Can You Name These Basic Chemical Compounds?

By: Jacqueline Samaroo
Estimated Completion Time
3 min
Can You Name These Basic Chemical Compounds?
Image: Getty Images

About This Quiz

Are you going to have a positive or negative reaction to this chemical quiz?

From our bodies to the food that we eat and the things in our surroundings, chemical compounds are quite literally a part of basically everything in the world around us. While at first glance the topic of chemical compounds may seem like a subject that is needlessly complex and difficult to grasp, there are actually countless basic chemical compounds that we interact with on a day to day basis. Some examples of these basic chemical compounds include; water, salt, alcohol, propane, sugar, and caffeine. There are dozens of these basic chemical compounds from which to choose. However, we've managed to gather a diverse selection of 40 of them for this quiz.

Even if you're not an actual chemist, medical professional, or a science major, most people have probably heard of many of these basic chemical compounds in their everyday life. So are you ready to prove that you've got what it takes to be a chemistry superstar? Then let's see if you're capable of having a chemical reaction with the correct answers from our basic chemical compounds quiz! Pull out your beakers, your test tubes, and your stirrers, and let's get started!

water Which chemical compound is in this image?
water
Water is a basic chemical substance that is important to human life, both biologically and economically. Water covers over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface.
sodium hypochlorite
glycerol
ascorbic acid

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propane Do you know the name of the basic compound in this image?
hydrochloric acid
silicon dioxide
propane
Propane is a basic chemical compound that is one of several liquefied petroleum gases. It is used as a source of fuel for cooking, particularly in barbecues.
methanol

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sodium fluoride Which chemical compound is in this picture?
camphor
caffeine
sulfuric acid
sodium fluoride
Sodium fluoride is a basic chemical compound that is denoted by the formula NaF. It is used as a cleaning agent and for dental health as well.

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ammonium bifluoride The basic chemical compound in this picture goes by what name?
ethanol
ammonia
ammonium bifluoride
Ammonium bifluoride is a basic chemical compound that is produced from ammonia and hydrogen fluoride. It has been used as a rust stain remover, toilet bowl cleaner, and car body cleaner.
magnesium silicate

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sucrose Which basic chemical compound is featured in this image?
ammonium carbonate
sucrose
Sucrose is a basic chemical compound that is produced naturally in plants. It is extracted and refined from both sugar cane and sugar beet.
butane
calcium sulfate

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carbon dioxide Do you know the name of this chemical compound?
ascorbic acid
lactic acid
sodium chloride
carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide is a basic chemical compound that is produced through several means, such as through the respiration process of many organisms. It is notable for being one of the primary causes of global warming.

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fructose Do you know the basic compound that is pictured here?
methanol
fructose
Fructose is a basic chemical compound that is notable for being the most water-soluble of all the sugars. It is primarily found in honey, many root vegetables, berries, as well as tree and vine fruits. Yes, it's the same formula as glucose.
carbonic acid
ammonium carbonate

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glucose What is the name of the chemical compound in this picture?
glucose
Glucose is a basic chemical compound that is a simple sugar that is made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide. Yes, it's the same formula as fructose.
sulfuric acid
nitrous oxide
ethanol

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tartaric acid Can you correctly name this chemical compound?
magnesium silicate
tartaric acid
Tartaric acid is a basic chemical compound that occurs naturally in various fruits, such as grapes, citrus, and bananas. It is most notable for developing naturally in the process of winemaking.
acetone
camphor

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calcium carbonate What is the name of the chemical compound in this photo?
sodium chloride
calcium sulfate
hydrochloric acid
calcium carbonate
Calcium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is the main component of the shells of marine organisms and snails, as well as pearls and eggs. It is also found in rocks like limestone.

