Can You Pass This Canadian History Quiz?

By: Heather Cahill

Can You Pass This Canadian History Quiz?
Image: Mariue Gomes/ Moment/ Getty Images

About This Quiz

Canada is known for its long history that goes back as far as the times when Native People first inhabited the land. Its history is filled with many people who changed the country and worked to make it into the great place that we live and work in today. Many important events took place over the years, such as the formation of our government and the construction of our cities. Think you can remember it all?

Our history has been filled with incredible individuals like Laura Secord, who put their life on the line to help her country. Not to mention Viola Desmond, who stood up to fight for her rights and the rights of others. Without heroic acts like these, things would be much different. While Canada is known for being quite a peaceful nation, there were a few battles fought in our country. These changed our cities as well and, most notably, Quebec City.

With all of this history comes so much to learn about. Have you done your fair share of studying Canadian history? Maybe you took a Canadian history class in your high school? No matter where you learned about it, let's see how much you remember with this quiz!

Question 1 Canada is known to be home to thousands of lakes, but which lake was discovered by the Europeans in 1669?
Lake Erie
Lake Erie is one of the Great Lakes and the last of them to be discovered. Did you know that if you're looking to take a swim in a Great Lake, but you're not a fan of the cold, Lake Erie is the best lake to choose? It's the warmest of all of them.
Lake Ontario
Great Bear Lake
Lake Michigan

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Question 2 Leif Erikson and the Vikings turned up where in Canada while exploring?
Newfoundland
Canada had a visit from the Vikings in the 1000s when they temporarily settled on the coast of Newfoundland. There are still remnants of the Viking civilization in Newfoundland that you can visit today.
Quebec
British Columbia
Saskatchewan

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Question 3 An important event for French-Canadians, who was the first French-Canadian Governor General?
Michaelle Jean
Jules Leger
Georges Vanier
Georges Vanier was the Governor-General during the leadership of two Prime Ministers, John Diefenbaker and Lester B. Pearson. He was known to be quite religious and also very interested in integrating both the English and French-speaking people of the nation.
Julie Payette

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Question 4 Samuel de Champlain founded which settlement that is still inhibated today?
Quebec City
Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in the country and it was founded by Samuel de Champlain. The city still has much of the architecture that was originally built and it's filled with history.
Ottawa
St. John's
Vancouver

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Question 5 Can you name the Canadian city that was founded in 1749?
Halifax
Halifax was founded by the English settlers in the 1700s and was named "Halifax." Shortly after, the name was changed a few times to "Dartmouth" and "Bedford" before reverting to the original name of Halifax.
Montreal
Langley
Alert

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Question 6 It came from a misunderstanding! Who was notably the first to call Canada by this name?
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Samuel de Champlain
Jacques Cartier
Jacques Cartier is significant to Canada for coming over in the 1500s where he had this famous misunderstanding of the Native word "kanata." It means "village," and Jacques Cartier then declared this nation to be called Canada.

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Question 7 Do you know which battle was part of the War of 1812?
The Battle of New Orleans
The Battle of Fort Sumter
The Battle of Lake Erie
While the British forces won many battles, this battle on the Great Lake resulted in a win for the American Forces. It was a naval battle where hundreds were killed and wounded, with some of the British Forces being captured as well.
The Battle in Coamo

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Question 8 Which disease killed many in Canada in 1832 during its outbreak?
Pneumonia
Heart disease
Cholera
Brought to Canada after the arrival of an Irish ship, it didn't take long before many in the country contracted the disease. Though it was assured that if people visited the doctor, they could be cured, there was minimal understanding of the disease, and it ultimately killed thousands.
The Plague

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Question 9 In 1875, which part of the Canadian Court was established?
Provincial/Territorial Courts of Appeal
Federal Court
Supreme Court of Canada
The Supreme Court of Canada is one of the most important parts of the country's court system. At that time, as Canada was still primarily very much under British rule, court cases could be passed over to the higher British Court.
Tax Court of Canada

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Question 10 It was a trip that prepared troops for the worst. During which war did Laura Secord make her famous walk?
Lincoln County War
Whiskey Rebellion
American Revolutionary War
The War of 1812
Laura Secord is a Canadian hero who walked to warn the British that they would soon be under attack by the Americans. Her heroics prepared the British, and they were able to defend themselves against the attack.

