For a food to be a pastry, it needs certain ingredients. The base would need to have flour, water and some kind of shortening. The difference between each pastry is the way it is made, the ingredients that go in after, and the way it is cooked. Whether milk, sugar, eggs or fruit are added can be the difference between a pie and a choux. But we're not asking you to list the ingredients of some of the most popular pastries in the world because that would be way too difficult. Instead, we want to see if you can name the pastry if we tell you what country or region it is from.
Sure most people think that all pastries are from France, but you'd be surprised to know that your favorites come from Spain, Japan, Denmark, the United Kingdom, Canada, and even Australia. We're also going to show you pictures of what the pastry looks like, so you can make a better guess as to what it could be. If that wasn't enough, we're also going to give you hints to help you out if you get stuck.
So, let's stop stalling. It's time to see if you can do more than just put the pastry where your mouth is.
The cinnamon roll is referred to as a cinnamon bun, cinnamon swirl or cinnamon snail. It is common in Northern Europe and North America where it is usually served as a dessert or breakfast. This pastry consists of four main ingredients including flour, cinnamon, sugar, and butter.
Although considered a tart, blackberry pie is made of a pastry dough that covers blackberry filling and requires a lot of sugar. Its main ingredients include blackberry filling which is either actual blackberries or blackberry jam or a combination of the two.
This French pastry is named for its traditional crescent shape and is buttery and flaky in texture. Croissants are made from layered yeast-leavened dough with butter which is rolled and folded numerous times in succession.
This traditional Spanish and Portuguese fried-dough pastry is usually dipped into chocolate, dulce de leche, café con leche or champurrado, and eaten for breakfast. Based on preference, sugar is sprinkled on top. In Spain, churros are sometimes thin or knotted while in other regions they are long and thick.
Also known as a Danish pastry or simply Danish, this multi-layered, sweet pastry has become a Danish specialty after being brought to Denmark by Austrian bakers. It is made of laminated yeast-leavened dough, eggs, milk, sugar, and butter, which is the traditional fat used.
The strudel forms part of Austrian cuisine and is layered with a sweet filling. It is also common in many Central and Eastern European cuisines with the oldest recipes dating back to 1696. Although strudels are sweet, some can be savory thus incorporating cabbage, potato, pumpkin, spinach and meat fillings.
The traditional British meat pie known as pork pie is made from chopped pork and pork fat filling. A jellied pork stock layer surrounds it in a hot water crust pastry. The pork pie is normally served cold and consumed with salad or as a snack.
This oblong-shaped French pastry is filled with cream and typically topped with chocolate or caramel icing. The dough is piped into its shape with the use of a pastry bag and baked until it is crisp and hollow inside. It is then filled with various flavors such as vanilla, chocolate, coffee, whipped cream among others.
Sausage rolls are considered a British savory snack, which is also quite popular among the Commonwealth nations. They are served hot or cold and compose of sheets of puff pastry around sausage meat. They are usually glazed with egg or milk before baking.
As its name suggests, meat pies are pies filled with beef and other savory ingredients. They are quite common in countries such as Europe, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and Belize to name a few. During medieval times, meat pie became a popular dish and was referred to as a "pye" or "pie" by the 14th century.
Contrary to what its name suggests, The London Cheesecake does not contain any cheese. It consists of buttery layers of pastry, icing and jam with coconut or mallow shavings serving as a garnish.
This sweet bakery treat is considered an essential delicacy during the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival. The festival includes moon watching and lunar appreciation, giving rise to the name, mooncake, which is shared between families and friends celebrating.
Pretzels are a European-baked bread product made from dough and typically shaped into a twisted knot. They are made in different varieties from soft pretzels, which should be consumed immediately, to hard-baked pretzels, which have an extended shelf life.
Apple pie is considered one of the signature comfort foods of the United States of America. This tasty pastry, which is sometimes referred to as a tart or pie, is filled with apple and occasionally topped with ice cream, whipped cream or cheddar cheese.
Cherry pie is baked with a cherry filling and is often eaten with whipped cream or ice cream. It has been associated with North America and Europe and is served during Independence Day celebrations in the United States and Canada.
Originating in Cornwall, United Kingdom, Cornish pasty is a baked pastry, made with uncooked meat and vegetable filling. The ingredients such as minced beef, diced onion, potato, turnip, and other fillings are often seasoned with salt and pepper, and placed on half of a flat shortcrust pastry circle.
The treacle tart is a British treat that first appeared in Mary Jewry's cookbooks in the late 19th century. The main traditional ingredients include shortcrust pastry with thick golden syrup filling, breadcrumbs, and lemon zest or juice.
Quiche is a savory dish consisting of a pastry crust filled with milk or cream, and eggs as well as vegetables cheese, meat or seafood. Although the recipe for eggs and cream in pastry was practiced by Italians in the thirteenth century and English during the fourteenth century, it is considered a French dish.