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acetylsalicylic acid Can you correctly identify the chemical compound that is pictured here?
hydrogen peroxide
acetylsalicylic acid
Acetylsalicylic acid is a basic chemical compound that is known more commonly as aspirin. As a type of medication, it is used to treat pain, fever, and inflammation.
water
sodium hypochlorite

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boric acid What is the name of this basic compound?
boric acid
Boric acid is a basic chemical compound that is actually a weak, monobasic Lewis acid of boron. It is notable for being primarily used as an insecticide and as an antiseptic.
propane
magnesium hydroxide
acetone

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cellulose Do you know this basic chemical compound?
potassium nitrate
tartaric acid
cellulose
Cellulose is a basic chemical compound that is found in the cells of green plants. It is primarily used in the production of paper and textiles like cotton and linen.
carbonic acid

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phosphoric acid This is a photo of what basic chemical compound?
ammonium bifluoride
phosphoric acid
Phosphoric acid is a basic chemical compound that is a weak non-toxic acid. It is primarily used as a rust remover and as a food additive.
acetic acid
nitrous oxide

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naphthalene Can you correctly identify the chemical compound in this photo?
sucrose
caffeine
naphthalene
Naphthalene is a basic chemical compound that is white crystalline solid. It is most commonly known as the main ingredient in mothballs.
lactic acid

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sodium carbonate Do you know the basic compound in this picture?
carbon dioxide
acetylsalicylic acid
potassium nitrate
sodium carbonate
Sodium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is the water-soluble sodium salt of carbonic acid. It is primarily used in the production of soaps, paper, glass, and detergents.

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acetic acid Which chemical compound is in this photo?
fructose
phosphoric acid
acetic acid
Acetic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also sometimes referred to as ethanoic acid. Vinegar can contain anywhere between 4 percent to 18 percent acetic acid.
ammonia

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potassium nitrate Can you correctly identify the chemical compound in this image?
potassium nitrate
Potassium nitrate is a basic chemical compound that is an ionic salt sometimes also referred to as saltpeter. It is used in fertilizers, fireworks, and as a food preservative.
glucose
cellulose
sodium carbonate

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magnesium hydroxide Can you correctly identify the chemical compound in this picture?
sodium fluoride
boric acid
silicon dioxide
magnesium hydroxide
Magnesium hydroxide is a basic chemical compound that can be found in nature as the mineral brucite. It is commonly used as a primary ingredient in antacids and laxatives.

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hydrogen peroxide The basic chemical compound in this image goes by what name?
hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide is a basic chemical compound that is a pale blue, clear liquid. It is used as a bleaching agent, oxidizer, as well as an antiseptic.
calcium carbonate
glycerol
naphthalene

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glycerol What is the name of the basic compound in this picture?
carbon dioxide
ascorbic acid
hydrogen peroxide
glycerol
Glycerol is a basic chemical compound that is a colorless and odorless liquid. It is commonly used as a sweetener in the food industry and also in several pharmaceutical products.

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silicon dioxide Which basic chemical compound is featured here?
fructose
silicon dioxide
Silicon dioxide is a basic chemical compound that is found in several living organisms and also as quartz. It is also notable for being one of the main components of sand.
methanol
magnesium hydroxide

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caffeine This is an image of what basic chemical compound?
glucose
sulfuric acid
tartaric acid
caffeine
Caffeine is a basic chemical compound that is a central nervous system stimulant which is used in numerous beverages and foods. It is notable for being the world's most widely consumed psychoactive drug,

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ammonia Do you know the chemical compound that is shown here?
sodium fluoride
ammonia
Ammonia is a basic chemical compound of nitrogen and hydrogen. It has several uses, including in fertilizers and as a household cleaner.
magnesium silicate
acetic acid

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butane What is the name of the basic compound in this image?
butane
Butane is a basic chemical compound that is actually a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It sees a lot of use worldwide as lighter fluid.
calcium carbonate
calcium sulfate
sodium carbonate

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lactic acid Do you know the basic compound in this image?
water
sodium chloride
lactic acid
Lactic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also commonly referred to as milk acid. It is mainly found in sour milk products like yogurt and cottage cheese.
naphthalene

