Can You Pass This Firefighter Entrance Exam in 7 Minutes?

By: Todd Betzold
4 min
Image: ParkerDeen / E+ / Getty Images

Growing up, many boys and girls dreamed of being police officers or doctors or firefighters. They wanted to save the world, one arrest, surgery or house fire at a time! These kids got older and some of them shifted their dreams to being accountants or entrepreneurs or even CEOs.Â However, some of them continued to have those dreams and some of them even turned those dreams into realities. There are thousands of firefighters out there, but they had to pass an entrance exam before even attempting to become one. That is where we come into play!

If you are still dreaming of becoming a firefighter someday, then you have to take this quiz. The exam tests you on everything from emergency medical care to fire science basics and even math! Yeah, we probably scared some of you off with the mention of math!Â It's part of the exam, though, so are you up for the challenge? I mean, this quiz will only take you less than seven minutes to complete and in the end, you'll not only know the normal rate of breathing for an infant, but you'll also know if you are made to be a firefighter!

In what room of a single-family house is a fire most likely to start?
Laundry room
Bathroom
Bedroom
Kitchen
Half of all house fires begin in the kitchen. This is no surprise, though, as you cook there and have most of your appliances.

What class of fire uses combustible metals as its fuel source?
Class B
Class C
Class D
A Class D fire is a fire that uses combustible metal as its fuel source. Titanium, aluminum and magnesium are examples of combustible metals.
Class K

What is the perimeter of a triangle with sides measuring 7 inches, 14 inches and 18 inches?
14 inches
21 inches
39 inches
The perimeter of a triangle is the sum of the three sides. That means this would be 7 + 14 + 18 = 39.
1,764 inches

Blood pressure measures the rate blood is being pushed around your body. This gives you a functional status of what?
Brain function
The circulatory system
The circulatory system moves blood and lymph through the body. The system consists of the heart, blood vessels, blood, lymph and the lymphatic vessels and glands.
The lungs
Digestion

(-12)(-5) = What?
17
-17
60
The parentheses means to multiply the numbers together. When you multiply two negative numbers, the answer becomes a positive, so 60 is correct.
-60

For cooking-related fires in the United States, what is the root cause of the fire?
The type of pots and pans used
The ingredients used
Unattended cooking
Since you are dealing with flames, you should never leave your cooking food unattended. People do, which is why it is the root cause of cooking-related fires.
Mechanical issues with the oven or stove

If the patient has no pulse, a first responder must start what?
CPR
If there is no pulse, that means the heart may have stopped working. CPR needs to be started on the patient.
Back blows
Finger sweeps
Abdonominal thrusts

After arriving on the scene of a house fire, a witness is giving information. What is the most important question you can ask?
Whose house is this?
Do you know if anyone is still inside?
While all of these questions are important, knowing if anyone is inside the house still is the most important. If there are, you need to get them out.
Do you know how the fire started?
Did you see anyone leaving the house?

What is an infant's normal rate of breathing?
Between 10 to 15 breaths per minute
Between 15 to 20 breaths per minute
Between 20 to 30 breaths per minute
For children 1 to 5 years old, the normal rate of breathing is 20 to 30 breaths per minute. Babies under 6 months old have rates of 30 to 60 breaths per minute, and it goes down as children get older.
Between 30 to 40 breaths per minute

What is the normal rate of breathing for an adult?
Between 12 to 20 breaths per minute
The normal respiration rate for an adult is 12 to 20 breaths per minute. If the rate goes below 12 or over 25, then it is considered abnormal.
Between 20 to 30 breaths per minute
Between 30 to 40 breaths per minute
Over 40 breaths per minute

Who is the person responsible for all aspects of an emergency response?
Firefighter
Fire Chief
Incident commander
The incident commander is the person who would develop incident objectives and manages all incident operations.
Company officer

Using flammable liquid or gas as the fuel base is what class of fire?
Class A
Class B
Petroleum-based oils and paints are common liquid-based fuel sources for Class B fires. Common flammable gases are butane and propane.
Class C
Class K

High blood pressure can be linked to all of the following except which one?
Obesity
Hypotension
High blood pressure is called hypertension. Low blood pressure is called hypotension.
Stress
Kidney malfunction

To increase fire safety, what are firefighters instructed to tell homeowners?
Change the batteries in the smoke detectors twice a year.
Every six months, the batteries should be changed in a smoke detector. The other answers will increase your chances of starting a fire!
At night, use candles to light their home.
Use water to put out a grease fire on the stove.
Use the stove-top burners to heat their home.

