Can You Pass This EMT Certification Exam in 7 Minutes?
By: Todd Betzold
Image: vm / lauradyoung / E+ / Getty Images
About This Quiz
Like a ride in the ambulance, this quiz is going to be a quick one. We are challenging you to not only pass this EMT certification exam, but blow away the competition by passing it in just seven minutes! Time will tell, but that patient in the back is counting on you!
Have you ever stopped and truly thought about how important of a job an EMT is? These Emergency Medical Technicians meet people when they are in possibly the worst conditions of their lives. They are in the middle of an emergency and call an ambulance for help, and these EMTs have to assess the situation and make judgment calls all the time.
That's why EMTs tend to have a lot more training than you think. Not only are they passing this exam, but they are also going through a 2-year associate's degree program. This includes passing rigorous coursework and clinical training. Health care is no joke, which is why they take the job of an EMT so seriously. So, can you pass this quiz? You'll be asked everything from respiratory rates for adults to clearing an airway for an infant. Can you handle the pressure?
In modern ambulances, what is the leading cause of accidents?
With better technology in crew cabs, it can lead to distracted drivers. Technology can be good, but drivers need to be focused on the roads, too.
An increase in vehicle traffic
For manual ventilation, you should squeeze the bag how often for an adult patient?
Breaths should be administered every 5 to 6 seconds for adults during manual ventilation. This would give you a total of 10 to 12 breaths per minute.
What is it called when the heart muscles can't pump blood throughout the body?
Acute myocardial infarction
When the heart muscles can't pump blood throughout the body, it's called congestive heart failure. This lack of pumping interferes with the proper heart function.
Transient ischemic attack
How would wheezing be described?
A high-pitched whistling sound
When the lower airways narrow or are obstructed, wheezing happens. This causes that high-pitched, whistling sound, as the air is traveling through the narrowed space.
What is the most important aspect of a scene size-up?
Counting the number of patients
Determining if the scene is safe
You need to make sure a scene is safe before caring for the patient. If you don't, it could lead to injuries for you or your partner and more patients to treat.
Determining if you need additional help
Determining if it's a medical or trauma call
What are the most common symptoms of asthma?
Shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing
Asthma causes you to have an increase in mucus production and a constriction of the airways. These things often cause a person to cough, have shortness of breath and make those wheezing breath sounds.
What does the National Incident Management System (NIMS) do?
Used to prevent incidents from occurring
The command structure used to dictate an emergency situation
Allows multiple agencies to work together by providing guidelines and common terms
NIMS gives us a framework for multiple agencies to work together. It does not aid in prevention, nor does it dictate responsibility.
Gives the framework for the federal government to take responsibility of an incident
What is the normal respiratory rate of a newborn?
8 to 16 breaths per minute
16 to 24 breaths per minute
20 to 30 breaths per minute
30 to 60 breaths per minute
Newborns breathe a lot faster than adults. A normal range for a newborn would be between 30 to 60 breaths per minute.
What is the correct placement of the color-coded ECG cables?
White on right shoulder, black on left shoulder, red on right hip and green on left hip
White on left shoulder, black on left hip, red on right hip and green on right shoulder
White on left shoulder, black on right shoulder, red on right hip and green on left hip
White on right shoulder, black on left shoulder, red on left hip and green on right hip
The cables must be consistently placed every time. This ensures quality ECG tracing results that will accurately show the heart's activity.
You have a man who is feeling anxious and says that he can't breathe. What should you do?
Use a non-rebreather mask and put the flow to 10 LPM
Start manually ventilating
Check his respiratory rate and rhythm, his oxygen saturation and listen to lungs
He told you he couldn't breathe, so he is breathing. Assess the respiratory system to begin with.
He may be choking, so do an abdominal thrust.
What is the leading cause of death among school-age children between 6 and 12?
The CDC reports that injuries obtained from accidents are the leading cause of death among school-age children.
How often should vital signs be checked in an unstable patient?
Since the patient is unstable, keeping a close eye on vital signs is important. Timely action would be needed if the patient declines in status.
Before inserting a nasopharyngeal airway, what is the first thing you need to do?
EMTs need to make sure the right size of nasopharyngeal airway is selected. The airway may not be as effective if the wrong size is used.
Tilt the head back, lube the airway and insert it into the airway.
Make sure the nostrils are large enough for the nasopharyngeal airway.
Verify that the patient doesn't have a gag reflex.
For nitroglycerin administration on one chest pain incident, what is the maximum dosage frequency and time frame allowed?
2 doses; 10 minutes between doses
3 doses; 5 minutes between doses
You should never exceed the maximum dosage without doctor's orders. Higher doses of nitroglycerin could negatively impact cardiovascular conditions.
5 doses within 30 minutes
10 doses within 60 minutes
What is the amount of time you should spend on-scene for a critical patient?
Timing is important for a critical patient. Many procedures needed would be done at the hospital, so less time on the scene is needed.
As long as it takes to make them stable for transport
What would make airway management more difficult in a child than an adult?