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nitrous oxide This is a picture of what basic chemical compound?
hydrochloric acid
propane
nitrous oxide
Nitrous oxide is a basic chemical compound that is a colorless non-flammable gas. It is used in dentistry, surgery, and other medical instances. However, it is probably most popularly known for its use in motor racing.
phosphoric acid

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carbonic acid Do you know the name of the basic compound in this picture?
butane
carbonic acid
Carbonic acid is a basic chemical compound that is a weak acid that forms two kinds of salts, carbonates and bicarbonates. It also leads to the formation of stalactites and stalagmites.
camphor
cellulose

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acetone Which chemical compound is pictured here?
acetone
Acetone is a basic chemical compound that is normally present in blood and urine. It is notably also used as a solvent for many plastics and some synthetic fibers.
ammonium bifluoride
ammonium carbonate
boric acid

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sodium hypochlorite What is the name of the chemical compound in this image?
sucrose
ethanol
sodium hypochlorite
Sodium hypochlorite is a basic chemical compound that is commonly used as a bleaching agent or disinfectant. When used in concentrated forms, it can actually be very hazardous to the skin and eyes.
acetylsalicylic acid

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hydrochloric acid Which basic chemical compound is featured in this picture?
hydrogen peroxide
hydrochloric acid
Hydrochloric acid is a basic chemical compound that actually forms naturally in gastric acid. It is notable for having several uses, including as a food additive and in leather processing.
nitrous oxide
calcium carbonate

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camphor Do you know the basic compound in this photo?
magnesium hydroxide
acetone
sodium fluoride
camphor
Camphor is a basic chemical compound that is notable for its flammable nature and strong aroma. Historically, it has had several culinary and medicinal uses.

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ethanol What is the name of this chemical compound?
tartaric acid
sodium hypochlorite
ethanol
Ethanol is a basic chemical compound that is a flammable and volatile colorless liquid. It is notable for being the primary type of alcohol found in alcoholic drinks.
glucose

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ammonium carbonate Which basic chemical compound is featured in this photo?
acetic acid
carbonic acid
fructose
ammonium carbonate
Ammonium carbonate is a basic chemical compound that is a salt commonly referred to as baker’s ammonia. It is most notably used as smelling salts and as a leavening agent.

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sodium chloride What is the name of the basic compound in this photo?
sodium carbonate
sodium chloride
Sodium chloride is a basic chemical compound that is commonly referred to simply as salt, table salt, or common salt. It is used worldwide as both a food preservative and a condiment.
lactic acid
carbon dioxide

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calcium sulfate Do you know the name of this basic compound?
naphthalene
potassium nitrate
sucrose
calcium sulfate
Calcium sulfate is a basic chemical compound that is commonly referred to as plaster of Paris. It also notably occurs naturally as gypsum.

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magnesium silicate The basic chemical compound in this photo goes by what name?
magnesium silicate
Magnesium silicate is a basic chemical compound that is also known as the clay mineral, talc. It has several uses, including as a food additive and as baby powder.
phosphoric acid
ammonia
ammonium bifluoride

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sulfuric acid Which basic compound is pictured here?
cellulose
caffeine
sulfuric acid
Sulfuric acid is a basic chemical compound that is odorless and soluble in water. It is primarily used in the manufacturing of fertilizer, the refining of oil, and wastewater processing.
butane

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methanol Do you know the name of the basic compound in this photo?
methanol
Methanol is a basic chemical compound that is notable for being the simplest alcohol. It is also notable for actually having a similar odor to drinking alcohol. However, it is far more toxic.
boric acid
silicon dioxide
propane

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ascorbic acid Can you correctly identify this basic chemical compound?
acetylsalicylic acid
glycerol
ascorbic acid
Ascorbic acid is a basic chemical compound that is also more commonly known as vitamin C. It is found primarily in citrus fruits and is used to prevent and treat scurvy.
water

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