Can You Name the Roman Gods and Goddesses?

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Becky

5 Min Quiz

Image: Jerzy Siemiginowski-Eleuter

About This Quiz

Was mythology your favorite subject to study in school? Did you even read up on the gods and goddesses on your own time? Have you been first in line to see the many movies based on the stories of gods and goddesses? If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, then this is the quiz for you. Let's get started to find out how many of these 35 Roman gods and goddesses you can name.

Are you the person who can name each of the Roman gods and goddesses at trivia night, or are you one of those people who is completely confused by which of them is Greek and which is Roman? We sympathize with the fact that keeping them all straight is a challenge, but we like challenges... don't you? Although there are twelve major gods and goddesses, most of which you should know there was literally a deity for just about everything in the ancient world. Let's just say that the Romans had as many gods as the Catholics have saints. That's a lot!

If you think you're up to the task, let's get started. But, we'll still be here for you if you think you need to take a minute to study up a bit.

Ready?

Which Roman god was the twin brother to Diana?

Apollo had a twin sister named Diana, the huntress. Apollo was the god of light, music, and truth, and, like Abraham Lincoln, he could not tell a lie.

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Which goddess was known as the Eternal Mother?

Ceres was known as the Eternal Mother. She was also known as the Corn Goddess, since she presided over grain and agriculture.

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Which of the following was the sun god?

Sol was the sun god. His formal name was Sol Invictus, which means "unconquered sun."

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Who was the Roman queen of the gods?

Juno was the Roman queen of the gods. She was married to Jupiter and gave the month of June its name.

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Who was the king of the gods?

Jupiter was the head honcho. He was married to Juno, who was also his sister.

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Who was the Roman god of war?

Mars was the god of war. The red planet was named after him. He was said to watch over the Roman soldiers.

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What was the name of the god of trade?

Mercury was the god of trade. He also presided over travelers. His festival day is May 15.

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What was the name of the goddess of wisdom?

Minerva was the goddess of wisdom. She presided over the fields of science, medicine and the arts.

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Who was the Roman god of the sea?

Neptune was the Roman god of the sea. His Greek counterpart was Poseidon.

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Who was the goddess of the orchards?

Pomona was the goddess of the orchards. She watched over the fruits of the trees. Pomona does not, like other Roman gods, have a Greek counterpart.

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Which of the following was the goddess of fire?

Vesta was the goddess of fire. She also looked over the hearth and protected bakers.

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Who was the god of fire?

Vulcan was the god of fire. He watched over blacksmiths and other metal workers.

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What Roman god had two faces?

Janus was depicted as having two faces because he looked into both the future and the past. Some say that the month of January was named after Janus.

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Who was the Roman god of sleep?

Somnus was the Roman god of sleep. His Greek counterpart was Hypnos.

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Which of the following was the god of wine?

Bacchus was the god of wine. His Greek counterpart is Dionysus.

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Which of the following is the Roman goddess of love?

Venus was the goddess of love. She was also the goddess of beauty and had a role in the Trojan war.

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Who was the god of love?

Cupid was the god of love. He was the son of Venus. His name comes from the Latin word for desire.

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Who was the goddess of the flowers?

Flora was the goddess of flowers and the spring. Because of her role in rebirth, she was also viewed as a fertility goddess.

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Who was the god of strength?

Hercules was the god of strength. He was the son of Jupiter, but his mother was a mortal.

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Who was the goddess of envy?

Invidia was the goddess of envy. Not all gods and goddesses had positive associations. Invidia's name literally means "envy."

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Which of the following was the goddess of the moon?

Luna was the goddess of the moon. The moon was viewed as feminine, and her brother, Sol, was the god of the sun.

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Who was the god of the underworld?

Orcus was the god of the underworld. He also dealt punishments for broken promises.

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Who was the goddess of peace?

Pax was the goddess of peace. Her name literally means peace in Latin. Her festival date is January 3.

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The Huntress was the name for which Roman goddess?

Diana, the huntress, was Apollo's twin sister. She presided over the forests and was always depicted with a dog and a weapon.

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Who was the Roman goddess of the dawn?

Aurora was the goddess of the dawn. The name "Aurora" literally means "dawn." Through Zeus, she accidentally turned one of her lovers into an insect.

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Who was the goddess of fortune?

Fortuna was the goddess of fortune. Her Greek counterpart is Tyche. Both goddess are the equivalent of today's lady luck.

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Who was the god of agriculture?

Saturn was the god of agriculture. Cronus was his Greek counterpart. Saturn was responsible for the bounty of the Earth.

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Which of the following was the goddess of cattle?

Bubona was the goddess of cattle. A statue of Bubona was often placed in gardens.

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Who was the goddess of truth?

Veritas was the goddess of truth. Her name literally means "truth." It is fabled that she preferred to remain hidden, like the truth.

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Who was the god of flocks?

Faunus was the god of flocks. He was depicted as having horns. His Greek counterpart was Pan.

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Which of the following was the goddess of justice?

Iustitia was the goddess of justice. She is known as Lady Justice and is depicted blindfolded, holding a set of scales and a sword.

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Who was the goddess of light?

Latona was the goddess of light. She was the mother of Apollo and Diana.

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Who was the goddess of death?

Morta was the goddess of death. She is often depicted as a skeleton.

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What is the name of the Roman goddess of destiny?

Necessitas was the Roman goddess of destiny. She controlled fate, so even the other gods themselves respected her.

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Who was the god of keys?

Portunus was the god of keys. He also watched over doors, harbors and ports.

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