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Question 11 An important organization, in which year did Canada join NATO?
1846
1759
1880
1949
Joining NATO meant that Canada was joining a pact of peace with multiple other countries who also signed on. Today, there are 29 countries in NATO, which include many European countries as well as the United States.

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Question 12 The CBC is an important part of Canada. It was founded for which reason?
To have a station that plays music back to back
To promote Canadian values
To give the latest political news
To create an all-Canadian media station
Since the 1930s, Canadians have put importance on the arts and other media produced in Canada. The CBC was created for this reason and still exists today to provide a Canadian station to Canadians.

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Question 13 Which famous Canadian landmark was built in 1886?
The CN Tower
The Parliament Buildings
The Chateau Frontenac
The Canadian Pacific Railway
The Canadian Pacific Railway is an essential part of Canada as it connects the country in one easy way. It also led to a boom in settlement all around the country, not just in the Eastern part of the country.

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Question 14 Crime still takes place here in the north. Bill Miner became famous for being the first to commit which crime in Canada?
Train robbery
Despite being from America, Bill Miner was known for his crimes and committed the first train robbery here in the North. Though he was from America, he was known for being extremely polite, just as we are said to be!
Fraud
Breaking and entering
Arson

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Question 15 Can you name the city that experienced a General Strike in 1919?
Ottawa
Toronto
Vancouver
Winnipeg
Winnipeg came to a halt in May of 1919 as workers walked out and protested for better working conditions and other rights. After this long strike, unions were formed and helped ensure the wages and conditions for workers were just and fair.

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Question 16 Which province was created because of the Fraser Gold Rush?
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Nunavut
British Columbia
Thousands of miners searched for gold on the Fraser River, prompting the creation of a new Canadian province in the mid-1800s. At this time, it was important to put a law into place so that nothing was taken advantage of.

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Question 17 Who was the first hockey team to be awarded the Stanley Cup?
Montreal Hockey Club
The Montreal Hockey Club was awarded the Stanley Cup for the first time in the late 1800s, an award that is reserved for only the winning hockey team. The Ottawa Senators also won the cup in 2007.
Vancouver Millionaires
Toronto Maple Leafs
Edmonton Oilers

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Question 18 It's where our money-making machines get to work! What year did the Royal Canadian Mint open in?
1810
2008
1908
The Royal Canadian Mint is an important organization that creates all of the money in circulation in Canada. In fact, they also sell commemorative or celebratory currency as collectibles or investments.
1765

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Question 19 Canada becoming a country in 1867 was known as what?
Confederation
Confederation was one of the most important events in Canadian history, as Canada officially became its own country under this. Now, we celebrate this important milestone yearly on July 1, known as Canada Day.
Union
Amalgamation
Connection

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Question 20 What type of institution was the first of its kind to open in 1817?
Prison
Bank
The Bank of Montreal was the first bank ever to open its doors right in Canada. This means that it has existed for over 200 years as it is still in operation today. In fact, it's credited with producing the first of the Canadian dollars in circulation.
Hospital
Bar

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Question 21 While Canada can be quite progressive, at some point in time women's rights were limited. 1920 was the first year that women were allowed to do which of the following?
Vote
Use a credit card
Sit in the House of Commons
Agnes MacPhail was the first Canadian woman to win a seat in the House of Commons, paving the way for women in the future to do the same. Despite only Agnes being elected, a handful of other women also ran as representatives for the first time.
Wear a bathing suit

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Question 22 The British fought who in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham?
The French
The Battle of the Plains of Abraham was fought between the British and the French over the possession of New France. It ended up as a British victory under the leadership of James Wolfe.
The Americans
The Vikings
There was never a battle known by this name.

