Cataclysmic Battles of World War I

Estimated Completion Time
3 min
Cataclysmic Battles of World War I
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About This Quiz

The Great War set fire to Europe and spun the wheels of World War II. How much do you know about World War I battles?
Which country's army went on the offensive at the beginning of the Battle of Verdun?
France
Italy
Germany
In February of 1916, Germany's 5th Army began an offensive against the French. The Battle of Verdun lasted for more than 9 agonizing months.

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How many casualties per month did the Battle of Verdun inflict on both German and French forces?
200,000 per month
150,000 per month
70,000 per month
The Battle of Verdun was a disheartening meatgrinder, causing 70,000 casualties per month. Some estimates show that roughly half a million soldiers -- on each side -- were killed during the ordeal.

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In the end, which side eventually won the Battle of Verdun?
France
Several French forts in the Verdun area fell to German forces, but Verdun itself held strong. By the end of 1916, French forces retook most of the fortifications that the Germans stormed.
Germany
It was a draw.

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Which war tool made its first appearance at the First Battle of the Marne?
machine guns
mustard gas
reconnaissance aircraft
At the First Battle of the Marne, the Allies began using aircraft to spy on enemy lines. That information helped the Allies find parts of the German lines that were vulnerable to attack.

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How many men fought in the First Battle of the Marne?
more than 2 million
More than 2 million men fought in the First Battle of the Marne. In total, both sides suffered more than half a million casualties.
more than 4 million
more than 6 million

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The Battle of the Ardennes was fought in which kind of terrain?
forest
During the Battle of the Ardennes, French and German armies clashed in a heavily wooded area. The Germans dug in and beat back the French, managing to secure a victory along with iron resources to assist their war efforts.
mountains
swamps

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The Battle of Cambrai is famous partly for its use of which weapon?
bomber aircraft
tanks
The British brought hundreds of tanks to a trench fight, astonishing the Germans with their newfangled machines. The tanks smashed barbed wire and cleared paths for infantry to advance.
poison gas

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Which country was invaded by the Germans during the Battle of the Frontiers?
Belgium
Italy
France
Germany pushed deep into France during the Battle of the Frontiers, which was actually a series of battles fought along the Western Front.

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Which country lost almost an entire army during the Battle of Tannenberg?
Germany
France
Russia
An effective German attack destroyed most of the Russian Second Army at the Battle of Tannenberg. The Germans used rail lines to quickly move troops and supplies around the battle front.

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The French developed Plan 17, which helped guide strategies in which battle?
Battle of Pilckem Ridge
Battle of the Frontiers
Plan 17 included several actions to guide French forces in the event of a German invasion. The plan led to the Battle of the Frontiers, which resulted in heavy French losses and a Germany victory.
Battle of Passchendaele

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How long did the Battle of Charleroi last?
three days
The Battle of Charleroi lasted about three days. The Germans pushed the French army back over and over again in this time period and got within sight of Paris.
three weeks
three months

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Which army took the offensive at the beginning of the Battle of Messines?
German
British
At the Battle of Messines, the British Second Army started an offensive that eventually helped them to retake territory captured by the Germans.
French

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In total, how many soldiers were killed during all battles during the first year of World War I?
700,000
500,000
1 million
More than 1 million men died in the first year of fighting. As casualties mounted, the entire world reeled at the immense carnage caused by modern weapons.

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The front that made up the Battle of the Somme was how many miles long?
15 miles
The Battle of the Somme had a 15-mile front. For five months, French and British forces fought the Germans in one of the bloodiest battles in history.
30 miles
45 miles

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For how many days did the British pound German lines with artillery before advancing during the first charge of the Battle of the Somme?
18 days
13 days
7 days
The British attacked the Germans with artillery for seven days, all for naught. The Germans stayed safe in their trenches and when the British infantry advanced, they mowed them down.

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How many British soliders died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme?
more than 9,000
more than 19,000
More than 19,000 British soldiers died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. The British carried more than 57,000 casualties on just the first day.
more than 26,000

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Where did the most critical aspects of the Battle of Jutland take place?
on sea
The Battle of Jutland was the biggest naval battle of World War I. By the end of the battle, nearly 10,000 sailors had lost their lives.
in the air
in trenches

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The Retreat from Mons is also known as what?
the Great Retreat
The Retreat from Mons is also called the Great Retreat, as Allied forces fell back from the Western Front after being defeated at the Battle of Charleroi.
the Fallback
the Great Desertion

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With both sides combined, how many ships participated in the Battle of Jutland?
250
About 250 ships clashed during the Battle of Jutland. At the end of the battle, the British navy had pushed back the Germans and established a blockade that would ultimately help the Allies win the war.
550
830

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How many Battles of Ypres were there during the war?
two
three
There were three major Battles of Ypres during World War I. In the third battle alone, both sides absorbed hundreds of thousands of casualties.
four

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How many Italians were missing following their defeat at the Battle of Caporetto?
about 100,000
about 210,000
about 350,000
The Battle of Caporetto was a horrific defeat for the Italians. More than 260,000 were captured and 350,000 were missing by the time the dust settled.

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Which side won the First Battle of the Marne?
Germans
Allies
The First Battle of the Marne was a decisive victory for the Allies, helping to stop the Germans from entering Paris.
Neither side won.

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What was the longest battle of World War I?
Battle of Verdun
The Battle of Verdun was the longest of the war, lasting from February to December of 1916. Although the Allies won, they lost hundreds of thousands of troops in the process.
Battle of Messines
Battle of the Somme

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In what month did the Second Battle of Artois begin?
May
The Second Battle of Artois began in May and lasted through mid-June in 1915.
February
November

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Which country's army was NOT present at the Second Battle of Artois?
United States
The U.S. wasn't part of the Second Battle of Artois. France, along with the British Empire, attacked the Germans and suffered heavy casualties during the battle.
France
Canada

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In what year did the First Battle of Ypres take place?
1914
The First Battle of Ypres was a month-long engagement at the end of 1914. The second battle didn't begin until April of the next year.
1915
1916

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The First Battle of the Ypres is notable for what reason?
It happened during a cease fire.
the use of poison gas
The Germans used the battle to test chlorine gas, which worked very well, killing thousands of Allied troops and sending survivors scurrying in a panicked retreat.
The Germans lost 20,000 men in one afternoon.

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Which side won the First Battle of the Aisne?
Allies
Germans
indecisive
The First Battle of the Aisne found the Germans halting a retreat to face the Allied forces chasing them across France. In the end, neither side could claim victory.

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Which army unleashed chlorine gas at the Battle of Loos in 1915?
British
The British released chlorine gas against the Germans at the Battle of Loos. The plan backfired at times, as the wind blew the gas back into British lines in some places.
German
French

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In what year did the Battle of Amiens take place?
1916
1917
1918
The Battle of Amiens occurred in August 1918. The Allies pushed back the Germans by more than 7 miles in a single day, helping to create momentum that eventually led to an Allied victory in the war.

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