Cataclysmic Battles of World War I

By: Nathan Chandler
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

The Great War set fire to Europe and spun the wheels of World War II. How much do you know about World War I battles?

Which country's army went on the offensive at the beginning of the Battle of Verdun?

In February of 1916, Germany's 5th Army began an offensive against the French. The Battle of Verdun lasted for more than 9 agonizing months.

How many casualties per month did the Battle of Verdun inflict on both German and French forces?

The Battle of Verdun was a disheartening meatgrinder, causing 70,000 casualties per month. Some estimates show that roughly half a million soldiers -- on each side -- were killed during the ordeal.

In the end, which side eventually won the Battle of Verdun?

Several French forts in the Verdun area fell to German forces, but Verdun itself held strong. By the end of 1916, French forces retook most of the fortifications that the Germans stormed.

Which war tool made its first appearance at the First Battle of the Marne?

At the First Battle of the Marne, the Allies began using aircraft to spy on enemy lines. That information helped the Allies find parts of the German lines that were vulnerable to attack.

How many men fought in the First Battle of the Marne?

More than 2 million men fought in the First Battle of the Marne. In total, both sides suffered more than half a million casualties.

The Battle of the Ardennes was fought in which kind of terrain?

During the Battle of the Ardennes, French and German armies clashed in a heavily wooded area. The Germans dug in and beat back the French, managing to secure a victory along with iron resources to assist their war efforts.

The Battle of Cambrai is famous partly for its use of which weapon?

The British brought hundreds of tanks to a trench fight, astonishing the Germans with their newfangled machines. The tanks smashed barbed wire and cleared paths for infantry to advance.

Which country was invaded by the Germans during the Battle of the Frontiers?

Germany pushed deep into France during the Battle of the Frontiers, which was actually a series of battles fought along the Western Front.

Which country lost almost an entire army during the Battle of Tannenberg?

An effective German attack destroyed most of the Russian Second Army at the Battle of Tannenberg. The Germans used rail lines to quickly move troops and supplies around the battle front.

The French developed Plan 17, which helped guide strategies in which battle?

Plan 17 included several actions to guide French forces in the event of a German invasion. The plan led to the Battle of the Frontiers, which resulted in heavy French losses and a Germany victory.

How long did the Battle of Charleroi last?

The Battle of Charleroi lasted about three days. The Germans pushed the French army back over and over again in this time period and got within sight of Paris.

Which army took the offensive at the beginning of the Battle of Messines?

At the Battle of Messines, the British Second Army started an offensive that eventually helped them to retake territory captured by the Germans.

In total, how many soldiers were killed during all battles during the first year of World War I?

More than 1 million men died in the first year of fighting. As casualties mounted, the entire world reeled at the immense carnage caused by modern weapons.

The front that made up the Battle of the Somme was how many miles long?

The Battle of the Somme had a 15-mile front. For five months, French and British forces fought the Germans in one of the bloodiest battles in history.

For how many days did the British pound German lines with artillery before advancing during the first charge of the Battle of the Somme?

The British attacked the Germans with artillery for seven days, all for naught. The Germans stayed safe in their trenches and when the British infantry advanced, they mowed them down.

How many British soliders died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme?

More than 19,000 British soldiers died on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. The British carried more than 57,000 casualties on just the first day.

Where did the most critical aspects of the Battle of Jutland take place?

The Battle of Jutland was the biggest naval battle of World War I. By the end of the battle, nearly 10,000 sailors had lost their lives.

The Retreat from Mons is also known as what?

The Retreat from Mons is also called the Great Retreat, as Allied forces fell back from the Western Front after being defeated at the Battle of Charleroi.

With both sides combined, how many ships participated in the Battle of Jutland?

About 250 ships clashed during the Battle of Jutland. At the end of the battle, the British navy had pushed back the Germans and established a blockade that would ultimately help the Allies win the war.

How many Battles of Ypres were there during the war?

There were three major Battles of Ypres during World War I. In the third battle alone, both sides absorbed hundreds of thousands of casualties.

How many Italians were missing following their defeat at the Battle of Caporetto?

The Battle of Caporetto was a horrific defeat for the Italians. More than 260,000 were captured and 350,000 were missing by the time the dust settled.

Which side won the First Battle of the Marne?

The First Battle of the Marne was a decisive victory for the Allies, helping to stop the Germans from entering Paris.

What was the longest battle of World War I?

The Battle of Verdun was the longest of the war, lasting from February to December of 1916. Although the Allies won, they lost hundreds of thousands of troops in the process.

In what month did the Second Battle of Artois begin?

The Second Battle of Artois began in May and lasted through mid-June in 1915.

Which country's army was NOT present at the Second Battle of Artois?

The U.S. wasn't part of the Second Battle of Artois. France, along with the British Empire, attacked the Germans and suffered heavy casualties during the battle.

In what year did the First Battle of Ypres take place?

The First Battle of Ypres was a month-long engagement at the end of 1914. The second battle didn't begin until April of the next year.

The First Battle of the Ypres is notable for what reason?

The Germans used the battle to test chlorine gas, which worked very well, killing thousands of Allied troops and sending survivors scurrying in a panicked retreat.

Which side won the First Battle of the Aisne?

The First Battle of the Aisne found the Germans halting a retreat to face the Allied forces chasing them across France. In the end, neither side could claim victory.

Which army unleashed chlorine gas at the Battle of Loos in 1915?

The British released chlorine gas against the Germans at the Battle of Loos. The plan backfired at times, as the wind blew the gas back into British lines in some places.

In what year did the Battle of Amiens take place?

The Battle of Amiens occurred in August 1918. The Allies pushed back the Germans by more than 7 miles in a single day, helping to create momentum that eventually led to an Allied victory in the war.

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