Cars come in all shapes, sizes and forms.
Just think about all the different options you have when you buy your next car. Many models offer a sedan version, some coupes as well, while others include the practical hatchback. The ability to lower the rear seats gives you a vehicle with ample packing space should it be necessary. Of course, it is defined by its lift-up tailgate over the more traditional trunk lid.
But when was the term hatchback first used in motoring?
Well, it goes all the way back to 1965. And the first automaker to use the term? That was the French company, Renault. They used it to describe their R16 model. Over 1.8 million of these vehicles were produced between 1965 and 1980.
Perhaps hatchbacks were firmly put on the map in the mid-1970s. This was thanks to the "hot hatch" revolution that was started by the Volkswagen Golf Mk 1 GTI.
A performance version of the first Golf model, this quickly became the car that every boy racer wanted. And it led to other manufacturers producing their own "hot hatches."
But let's now get to the task at hand. Are you able to identify a range of hatchbacks from throughout motoring history from just an image? Let's see how well you do.
Since its inception in 1974, the Golf has gone from strength to strength. In fact, Volkswagen’s tag line, "The People’s Car" easily moved from the aging Beetle to this hatchback. Currently on their seventh model in the range over the last 40 years, current Golfs are sophisticated, high-performance vehicles. And popular too.
Although Volvo as a company has been in existence since 1914, they only produced their first car in 1927. The company is known as purveyors of some of the safest cars on the roads including the Volvo V40 hatchback, which is a real looker as well.
Although mainly manufactured for the European market, the Ford Focus has formed part of the American market for the last number of years. The Focus is the bigger brother of the Fiesta, with the ST model a high-performance version. The Focus is also available in an all-electric version, built to compete with the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt.
Now in its third generation, the i30 competes in the small family car segment for the Korean manufacturer, Hyundai. It is available in a number of body configurations including 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 5-door estate and 5-door fastback. Over 430,000 units of the i30 have sold in Europe since 2012.
A higher-performing version of the regular Civic, the Type R was a favorite of boy racers around the globe. First produced in 1997, it is currently in its fifth generation and is available as a 3- or 4-door hatchback or 4-door sedan. The fifth generation is powered by a 2.0-liter engine capable of producing over 300 brake horsepower.
The Atos was a 5-door hatchback city car offered by Korean manufacturer Hyundai between 1997 and 2007. Little changed over those 10 years until the Atos was replaced by the i10. This vehicle was driven by a 1.1-liter engine and available with both an automatic and manual transmission.
First introduced by Mazda in 1996, the 2, also known as the Demio, has seen four generations. Current models include both hatchbacks and sedans and come with three engine options as wells either an automatic or manual transmission.
Introduced in 2002, the 1-series offered BMW fans a smaller car than both the 3 and 5-series. The first generation included a hatchback, not a model type often found in the BMW range.
A mini MPV, the Note first entered the Japanese market in 2004. This hatchback-styled vehicle offers comfortable seating for five and it has a range of engine options including the e-power hybrid engine, launched in 2016. This is different from other hybrid engines in the fact that the electric engine always powers the wheels while the gas engine charges the battery.
Launched in 2012, the Opel Adam competes in the city car class. This three-door hatchback has three powerplant options from 1.0-liter to 1.4-liter. Although the name may seem a little strange, the Adam is named after the founder of the company, Adam Opel.
Introduced in 1998, the Smart ForTwo is niche microcar that weighs a mere 880 kg. It is also only 106 inches long and 65 inches wide. Now in its third generation, it is available as a 3-door hatchback or 2-door cabriolet.
Available as both a hatchback and sedan, the Etios competes in the subcompact class for Toyota. It was first introduced in 2010 and is currently still in its first generation although it has received two facelifts over the years.
The RSX replaced the popular Integra from 2002 onward. This compact luxury car featured a 3-door hatchback coupe design and sold close to 130,000 units till its production run ended in 2006.
Produced between 1973 and 1975, the Apollo from Buick was availabe as a 2-door coupe, hatchback and a 4-door sedan. The most powerful engine option available to the Apollo was a 350 cubic inch 5.7-liter V8.
Another excellent offering from South Korea, the Kia Rio is now in its fourth generation. This subcompact car was first released in 2000. Currently, it is available as both a hatchback and a sedan. The Rio comes with a range of powerplants from a 1000 cc to 1600 cc gas options and 1400 cc turbodiesel. Globally, just over 445,000 models were sold in 2016.
SEAT, a Spanish auto manufacturer, introduced the SEAT Leon in 1998. To date, the car has under gone three major upgrades, the last of which happened in 2012. This is a small hatchback with nippy performance thanks to a number of different power plant options.
Just 20 years ago, Toyota first launched their hybrid vehicle, the Prius. From 1997 to 2003, the Prius was part of the compact car market. In 2003, it was relaunched as a hatchback. With over 4 million sales worldwide, this is the top selling hybrid car on the planet.
