Can You Pass a Firefighter Entrance Exam?


By: anaira

6 Min Quiz

Image: inhauscreative / E+ / Getty Images

About This Quiz

Have you ever dreamed of wearing a firefighting uniform? Or have you ever wondered what really takes to become a firefighter? Becoming a professional firefighter is probably one of the most difficult career ambitions you can have. Not only does it require physical strength, but mental fortitude is also a big part of this unique role. To top it off, you have to have pretty extensive knowledge about a lot of things. Every day, firefighters face situations in which they have to think quickly and not hesitate to take action. After all, they are responsible for the lives of others.

When looking to become a professional firefighter, you will go through a series of exams. These will test several of your skills, including your emergency medical care knowledge, fire science basics, mathematics and on-the-job scenarios.

It is a pretty competitive role. Employment of firefighters is projected to grow seven percent in the next few years, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Do you have the passion, commitment, dedication and determination to earn the badge of a firefighter? Take this quiz and find out!

“PASS” is an acronym for which of the following?

PASS is an acronym to remind you to pull, aim, squeeze and sweep when using a fire extinguisher in the event of a fire. Most portable fire extinguishers work according to these directions.


What’s the normal infant breathing rate?

An infant’s respiratory rate is an important assessment that should be made early in the primary assessment process should the infant be saved from a fire. The normal breathing rate of an infant ranges between 30 and 60 breaths each minute.


“CPR” is an acronym for which of the following?

CPR is an acronym for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This is an emergency procedure during which a person creates artificial circulation through chest compression, pumping blood through the heart and by breathing for the victim via artificial respiration.


What’s the normal adult breathing rate?

The normal breathing rate for an adult is 12 to 20 breaths per minute. Anything under 12 or above 25 breaths per minute while resting is considered irregular.


“Hazmat” is an abbreviation for which of the following?

Hazmat is an abbreviation for hazardous materials. These include toxic materials that pose a threat to humans or the environment.


Which artery should first responders use to check the pulse rate of a responsive infant?

The brachial artery's pulse can be felt on the elbow's front side. This is why you check your blood pressure, by placing the pressure meter in that area.


What’s the normal pulse range for adults and adolescents?

A normal pulse rate for a healthy adult at rest ranges from 60 to 80 beats per minute. Women tend to have faster pulse rates than men.


“SCBA” is an acronym for which of the following?

SCBA is an acronym for self-contained breathing apparatus that supplies a firefighter with breathable air when they are in a toxic atmosphere. It can also be referred to as an air pack.


What functional status does blood pressure provide?

Blood pressure measures the force the blood exerts on the walls of arteries. Therefore, when checking the blood pressure, this provides a functional status of the circulatory system.


“PPE” is an acronym for which of the following?

PPE is an acronym for personal protective equipment. It is the special clothing firefighters wear to protect themselves from smoke, heat and flames.


What’s the normal blood pressure range for adults?

Knowing the blood pressure can give an accurate reading of the circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. This can help save a victim’s live.


High blood pressure is not associated with which of the following?

High blood pressure is associated with a lot of things, except hypotension. Hypertension is the associated term.


“PAT” is an acronym for which of the following?

PAT is an acronym for physical ability test. This is a timed exam that evaluates the physical fitness of candidates, including strength, endurance and flexibility.


What’s the name of the medical technique used by first responders to remove a stuck object from the throat of a conscious victim?

This is a first aid procedure used when a victim is chocking. Locate the navel, make a fist with the other hand, above the navel and below the tip of the breastbone. Finish with upward thrusts to expel the object stuck in the airway.


What procedure should first responders NOT use to remove a stuck object from the airway of a conscious infant?

An infant’s chest is still developing. Using force, even with the heel of one hand, could be too abrupt for a small body.


What’s a common and relatively safe rescue breathing technique firefighters use today?

Today, mouth-to-mouth ventilation is a common practiced used by firefighters during emergency situations. Before performing this, skills must first be practiced on a mannequin for CPR practice.


What is the rescue breathing rate for an adult victim?

This technique requires the rescuer to breathe for the person. This prevents brain damage and, ultimately, death.


When a patient doesn’t have a pulse, what’s the first thing a responder should do?

The first thing a responder should do when encountering a victim without a pulse is provide CPR. Immediate CPR can help increase the chance of survival.


How quickly do brain cells begin to die without oxygen?

The brain can survive for up to six minutes without oxygen. After this time frame, the brain begins to die.


On what victims should first responders administer CPR?

CPR should be administered by first responders on victims of cardiac arrest. This procedure combines chest compressions with artificial ventilation in order to help the brain function until more help arrives to the scene.


On what victims do first responders usually NOT use the automated external defibrillator (AED)?

The AED is usually not utilized on infants younger than 1 year of age. This equipment is too severe for a small, fragile body such as that of an infant.


What technique is performed during a log roll of a victim with a possible neck injury?

If a victim has sustained a suspected neck injury, the manual head stabilization technique should be performed. This will position the victim’s head in line with the body.


What do you call the stretcher used to remove a victim vertically from a confined space?

A basket stretcher is used to vertically remove a victim stuck a confined space. This protects the patient from lateral collisions.


What is the middle layer of the skin known as?

The middle layer of the skin is known as the dermis layer. Hair follicles, sweat glands and more are present in this layer.


If a victim sustains burns to the hand or feet, what should you separate the fingers or toes with?

If a victim has hand or feet burns, you should separate fingers and toes with dry, sterile dressing. These are easy to take care of and change.


When using the rule of nines, how much does the head of an adult account for when determining the extent of a burn?

The head of an adult accounts for 9 percent of the body when determining the extent of a burn using the rule of nines. That’s still a big chunk.


Which of the following is not a sign of a heat stroke?

Cold skin is not a sign of a heat stroke. In fact, you’re likely to have dilated pupils or seizures if you experience a heat stroke.


At what minimum moisture percentage would wood be very difficult to ignite?

Wet wood is generally more difficult to ignite then dry wood. At a minimum, wood that has a moisture content rising above 11 percent is very difficult to ignite.


What is an example of plant fiber?

Mohair is an example of plant fiber. This is important to create fabric that protects firefighters.


What type of fuels are combustible metals classified as?

Combustible metals are classified as Class D fuels. As an example, these include titanium, magnesium, aluminum and potassium.


What type of fuels are liquids that burn classified as?

Liquids that burn are classified as Class B type of fuels. Examples of these include petroleum greases, tars, oils, oil-based paints and alcohols.


At what flash point is a liquid classified as a combustible?

A liquid is classified as a combustible if it has a flashpoint of 100ºF or more. This ranges all the way up to 200°F.


What type of gas is helium an example of?

Helium is an example of an inert gas. Other noble gasses are Xenon and Neon.


Which of the following can you identify as an example of a reactive gas?

Argon is an example of a reactive gas. This, too, is a noble gas and it is the third most abundant in our Earth’s atmosphere.


What is conduction?

Conduction is the transfer of heat energy through a solid via molecular motion. In conduction, energy still flows through a material without it moving at all.


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