# Can You Pass This Firefighter Entrance Exam in 7 Minutes?

EMPLOYMENT

By: Todd Betzold

6 Min Quiz

Image: ParkerDeen / E+ / Getty Images

## About This Quiz

Growing up, many boys and girls dreamed of being police officers or doctors or firefighters. They wanted to save the world, one arrest, surgery or house fire at a time! These kids got older and some of them shifted their dreams to being accountants or entrepreneurs or even CEOs. However, some of them continued to have those dreams and some of them even turned those dreams into realities. There are thousands of firefighters out there, but they had to pass an entrance exam before even attempting to become one. That is where we come into play!

If you are still dreaming of becoming a firefighter someday, then you have to take this quiz. The exam tests you on everything from emergency medical care to fire science basics and even math! Yeah, we probably scared some of you off with the mention of math! It's part of the exam, though, so are you up for the challenge? I mean, this quiz will only take you less than seven minutes to complete and in the end, you'll not only know the normal rate of breathing for an infant, but you'll also know if you are made to be a firefighter!

# In what room of a single-family house is a fire most likely to start?

Half of all house fires begin in the kitchen. This is no surprise, though, as you cook there and have most of your appliances.

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# What class of fire uses combustible metals as its fuel source?

A Class D fire is a fire that uses combustible metal as its fuel source. Titanium, aluminum and magnesium are examples of combustible metals.

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# What is the perimeter of a triangle with sides measuring 7 inches, 14 inches and 18 inches?

The perimeter of a triangle is the sum of the three sides. That means this would be 7 + 14 + 18 = 39.

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# Blood pressure measures the rate blood is being pushed around your body. This gives you a functional status of what?

The circulatory system moves blood and lymph through the body. The system consists of the heart, blood vessels, blood, lymph and the lymphatic vessels and glands.

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# (-12)(-5) = What?

The parentheses means to multiply the numbers together. When you multiply two negative numbers, the answer becomes a positive, so 60 is correct.

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# For cooking-related fires in the United States, what is the root cause of the fire?

Since you are dealing with flames, you should never leave your cooking food unattended. People do, which is why it is the root cause of cooking-related fires.

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# If the patient has no pulse, a first responder must start what?

If there is no pulse, that means the heart may have stopped working. CPR needs to be started on the patient.

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# After arriving on the scene of a house fire, a witness is giving information. What is the most important question you can ask?

While all of these questions are important, knowing if anyone is inside the house still is the most important. If there are, you need to get them out.

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# What is an infant's normal rate of breathing?

For children 1 to 5 years old, the normal rate of breathing is 20 to 30 breaths per minute. Babies under 6 months old have rates of 30 to 60 breaths per minute, and it goes down as children get older.

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# What is the normal rate of breathing for an adult?

The normal respiration rate for an adult is 12 to 20 breaths per minute. If the rate goes below 12 or over 25, then it is considered abnormal.

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# Who is the person responsible for all aspects of an emergency response?

The incident commander is the person who would develop incident objectives and manages all incident operations.

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# Using flammable liquid or gas as the fuel base is what class of fire?

Petroleum-based oils and paints are common liquid-based fuel sources for Class B fires. Common flammable gases are butane and propane.

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# High blood pressure can be linked to all of the following except which one?

High blood pressure is called hypertension. Low blood pressure is called hypotension.

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# To increase fire safety, what are firefighters instructed to tell homeowners?

Every six months, the batteries should be changed in a smoke detector. The other answers will increase your chances of starting a fire!

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# When using the rule of nines, the head of an adult accounts for what percentage of the body when determining the extent of a burn?

You estimate the body surface area of an adult that has been burned by using multiples of 9. For the head, it is 4.5% for the front and 4.5% for the back, so a total estimate of 9%.

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# Which is an example of a reactive gas?

When under pressure, ammonia gas forms a clear liquid. It isn't flammable, but containers of ammonia may explode when exposed to high heat.

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# What is the normal heart rate for adults?

The resting heart rate for adults and adolescents is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. A lower heart rate means more efficient heart function and better cardiovascular fitness.

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# What does 5/20 look like as a decimal?

5/20 would mean 5 divided by 20. That would equal 0.25.

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# Combustible liquids have a flashpoint of what?

For flammable liquids, they have a flashpoint below 100°F. For combustible liquids, they have a flashpoint at or above 100°F.

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# A water tank at a firehouse measures 6 feet in length, 3 inches in width and 2 inches high. How many cubic feet of water can it hold?

Cubic feet is determined by multiplying the length, width and height. That means 6 x 3 x 2, which equals 36.

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# Without oxygen, how long before brain cells begin to die?

Brain cells are very sensitive without oxygen. They can start dying within 4 to 6 six minutes without oxygen, which can cause brain damage and death.

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# What percentage of fires are vehicle fires?

14.3% of fires in 2016 were vehicle fires. 29.1% were residential, 8.3% were non-residential and 42.8% were outside fires.

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# Which is the incorrect procedure to remove a foreign object from the airway of a conscious infant?

CPR is needed when a child is not breathing. This infant is conscious, so you need to do procedures to remove the object, not bring back their breathing.

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# What is 0.78 shown as a fraction?

0.78 is considered to be to the one-hundredth spot. That means you would write a fraction of 78/100.

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# What type of gas is helium?

Any gas which does not undergo chemical reactions under a set of given conditions is an inert or noble gas. Examples of inert gases are helium, neon, xenon, radon and argon.

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# You are told to help stop the fire in a multi-room building. What would you do?

Keeping the doors closed during a fire stops the smoke and flames from spreading to other rooms. It also keeps the fire from gaining more oxygen and strength.

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# For a responsive infant, where would you check the pulse rate?

First responders would use the brachial artery to check the pulse. This artery is located on the inside of the upper arm between the elbow and the shoulder.

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# What is the sum of 3/4 and 2/3?

When adding fractions, you need a common denominator. That would be 12, so 3/4 changes to 9/12 and 2/3 changes to 8/12. Add them together and you get 17/12.

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# Which group of citizens is at the highest risk of dying in a fire?

Compared to the population at large, people at age 65 are twice as likely to be killed or injured in a fire.

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# Which of the following is an example of a plant fiber?

There are a wide range of plants that are used to produce plant fibers, including cotton. Many of these plant fibers are grown as field crops to make rope, cloth and paper.

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# What is the rescue breathing rate for an adult?

One rescue breath should be given to adults every 6 to 8 seconds. Those breaths should last one second each.

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# What is the perimeter of a square that has a side measuring 7 inches?

Since a square is even on each side, that means all sides of the square are 7 inches. The perimeter adds all of the sides together, so the perimeter would be 28 inches.

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# What is the minimum size of an egress window?

An egress window is a window used for entry or exit in case of an emergency. The window opening can't exceed 44" from the finished floor.

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# If the victim has burns on their hands and feet, separate their fingers and toes with what?

The dressing will actually pull heat away from the burn and helps prevent any further burn injury. Once at the hospital, the dressings are easily removed, as they don't stick to the burn.

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# Radiated heat (ultraviolet/infrared) rays travel through space at the same speed as what?

Thermal radiation is considered electromagnetic radiation. Because of this, it travels at the same speed as light since it is light.

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