Have you ever dreamed of wearing a firefighting uniform? Or have you ever wondered what really takes to become a firefighter? Becoming a professional firefighter is probably one of the most difficult career ambitions you can have. Not only does it require physical strength, but mental fortitude is also a big part of this unique role. To top it off, you have to have pretty extensive knowledge about a lot of things. Every day, firefighters face situations in which they have to think quickly and not hesitate to take action. After all, they are responsible for the lives of others.
When looking to become a professional firefighter, you will go through a series of exams. These will test several of your skills, including your emergency medical care knowledge, fire science basics, mathematics and on-the-job scenarios.
It is a pretty competitive role. Employment of firefighters is projected to grow seven percent in the next few years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Do you have the passion, commitment, dedication and determination to earn the badge of a firefighter? Take this quiz and find out!
PASS is an acronym to remind you to pull, aim, squeeze and sweep when using a fire extinguisher in the event of a fire. Most portable fire extinguishers work according to these directions.
An infant’s respiratory rate is an important assessment that should be made early in the primary assessment process should the infant be saved from a fire. The normal breathing rate of an infant ranges between 30 and 60 breaths each minute.
CPR is an acronym for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This is an emergency procedure during which a person creates artificial circulation through chest compression, pumping blood through the heart and by breathing for the victim via artificial respiration.
The normal breathing rate for an adult is 12 to 20 breaths per minute. Anything under 12 or above 25 breaths per minute while resting is considered irregular.
Hazmat is an abbreviation for hazardous materials. These include toxic materials that pose a threat to humans or the environment.
The brachial artery's pulse can be felt on the elbow's front side. This is why you check your blood pressure, by placing the pressure meter in that area.
A normal pulse rate for a healthy adult at rest ranges from 60 to 80 beats per minute. Women tend to have faster pulse rates than men.
SCBA is an acronym for self-contained breathing apparatus that supplies a firefighter with breathable air when they are in a toxic atmosphere. It can also be referred to as an air pack.
Blood pressure measures the force the blood exerts on the walls of arteries. Therefore, when checking the blood pressure, this provides a functional status of the circulatory system.
PPE is an acronym for personal protective equipment. It is the special clothing firefighters wear to protect themselves from smoke, heat and flames.
Knowing the blood pressure can give an accurate reading of the circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. This can help save a victim’s live.
High blood pressure is associated with a lot of things, except hypotension. Hypertension is the associated term.
PAT is an acronym for physical ability test. This is a timed exam that evaluates the physical fitness of candidates, including strength, endurance and flexibility.
This is a first aid procedure used when a victim is chocking. Locate the navel, make a fist with the other hand, above the navel and below the tip of the breastbone. Finish with upward thrusts to expel the object stuck in the airway.
An infant’s chest is still developing. Using force, even with the heel of one hand, could be too abrupt for a small body.
Today, mouth-to-mouth ventilation is a common practiced used by firefighters during emergency situations. Before performing this, skills must first be practiced on a mannequin for CPR practice.
This technique requires the rescuer to breathe for the person. This prevents brain damage and, ultimately, death.
The first thing a responder should do when encountering a victim without a pulse is provide CPR. Immediate CPR can help increase the chance of survival.
The brain can survive for up to six minutes without oxygen. After this time frame, the brain begins to die.
CPR should be administered by first responders on victims of cardiac arrest. This procedure combines chest compressions with artificial ventilation in order to help the brain function until more help arrives to the scene.
The AED is usually not utilized on infants younger than 1 year of age. This equipment is too severe for a small, fragile body such as that of an infant.
If a victim has sustained a suspected neck injury, the manual head stabilization technique should be performed. This will position the victim’s head in line with the body.
A basket stretcher is used to vertically remove a victim stuck a confined space. This protects the patient from lateral collisions.
The middle layer of the skin is known as the dermis layer. Hair follicles, sweat glands and more are present in this layer.
If a victim has hand or feet burns, you should separate fingers and toes with dry, sterile dressing. These are easy to take care of and change.
The head of an adult accounts for 9 percent of the body when determining the extent of a burn using the rule of nines. That’s still a big chunk.
Cold skin is not a sign of a heat stroke. In fact, you’re likely to have dilated pupils or seizures if you experience a heat stroke.
Wet wood is generally more difficult to ignite then dry wood. At a minimum, wood that has a moisture content rising above 11 percent is very difficult to ignite.
Mohair is an example of plant fiber. This is important to create fabric that protects firefighters.
Combustible metals are classified as Class D fuels. As an example, these include titanium, magnesium, aluminum and potassium.
Liquids that burn are classified as Class B type of fuels. Examples of these include petroleum greases, tars, oils, oil-based paints and alcohols.
A liquid is classified as a combustible if it has a flashpoint of 100ºF or more. This ranges all the way up to 200°F.
Helium is an example of an inert gas. Other noble gasses are Xenon and Neon.
Argon is an example of a reactive gas. This, too, is a noble gas and it is the third most abundant in our Earth’s atmosphere.
Conduction is the transfer of heat energy through a solid via molecular motion. In conduction, energy still flows through a material without it moving at all.