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Question 23 Which prestigious award given to honourable Canadians was created in 1967?
The Juno Award
The Order of Canada
The Order of Canada is one of the highest honours a Canadian can receive. On the day that it was created, exactly 90 deserving Canadians were awarded the medal. Over 4,000 Canadians have received it in total.
The Heritage Award
The Queen's Award

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Question 24 There have been many people who have stood up for what they believe in throughout Canada's history. What is Viola Desmond known for?
Challenging racial discrimination
Much like Rosa Parks, Viola Desmond stood her ground in a movie theater, which was a "whites-only" area. Her bravery is now celebrated, and she has been honoured with her photo on one side of the Canadian $10 bill.
Being the first woman in space
Elected as the first female Prime Minister
Charity work

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Question 25 Do you know when women were allowed to be regular members of the RCMP?
1974
In 1974, there were more than 30 women hired onto the RCMP team. While women could work for the RCMP beforehand, they weren't hired as constables and took on other smaller roles instead.
1880
1749
1938

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Question 26 An inuksuk was used at one time by the Inuit for which of the following?
To tell direction
In the Northern parts of Canada, it's important to keep a sense of direction so that you know where you are. The Inuit once used the inuksuk to do exactly this. Now, they are used more commonly as a symbol of friendship.
To mark private property
To ward off animals
To represent important leaders in their community

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Question 27 It's one of the most important symbols of our country. Who designed the Canadian Flag?
George Stanley
George Stanley had big plans when it came to designing the Canadian flag, using his strong grasp of what makes Canada the great country that it is. He knew that it had to have the iconic Canadian colours as well as a symbol that represented the country, so he came up with the flag we now use today.
Sir John A. MacDonald
Chris Hadfield
John Diefenbaker

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Question 28 Helping many Canadians as they age, what was instated in 1966?
Canada Pension Plan
The Canada Pension Plan was created in 1966 to help older Canadian citizens with a bit of money to survive. Did you know that Quebec created its own version of the pension plan available to only citizens of the province?
Federal Education Plan
Senior Retirement Plan
Senior Health Plan

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Question 29 The first St. Jean Baptiste Day celebrated in Canada was held in which year?
1901
1796
1834
St. Jean Baptiste is an important day in French Canada. On June 24th, it is celebrated and considered a holiday in Quebec, a tradition that started back in the mid-1800s after a banquet was held in celebration of it.
2009

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Question 30 Many inventions have originated here, but which drug was invented here in Canada?
Diphenhydramine
Ibuprofen
Insulin
Sir Frederick Banting is credited with the invention of insulin, which has helped people worldwide who have diabetes. His invention rightfully earned him a Nobel Peace Prize for saving the lives of many all around the world.
Lipitor

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Question 31 Of the following, what city was made the capital of Canada in 1857?
Ottawa
Ottawa has been the capital of Canada since 1857 and continues to serve as the capital today. Due to its location, it seemed to be the obvious choice, but it was not officially the home of the government until 1866.
Toronto
Quebec City
Saskatoon

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Question 32 What was the name of the first postage stamp to be produced in Canada?
Royal Canadian Stamp
Official Stamp of the Dominion
Three Penny Beaver
There's no better fitting name than this perfectly Canadian mash-up! Despite having "three" in its name, there were actually four beavers printed on it, which was different at the time as other countries of the Commonwealth would have had a picture of the monarch on them.
The Stamp of Maple Leaves

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Question 33 We've done it three times in history, but which Canadian city didn't host the Olympics?
Vancouver
Montreal
Calgary
Toronto
Hosting the Olympics is a big deal, and Canada has done so three times. The winter games took place here twice while we hosted just one of the summer games. However, none of the games ever took place in Toronto.

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Question 34 The Dominion Parks Branch is now known today as what?
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Agriculture Canada
Parks Canada
Parks Canada is what we know it as today, but it was created in 1911 as a way to preserve certain areas of land known as National Parks. It strives to provide the opportunity for Canadians and visitors alike to enjoy Canada's remarkable beauty.
Royal Canadian Park System

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Question 35 At one time, Canada was divided into two areas. Which modern day province was once called "Lower Canada?"
Ontario
Quebec
Quebec took on the name of Lower Canada at this time while Ontario held the name of Upper Canada. Both were important parts of the nation which later expanded as time went on adding new provinces and territories.
Alberta
British Columbia

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