourgeois
French artist Louise Bourgeois created "Spider" in 1996 at the age of 85. She made several versions of the granite and bronze sculptures, which were made in tribute to her mother, who was a tapestry restorer. Like spiders' webs, such work requires the winding of thread.

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Bird of Peace This piece is one of many a famous Colombian artist created that depicts oversized animals. Can you name it?
"Birds" by Picasso
"Expansion" by Paige Bradley
"Atlas" by Lee Lawrie
"Bird of Peace" by Botero
Fernando Botero created the first "Bird of Peace" sculpture in 1994, which was installed in the heart of Medellin, Colombia. During a concert in 1995, though, the sculpture blew up during a devastating attack that killed 23 people and injured many more. In 2000, the artist created an identical bird next to the remnants of the original as a message of peace and solidarity with the victims, their families, and the culture as a whole.

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Large Reclining Figure Can you successfully name the title and artist of the abstract piece pictured here?
"First Generation" by Chong Fah Cheong
"Les Voyageurs" by Bruno Catalano
"Large Reclining Figure" by Henry Moore
English artist Henry Moore's "Large Reclining Figure" was commissioned by Singapore's Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation in 1984. His original sculpture, "Reclining Figure 1938," is quite small, measuring about six by 13 inches. "Large Reclining Figure," shown here, measures 30 feet in length and is the largest of Moore's abstract human figure sculptures.
"Black Ghost" by Sebastian Errazuriz

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Grand Buddha at Ling Shan This incredible sculpture stands on Longshan Mountain in Jiangsu Province, China. Do you know what it's called?
"Kamakura Daibutsu"
"Grand Buddha at Ling Shan"
The Grand Buddha, a bronze statue weighing over 700 tons and reaching nearly 300 feet high, is among the largest Buddha statues in the world. Artists and craftspeople completed the structure in 1996.
"Tian Tan Buddha"
"Gal Vihara Buddha"

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Bicycle Wheel Can you correctly name this revolutionary work?
Duchamp's "Bicycle Wheel"
Made in 1913, "Bicycle Wheel" is the first of Duchamp's renowned "readymades." Featuring a bicycle wheel attached to a kitchen stool, Duchamp maintained that traditional sculpture methods seemed meaningless in the era of mass factory-made goods. Duchamp's work is considered one of the earliest examples of Conceptual Art.
Claes Oldenburg's "Spoonbridge"
Ervin Loránth Hervé's "Popped"
David Černý's "Metalmorphosis"

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Freedom Sculpture Can you name the title and artist of this piece located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania?
"Statue of Franz Kafka" by Jaroslav Róna
"Les Voyageurs" by Bruno Catalano
"Force of Nature" by Lorenzo Quinn
"Freedom Sculpture" by Zenos Frudakis
American figurative sculptor Zenos Frudakis (shown here) created this inspiring work in 2001. Crafted from bronze, Frudakis said he hoped to "create a sculpture almost anyone, regardless of their background, could look at and instantly recognize that it is about the idea of struggling to break free."

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The Bronco Buster This piece was created in 1895. Which one of these choices is it?
"Alberta's Dream" by Jaume Plensa
"The Bronco Buster" by Frederic Remington
"The Bronco Buster" is American artist Frederic Remington's first and most famous work. He based the work upon several former sketches he made, including one for a piece on Theodore Roosevelt called "The Home Ranch" in "Century Magazine."
"The Architectural Fragment" by Petrus Spronk
"Le pouce" by Cesar Baldaccini

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Cloud Gate Can you pick out the name of this iconic monument?
"Balloon Flower" by Jef Koons
"Cloud Gate" by Anish Kapoor
Created by Artist Anish Kapoor (shown here) and nicknamed "The Bean" by locals in the city of Chicago where it resides, this piece of public art is made from mirrored steel that creates a funhouse-like effect. Located in Second City's Millennium Park, it frequently attracts large crowds of eager selfie-snappers.
"Metalmorphosis" by David Černý
"Freedom Sculpture" by Zenos Frudakis

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Hi! (Two Acrobats) This artwork can be found at the Honolulu Museum of Art. Can you name it?
"Hi! (Two Acrobats)" by Alexander Calder
Alexander Calder created this depiction of acrobats out of brass wire models and wood in 1928. The piece is one of several Calder made depicting contortionists, acrobats, sword eaters, lion tamers and more. While living in Paris, Calder attempted to perform live acts borrowed from some of these pieces.
"Balloon Flower" by Jeff Koons
"The Architectural Fragment" by Petrus Spronk
"Alberta's Dream" by Jaume Plensa

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The Burghers of Calais Do you know who sculpted this famous work?
Adriaen de Vries ("Apollo")
Agasias ("Borghese Gladiators")
Giambologna ("Venus Urania")
Auguste Rodin ("The Burghers of Calais")
While French artist Auguste Rodin's "The Thinker" receives more popular attention, his "The Burghers of Calais" remains seminal to the history of sculpture. Commissioned for a park in Calais, the monument is viewed as one of the earliest shifts toward realism in sculpture. Rather than featuring the men on a pedestal, he displayed them at ground level. The work depicts six French elders who volunteered themselves for execution to save their people during the English siege in the Hundred Years' War.

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Shoes on the Danube Bank This is a memorial located in Budapest, Hungary. Do you know its name?
"De Vaartkapoen" by Tom Frantzen
"Force of Nature" by Lorenzo Quinn
"Les Voyageurs" by Bruno Catalano
"Shoes on the Danube Bank" by Can Togay
Film director Can Togay created this sculpture to honor the lives of the Jewish people killed by the far-right Hungarian group, Arrow Cross, during World War II. In the tragic incident, the militia commanded the people to remove their shoes and were shot at the edge of the river, which their bodies fell into.

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Spiral Jetty This piece was made in 1970 as a rebellion of art galleries' commercialism. What is it called?
"Brackish Water" by Douglas Coupland
"Digital Orca" by Douglas Coupland
"Spoonbridge" by Claes Oldenburg
"Spiral Jetty" by Robert Smithson
Robert Smithson was a key figure in the revolt against art's commercialism with pieces like this one, which is located on Utah's Great Salt Lake. Dubbed "land art," Smithson's site-specific works rely largely on materials taken directly from the surrounding earth. "Spiral Jetty" was submerged for decades, until a drought caused it to resurface in the early 2000s. It remains visible today.

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Fountain Can you correctly identify this 1917 artwork?
"Le pouce" by Cesar Baldaccini
"First Generation" by Chong Fah Cheong
"Fountain" by Marcel Duchamp
"Fountain" is another one of Duchamp's famous readymade sculptures. The piece features a porcelain urinal with the signature "R. Mutt." Duchamp originally paid to submit it to New York's Society of Independent Artists exhibition. The committee rules stated that it could not reject any artwork, but they never placed it in the main show area.
"Manneken Pis" by Jerôme Duquesnoy

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Red Mobile An American artist crafted this work in 1956. Which one of these is it?
"Freedom Sculpture" by Zenos Frudakis
"Le pouce" by Cesar Baldaccini
"Artemis" by Nic Fiddian-Green
"Red Mobile" by Alexander Calder
Calder's "Red Mobile," which is constructed from painted sheet metal and rods, is currently on display at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. The avant-garde work strongly contrasted other sculptures of the time due its freedom of movement. Calder's friend and fellow artist Marcel Duchamp allegedly gave the piece its name.

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