Can You Name These Geographic Features?


By: John Miller

6 Min Quiz

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

You know "The Mountain" from "Game of Thrones," but the real-life mountains (and rivers, valleys, etc.) usually have more descriptive names. Can you name these geographic features?

From sea level to summit, what is the world's tallest mountain?

From sea level to peak, Mt. Everest is the world's tallest mountain. It stands 29.029 feet tall, so high that most climbers need supplemental oxygen to survive on the summit.


Which Australian feature is so big that astronauts can see it from space?

The Great Barrier Reef stretches for around 1,400 miles along the coast of Australia, and it's so big that it can be seen by astronauts in orbit. Sadly, warming ocean temperatures are killing the reef at an unprecedented rate and may permanently destroy this magnificient feature.


What is the longest river in the world?

The Amazon River, in South America, is the longest river on Earth. It flows for nearly 4,350 miles. By comparison, the United States (the world's fourth largest country) is just 2,680 miles wide.


Canada is home to which of the following mountain ranges?

The Rocky Mountains stretch throughout much of the United States and Canada -- as Canadians know, the northern stretch is perhaps more spectacular than the peaks in America.


Where is the Grand Canyon located?

The Grand Canyon is an epic canyon that severs the Earth's crust in Arizona. It's around 280 miles long and in some places, it's 1 mile deep.


The Giant's Causeway is an alien-looking coastal feature found in ____.

Off of the coast of Ireland, you can see the Giant's Causeway, a series of tens of thousands of rock columns which were formed by a volcanic eruption long ago. Many of the columns have a distinct hexagonal shape.


Where would you find a massive body of water called the Yangtze?

The Yangtze, located in China, is the longest river in Asia. It is about 3,950 miles long, making it the third-longest river in the world.


Which feature covers about one-third of Earth's surface?

The Pacific Ocean is a massive body of water that covers about one-third of the planet. Its water depths take up about 59 million square miles … so if you really want to wind up on a deserted island alone, this is your best shot.


Where would you find a feature called the Great Rift Valley?

The Great Rift Valley is an enormous trench that stretches about 3,700 miles from Asia to Africa, where it splits into the East and West Rift Valleys. It was formed by two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other.


What is Eyjafjallajökull?

Eyjafjallajökull is a famous volcano located in Iceland. In April 2010, a major eruption here blasted tons of ash into the atmosphere, causing major disruptions to air travel.


Which huge American river begins in Montana?

The Missouri River begins as a trickle in western Montana and then morphs into a 2,341-mile-long behemoth that empties into the Mississippi River at St. Louis. It is America's longest river.


What is the Mariana Trench?

The Mariana Trench -- specifically an area called the Challenger Deep -- is the deepest place on Earth. It is more than 36,000 feet below the ocean waves. If you could plop Mt. Everest into the Deep, its summit would still be about 1 mile below the surface.


By land mass, what is the largest continent on Earth?

Asia is -- by far -- the largest continent in the world. It covers more than 17 million square miles. It's so large that it spans 11 time zones.


Lake Victoria is the largest lake in ______.

Lake Victoria is the biggest lake in all of Africa, and most of this gargantuan body of water rests in Uganda and Tanzania. It sprawls for nearly 27,000 square miles. English explorer John Speke named it for Queen Victoria in 1858.


Where would you find the Alps mountain range?

The Alps is a major mountain range in south-central Europe. Sometimes you can hear people yodeling there.


In Venezuela, you will find the highest _____ in the world.

Angel Falls in Venezuela is one of Earth's most amazing sights -- this waterfall is more than 3,200 feet tall. It's the tallest waterfall on the planet.


What is the name of the tallest mountain in North America?

At one point it was called Mt. McKinley, but now it's been returned to its native moniker -- Denali. As the tallest peak in North America, it is 20,310 feet high, so tall that clouds often obscure the summit.


The ____ Sea is the largest inland body of water in the world.

The Caspian Sea is the world's biggest inland body of water -- and some people classify it as a lake. It has a surface area of more than 140,000 square miles, and in some places, it's nearly 3,400 feet deep.


What are the Twelve Apostles?

The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone towers off the coast of Australia. The stacks are formed by erosion … and sadly, only eight of them are left standing in the harsh ocean waves.


Which continent spans nine time zones?

North America is the third-largest continent on Earth. It spans nine time zones, two less than Asia.


Famous author Joseph Conrad called this area the "heart of darkness."

Located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Ituri Forest is so dense that it could trigger claustrophobia in some travelers. No wonder Joseph Conrad called it the "heart of darkness."


It is the second-longest river in the United States.

The Mississippi River is 2,320 miles long. It's part of the watershed for 31 states and two Canadian provinces, and it flows into the Gulf of Mexico at New Orleans.


Where would you find the huge body of salt water called Hudson Bay?

Hudson Bay is an enormous bay in northeastern Canada. It is roughly 850 miles long and 650 miles wide, but given its huge area, it's really not very deep, maxing out at just more than 300 feet.


Outside of polar areas, what is the biggest desert on the planet?

Antarctica is the biggest desert in the world, but you know, nobody really lives there, so it almost doesn't count. Once you exclude polar regions, Africa's Sahara Desert is the biggest, sprawling for more than 3 million square miles.


The Namib is a major ____ in southern Africa.

The Namib is a large coastal desert in southern Africa. It's so dry and inhospitable that almost no one even tries to live there.


A feature named "Baikal" is what kind of place?

By volume, Lake Baikal is the biggest freshwater lake in the world, and it is in Siberia. It's also the deepest lake -- in some places, it is nearly 5,400 feet deep. Lifejackets have never before seemed so futile.


The _____ Ice Shelf is a major feature in Antarctica.

The Ross Ice Shelf, named after Captain Sir James Clark Ross, who discovered it in 1841, is the largest ice shelf on the continent. It's nearly the size of France, and in some locations, it is perhaps 3,000 feet thick.


What is the Zambezi?

At 1,600 miles long, the Zambezi is the fourth-longest river in Africa. There, you'll find Victoria Falls, which when you consider its width and height, is the largest sheet of water anywhere on the planet.


If you visit the Kamchatka Peninsula, you might be lucky to see which famous UNESCO World Heritage Site?

The Kamchatka Peninsula, in the Russian Far East, is home to the volcanoes of Kamchatka, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. One of the most spectacular is Klyuchevskaya Sopka, which is more than 15,500 feet tall, making it the tallest active volcano in the Northern Hemisphere.


What sort of geographical feature is Mongefossen?

Mongefossen is the fourth-tallest waterfall on Earth. This Norwegian monstrosity has just one vertical drop -- 2,536 feet straight down.


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