This sweet meringue-based confection is sometimes called macaron or macaroon by the French. Its main components include egg whites, granulated sugar, icing sugar, ground almond or almond powder and food coloring that allows for the various colorful delights.
The cannoli originated from Sicily and form part of the island's cuisine, commonly being referred to "cannoli siciliani." This tube-shaped Italian pastry consists of shells of fried pastry dough, with a sweet, creamy filling that ranges in size.
Profiterole, often called cream puff, is a French pastry ball filled with a moist, sweet filling such as custard, whipped cream, ice cream or pastry cream, or savory fillings such as meats or cheeses. These can also be garnished with caramel powdered sugar or chocolate sauce or simply left plain.
Originating from France's northwesternmost region, Brittany, Kouign Amann translates to "butter cake" from the Celtic-type dialect. It is a round baked treat made from a croissant-like dough and folded and baked multiple times.
Mille-feuille, which translates to "thousand leaves" in French, is also regarded as "Napoleon." This small iced cake is made from slightly thin layers of puff pastry that have been filled with cream and jam.
Brioche is a delectable French treat that is typically cooked with fruit or chocolate chips and contains various added ingredients as well as toppings or fillings. Its high egg and butter content provides the pastry with its rich and tender crumb.
As a variant of the Bakewell pudding, this English confection is an open tart with a shortcrust pastry base that is layered with jam and garnished with flaked almonds. Despite its association to the town of Bakewell, Derbyshire, this provides no evidence of its origin.
During the Middle Ages, this sweet or savory dish was quite common in Europe, particularly during Lent. At this time, meat was forbidden, and thus, the cheese, curd, spinach, fish or almond fillings made flan a popular choice.
Baklava is a sweet dessert made of thin layers of pastry filled with chopped nuts which are held together by syrup or honey. This rich, flaky delight is considered to have been originated in the Middle East.
Having originated in Scotland, the black bun is a very rich dark fruitcake similar to the traditional Christmas cake. It includes ingredients such as currants, currants and spices like cinnamon, black pepper and ginger.
French pastry as its name suggests is of French origin, and its recipe dates back to the 1920s. It is a rich, fine dessert made of puff pastry and has cream or fruit fillings that add to its sweet taste.
Meringue tart is linked to the Swiss, Italian and French cuisines and consists of whipped egg whites and sugar combined with an acidic ingredient like vinegar, cream of tartar or lemon. Salt, gelatin or cornstarch are also used as binding agents with the eggs as well as vanilla flavors and a small amount of almonds or coconut.
Hot cross buns are yeast buns containing currants, candied peel and spices. They are usually marked with a cross and consumed traditionally on Good Friday but in countries such as Australia, the United Kingdom or New Zealand, these are available after Christmas and during New Year's.
Mince pie is of British origin and is also referred to as "shrid pie," "mutton pie," or "Christmas pie." This tiny round tart, which is normally served during the Christmas season, is stuffed with mincemeat and comprises of other ingredients such as a range of dried fruits and an array of spices including cinnamon, clove and nutmeg.
Turnovers are a pastry treat that can either be sweet or savory. They are made by placing fruit fillings on a piece of dough, folding it over, sealing it and then baking it in the case of the sweet flavors while the savory ones are stuffed with meat or vegetables. Although mainly baked, turnovers can also be fried.
Samsa is a Central Asian savory pastry similar to a stuffed bun. It can be made from bread or layered pastry dough and filled with minced lamb and onions. Other available fillings include potato, pumpkin, chicken, buns stuffed with beef or lamb and vegetables.
Pirozhki is a Russian puff made from yeast dough and earns its golden color from being glazed with egg. These individual-sized buns are stuffed with a variety of vegetable fillings including mushrooms, potatoes, and cabbage while the meat fillings are typically beef.
Flapjacks are considered an energy-boosting snack that is usually consumed at breakfast. The main ingredient for apple flapjacks include apples, oats, butter, sugar, salt, golden syrup and ginger.
Pigs in a blanket vary from sausage rolls and have a sausage meat component wrapped in a flaky pastry. They are popular in countries such as Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, being served as a breakfast or lunch item and as an appetizer at cocktail receptions.
Puff pastry is a flaky light confection produced from thin layers of dough separated by butter. Despite being associated with the French, references are appearing before the 17th century, indicating a Muslim Spain origin.
A kringle is a Scandinavian variant of a pretzel which translates to the word "circle" or "ring" from Danish and Norwegian. During the 13th century, monks of the Roman Catholic Church introduced pretzels in Denmark, which led to the spreading of the pastry all over Scandinavia and later evolving into the kringle.
This pastry originated from Hong Kong and contains ground beef filling inside a bun made from crescent roll dough. It is usually accompanied by blended seasonings such as small pieces of onions and green peppers mixed in breadcrumbs.