When using the rule of nines, the head of an adult accounts for what percentage of the body when determining the extent of a burn?
1/9%
4.5%
9%
You estimate the body surface area of an adult that has been burned by using multiples of 9. For the head, it is 4.5% for the front and 4.5% for the back, so a total estimate of 9%.
18%

Which is an example of a reactive gas?
Ethane
Oxygen
Ammonia
When under pressure, ammonia gas forms a clear liquid. It isn't flammable, but containers of ammonia may explode when exposed to high heat.
Octane

What is the normal heart rate for adults?
Less than 30 beats per minute
30 to 60 beats per minute
60 to 100 beats per minute
The resting heart rate for adults and adolescents is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. A lower heart rate means more efficient heart function and better cardiovascular fitness.
Over 100 beats per minute

What does 5/20 look like as a decimal?
0.5
0.75
0.4
0.25
5/20 would mean 5 divided by 20. That would equal 0.25.

Combustible liquids have a flashpoint of what?
Less than 50Â°F
Less than 70Â°F
Less than 100Â°F
100Â°F or more
For flammable liquids, they have a flashpoint below 100Â°F. For combustible liquids, they have a flashpoint at or above 100Â°F.

A water tank at a firehouse measures 6 feet in length, 3 inches in width and 2 inches high. How many cubic feet of water can it hold?
11
12
18
36
Cubic feet is determined by multiplying the length, width and height. That means 6 x 3 x 2, which equals 36.

Without oxygen, how long before brain cells begin to die?
1 to 2 minutes
2 to 4 minutes
4 to 6 minutes
Brain cells are very sensitive without oxygen. They can start dying within 4 to 6 six minutes without oxygen, which can cause brain damage and death.
6 to 8 minutes

What percentage of fires are vehicle fires?
29.1%
8.3%
14.3%
14.3% of fires in 2016 were vehicle fires. 29.1% were residential, 8.3% were non-residential and 42.8% were outside fires.
42.8%

Which is the incorrect procedure to remove a foreign object from the airway of a conscious infant?
Apply chest compressions with the heel of your hand.
CPR is needed when a child is not breathing. This infant is conscious, so you need to do procedures to remove the object, not bring back their breathing.
Place the baby face down on your arm.
Deliver five back blows with the heel of your hand.
Move the infant to a supine position on your arm.

What is 0.78 shown as a fraction?
7/8
78/1
78/10
78/100
0.78 is considered to be to the one-hundredth spot. That means you would write a fraction of 78/100.

What type of gas is helium?
Flammable
Reactive
Inert
Any gas which does not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions is an inert or noble gas. Examples of inert gases are helium, neon, xenon, radon and argon.
Toxic

You are told to help stop the fire in a multi-room building. What would you do?
Spray down the adjoining rooms with water.
Close the doors between all the rooms.
Keeping the doors closed during a fire stops the smoke and flames from spreading to other rooms. It also keeps the fire from gaining more oxygen and strength.
Open up all of the windows.
None of the above.

For a responsive infant, where would you check the pulse rate?
Axillary artery
Brachial artery
First responders would use the brachial artery to check the pulse. This artery is located on the inside of the upper arm between the elbow and the shoulder.
Femoral artery
Ulnar artery

What is the sum of 3/4 and 2/3?
5/7
7/5
6/12
17/12
When adding fractions, you need a common denominator. That would be 12, so 3/4 changes to 9/12 and 2/3 changes to 8/12. Add them together and you get 17/12.

Which group of citizens is at the highest risk of dying in a fire?
Men
Women
Senior citizens
Compared to the population at large, people at age 65 are twice as likely to be killed or injured in a fire.
Children under 5 years old

Which of the following is an example of a plant fiber?
Wool
Mohair
Rayon
Cotton
There are a wide range of plants that are used to produce plant fibers, including cotton. Many of these plant fibers are grown as field crops to make rope, cloth and paper.

What is the rescue breathing rate for an adult?
One second per breath
One rescue breath should be given to adults every 6 to 8 seconds. Those breaths should last one second each.
Two seconds per breath
Three seconds per breath
No rescue breathing for an adult

What is the perimeter of a square that has a side measuring 7 inches?
7 inches
14 inches
28 inches
Since a square is even on each side, that means all sides of the square are 7 inches. The perimeter adds all of the sides together, so the perimeter would be 28 inches.
49 inches

What is the minimum size of an egress window?
5.0 square feet
5.7 square feet
An egress window is a window used for entry or exit in case of an emergency. The window opening can't exceed 44" from the finished floor.
6.0 square feet
6.7 square feet

If the victim has burns on their hands and feet, separate their fingers and toes with what?
Ice packs
Bandages
Splints
Dry, sterile dressing
The dressing will actually pull heat away from the burn and helps prevent any further burn injury. Once at the hospital, the dressings are easily removed, as they don't stick to the burn.