American English and British English have a lot in common. There are also many words that they do not share. An American puts their groceries in the trunk of a car, while the British call the rear compartment the boot. Americans go on vacation, while the British prefer to go on holiday. At a fair, Americans eat cotton candy, but the British call it candy floss.
Those are common words, but they are not slang per se because they are used as the proper terms for those items. Slang is informal. An example of slang would be a British person describing someone they are attracted to as "fit."
Some British slang comes from cockney rhyming slang, such as "butcher's hook," which means "take a look" and can be abbreviated to "butcher's." However, "Bob's your uncle," which currently means "there you have it" is not a case of rhyming slang. It may come from the time Robert 'Bob" Cecil unpopularity appointed his nephew as Chief Secretary of Ireland.
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"Mate" is also used to address strangers in informal situations. The American English equivalent is "pal."
"Chuffed" is often used in the phrase "chuffed to bits." The word originates from a 1950s dialect where chuff meant "plump or pleased."
To "lose the plot" is to act in a disorganized or irrational manner. It can also mean to no longer understand a situation.
A "kip" usually takes place in somewhere that is not your own bed. It often refers to a nap.
"Wonky" can also refer to something that is not level. Another definition is something that is unsatisfactory.
"Dodgy" entered English in the 1860s with the meaning of evasive or tricky. It also means anything that is not sound or reliable.
While Americans would say someone is a "nut," a British English speaker would say they are a "nutter." A "nutter" is someone who behaves strangely. It can also be used to describe someone who is insane, but that usage is offensive.
If you "nick" something, you may get "nicked." "Nick" is used to mean both "to steal" and "to be arrested."
The origin of "quid" is not known for certain. However, the prevailing theory is that it comes form the Latin phrase "quid pro quo," which means "one thing for another."
"Collywobbles" is used to describe stomach pain. It can also be used in cases of extreme anxiety or nervousness.
A "dog's dinner" means the same thing as a "dog's breakfast." The phrase can also be used in "dressed like a dog's dinner," which means dressed inappropriately for an occasion.
"Uni" is a shortened form of university. It entered English in the late 19th century from Australia.
"Bits and bobs" can also refer to many different types of little jobs. Synonyms include hodgepodge and mishmash.
"Rubbish" means worthless or untrue. It can also refer to trash as in "rubbish bin," which in American English would be called a trashcan.
A chinwag can be about everyday life, such as gossip. It is a pleasant conversation.
"Cheesed off" can also mean disappointed with something. The origin is unknown, but it was first recorded in the mid-1900s.
Codswallop was first recorded in the 1960s. Synonyms include balderdash, claptrap, and baloney.
In the 1950s, "dosh" began to be used. Synonyms for "dosh" include "moolah" and "cheddar."
The slang "gogglebox" dates to the mid-1900s. The word is also the name of a British reality show where people watch television and their reactions are filmed.
Not only does "knackered" mean very tired, it can also mean broken or two old to use. The word is also used in Australia.
The term "pear-shaped" likely originates as Royal Air Force slang. The phrase is mainly used in the United Kingdom, but can occasionally be heard in Ireland, Australia, and South Africa.
"Skint" means penniless. It was first record in the 1920s.
A "snog" is a long period of kissing and cuddling. The word was first documented in the 1940s.
"Naff" was first used in the 1950s. It can be used to be a lack of taste or in the phrase "naff off" to tell someone to go away.
"Plonk" is inferior wine. It was first used in 1930s Australia.
An off-licence sells alcoholic beverages that are consumed elsewhere. The word also refers to the licence that permits alcohol sales.
"All mouth and no trousers" is sometimes said as "all mouth and trouser." An American may say all bark and no bite.
In the early-1800s, argy-bargy was first used. It is a reduplication that comes from Scots and English dialect "argy," which means argue.
"Corker" can be used to describe a person or thing. It can also refer to a remark that cannot be argued with, so it ends a discussion.
Earwigs are small insects with what look like pincers. They were once thought to crawl into human ears. This is where the slang comes from.
"Know one's onions" means to be knowledgeable or skilled in a subject. Synonyms are to be a master or qualified in some subject.
A "numpty" is a stupid or ineffectual person. The word is of Scottish origin and was first used in the 1980s.
The meaning "to avoid school or work without permission" was first recorded in the late 1800s. It may be derived from the French word "esquiver," which means "to dodge or evade."
"Taking the Mickey" comes from Cockney rhyming slang for "taking the piss." If you are teasing someone, then you would be "taking the Mickey out of" them. Sometimes people will substitute "Mick" or "Michael" for "Mickey."
"Wag off" means to be truant. It can also mean to waste time.