Fiat was producing cars from the turn of the last century. Their first model was available in 1901, the 4HP. In the ‘80s, the Uno model was a particular favorite, both in Italy and around the world. The last Uno rolled off the production line in Brazil in 2013 with over 8 million built worldwide.
Introduced in 2011, the CT is a hybrid sports hatchback based on the Toyota MC platform also used for the Matrix and Corolla. The gas engine used in this hybrid system is a 1.8-liter straight four while the electric engine is powered by a 1.3 kWh nickel-metal hydride battery.
Also known as the Tutto or Trendy, this three- or five-door hatchback was marketed from 1984 to 2010. Engine options on the Justy included either a 1.0 or 1.1-liter gas engine capable of producing around 50 brake horsepower. Justys marketed in the United States included a 4WD option.
The Scirocco Gr.4 in Gran Turismo Sport is based on the hatchback road car from Volkswagen. Powered by a 2.0-liter engine, it produces 358 brake horsepower.
Hyundai's model in the supermini segment, the i20 was first released in 2007. Now in its second generation, the i20 received a 5-star Euro NCAP safety rating. Power options include three gas and two diesel powerplants. Over 430,000 units of the i20 have sold in Europe since 2012.
Derived from the Corolla, the Auris is a compact hatchback first introduced in 2006. The Auris has an upscale version, called the Blade. This is only available in Japan.
Introduced in 2003, the Mazda 3 is marketed in the compact car segment and has two models, a 4-door sedan or 5-door hatchback. It is currently in its third generation and is powered by a range of gas or diesel engines.
A super mini 5-door hatchback, the A2 formed part of the Audi fleet between 1999 and 2005. It offered two gas and two diesel engines, the largest of which, in terms of capacity, was a 1.6-liter petrol engine. The A2 was constructed out of aluminum and based on the Audi Al2 concept car.
The Alpine was a European Chrysler model marketed under a host of other names in various car markets around the world. This front-wheel-drive hatchback was produced by Chrysler Europe between 1975 and 1979.
Part of the Volvo 300 series, the 340 came in the form of a sedan and well as hatchback. Interestingly, the vehicles were designed by Dutch auto manufacturer DAF, which Volvo had bought a stake in. The 340 had a range of gas and diesel powerplants. It was marketed by Volvo from the late 1970s until 1991.
The Pony, Korea's first mass-produced car, was a rear-wheel-drive subcompact car produced by the Korean manufacturer between 1975 and 1990. Two generations of the Pony were produced, with a range of body options including sedans, wagons, a coupe utility and a hatchback.
Produced for a decade between 1970 and 1980, the Pinto was a Ford model in the subcompact car segment, their first model in this segment in America. It had three body styles - a two-door coupe, station wagon and three-door hatchback. The Pinto was popular with Ford, producing 3 million by 1980 when it was replaced by the Ford Escort.
Contesting the supermini segment, the Audi 50 was a small, three-door hatchback. Produced between 1975 and 1979, the 50 was sold only in Europe. With a four-speed manual gearbox, it had three different engine options, the biggest of which was a 1.3-liter.
A 3-door hatchback in the supermini class, the Sunbeam was another product from Chrysler Europe. It was based on the Hillman Avenger. It was produced from 1977 to 1979. The Sunbeam had four engine options ranging from 930cc to 2.1-liter 16 V.
The 1990s saw the third generation of the Fiesta, essentially a small hatchback. Interestingly, this Fiesta model had 9 different engine options including a turbodiesel.
The first ever car launched by Geely, the HQ debuted in 1998. Released as a 5-door hatchback or station wagon, the HQ was powered by either a 1.0-liter Daihatsu or 1.3-liter Toyota engine. Essentially, the HQ was based on the Daihatsu Charade.
The Barina badge has been part of Holden's vehicle range in Australia since 1984. Currently, the Barina is a rebadged Chevrolet Aveo, a 5-door hatchback.
The GTI badge from Volkswagen, applied to the Golf hatchback for seven generations, is one of the most well-known marques around the world. In Gran Turismo, you could get to drive a virtual GTI for just over 38,000 credits.
Known as the Micra in the rest of the world, the March was first released by Nissan in Japan in 1982. It features in the super-mini car segment and is currently in its fifth generation.
Although it received some fame for appearing in the cult slacker comedy "Wayne's World" at the time of its release, the AMC Pacer was not well received. Since then it has become an entry on Forbes' Worst Cars of All Time list, among others.
This Kei or city car was produced in Japan between 1999 and 2006 as either a 3-door or 5-door hatchback. Like many vehicles in this class, the Laputa featured a 700cc engine and both front-wheel and all-wheel-drive models were available.
Based on an Isuzu model of the same name, the Holden Piazza was marketed between 1981 and 1992. It was available as a 3-door hatchback coupe and 3-door wagon.
This sub-compact car, available as a 5-door hatchback or 4-door sedan was built by Geely between 2003 and 2009.