Smaller jaw and a proportionally larger tongue
Children have a smaller jaw and their tongue is proportionally larger. This can make manual ventilation and intubation more difficult.
Shorter airway and a proportionally larger tongue
Smaller jaw, smaller teeth
No differences between the two.
What is an incident with many victims called?
Multiple Victim Incident (MVI)
Mass-Casualty Incident (MCI)
An MCI usually involves at least three patients. It's also an incident that could cause multiple casualties.
Mass Response Incident (MRI)
How many LPM can a nasal cannula be run at?
Anything over 6 LPM for a nasal cannula would dry the mucus membranes and be uncomfortable. If you need more than 6 LPM, switch to another device.
What type of defibrillator is recommended for a 4-month-old baby in cardiac arrest with an unknown cause?
For pediatric cardiac emergencies, they are mainly related to respiratory events. The most accurate device for an infant would be the use of the manual defibrillator.
AED with pediatric dose attenuator
AED without pediatric dose attenuator
A young man was just stung by a bee and is having trouble talking, breathing and has hives. You should immediately do all of the following except what?
Give the patient supplemental oxygen.
Check the bee sting for a possible infection.
The patient is in anaphylactic shock, so the epinephrine should be administered. The airway could be comprised due to swelling, so airway support is needed, as well as giving the patient supplemental oxygen.
Which of the following is not part of the female reproductive system?
The ureter is the duct by which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder, which makes it part of the urinary system.
You have an unresponsive patient with an intact gag reflex and tried to insert a nasal airway in right nostril, but met resistance and can't insert. What should you do next?
Try using the left nostril after making sure it's lubricated.
You should never force an airway in, and an oral airway wouldn't work for a patient with gag reflex. The wrong size airway would not be effective.
Use more force to insert it.
Try using a smaller airway.
Try using an oral airway instead.
In a dangerous situation where hazardous materials are suspected, where should an ambulance be parked?
At the station until called to scene
Upwind and/or uphill from the scene
If the ambulance it upwind or uphill, this prevents heavier than air chemicals from reaching it.
What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult?
8 to 12 breaths per minute
12 to 20 breaths per minute
A normal resting rate for an adult is between 12 and 20 breaths per minute. Anything above or below those rates would be considered abnormal.
20 to 30 breaths per minute
30 to 60 breaths per minute
Who is responsible for doing a daily inspection of the ambulance?
The staff who last used the vehicle
The staff assigned to that vehicle for the upcoming shift
Before using an ambulance, the EMTs need to perform a mechanical, safety and equipment inspection.
For manual ventilation, you should squeeze the bag how often for a child patient?
You should perform manual ventilation at a rate of 1 breath every 3 to 5 seconds for a child. This would give you a total of 12 to 20 breaths per minute.
An unresponsive adult patient just vomited and you need to suction the airway. How long should you do this for at one time?
Suctioning interferes with oxygenation, so it should not be done for more than 15 seconds at a time in an adult. It can be repeated if more material needs to be removed.
As long as it takes to clear the airway
The signs for what type of diabetic emergency include a weak and rapid pulse, clammy skin and low blood pressure?
The signs for hyperglycemia are very similar. However, blood pressure is usually within normal range.
You have a patient that isn't breathing adequately but has a pulse. Emergency care includes all of these except which one?
If the patient has a pulse then CPR is not needed. If the patient loses that pulse, that is when CPR would be initiated.
What does triage mean?
The way you bandage a wound
A method for determining how fast to transport a patient
The way you determine how many personnel are needed to care for a patient
A method of sorting patients based on the severity of their injuries
Injuries need to be assessed for severity. With triage, the goal is to do the greatest good for the most patients.
If acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) wasn't administered to a patient in a cardiovascular emergency, which of the following could be a reason why?
Ulcers and bleeding may be side effects of ASA, but it could still be administered. If there is a documented allergy to ASA, then it could not be administered.
You arrive on scene and family members say an unresponsive young female had "passed out." After analyzing the scene, what should you do next?
Check her blood pressure.
Check her temperature to see if she had heat stroke.
She may be diabetic, so check her blood sugar.
Check her pulse and breathing.
Since the patient is unresponsive, you may need to start CPR. You would find this out by checking her pulse and breathing, which is why it would be done first.
What part of the contact with EMS do patients say is the scariest?
A patient rides in the back of an ambulance, so the uncontrolled movements of the vehicle make it very unnerving. However, the ambulance needs to get to the hospital fast, so comfort takes a back seat!
Having procedures done on them
Being moved on a stretcher
Having a splint put on or being backboarded
How many lobes are the lungs made of?
The right lung has the upper, middle and lower lobe. The left lung has the upper and lower lobe, as room is needed for the heart.
What does the acronym ROSC mean?
Return Of Spontaneous Circulation
ROSC means return of spontaneous circulation. This happens when a patient who had no pulse and was unresponsive regains circulation during BLS, CPR and/or AED use.
Return On System Circulation
Reminder Of Seasonal Changes
Return Of Standard Circulation
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