A Nation Divided: Civil War Quiz

Estimated Completion Time
3 min
A Nation Divided: Civil War Quiz
Image: Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Although it ended more than a century ago, the scars of the Civil War are still with Americans today. Think you know more than the average Billy Yank or Johnny Reb about the blood and politics behind the war? Find out by taking our Civil War quiz.
What city was chosen as the confederate capital in 1861?
Richmond, Va.
On May 21, 1861, Richmond, Va. was chosen as the capital of the Confederate states.
Chattanooga, Tenn.
Corinth, Miss.

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Which of these claimed the most lives during the Civil War?
guns
cannon fire
disease
Roughly two-thirds of all those killed in the Civil War were lost to disease rather than weapons. Childhood illnesses like measles claimed many lives, while more than a million Union soldiers developed malaria during the war.

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Who won the American Civil War?
the South
the North
Victory was claimed by the northern armies. The seceded states then returned to the Union.
There was no clear winner.

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Where did General Lee surrender to General Grant, finally ending the bloody battle?
New York
Maryland
Virginia
Lee surrendered to Grant at a private home in the village of Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865.

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How many states eventually ended up seceding from the Union?
5
21
11
Only seven states -- South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas -- seceded at first. But after Lincoln's call for a militia to enforce federal authority, four border states -- Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina -- seceded and joined the Confederacy.

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Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Civil War?
disagreement over slavery
disagreement over states' rights
disagreement over the electoral college process
Both the debate over slavery and over states' rights versus federal power were major causes of the Civil War. The states' rights in question mostly related to slavery, such as the right to take enslaved people from slave states into free states without their being freed.

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About how many American soldiers lost their lives in the Civil War?
6,000
60,000
600,000
More than 600,000 American soldiers lost their lives in four years at a time when the total U.S. population was around 34,000,000.

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Which two ironclad ships battled it out during at the Battle of Hampton Roads?
The Merriwether and Mortimer
The Minotaur and Maverick
The Merrimack and Monitor
The ships Merrimack and Monitor fought the famous naval battle. The two ships were called ironclads because they were covered with iron. The remains of the Merrimack had been rechristened as the Virginia by the time this battle actually took place, but the battle is still widely known as being between the Monitor and the Merrimack.

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The Civil War killed more Americans than WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War combined.
True
More Americans lost their lives in the Civil War than in these four wars combined. To include the names of all those lost, a Civil War monument would have to be 10 times the length of the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington DC.
False

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What happened to John Wilkes Booth after he assassinated President Lincoln?
he was imprisoned for many years
he was killed by Union troops
John Wilkes Booth was tracked by Union troops to a Virginal barn. After setting the barn on fire to smoke Booth out, they eventually shot him to death.
no one knows for sure

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What was the South's view of slavery during the Civil War?
Slavery was necessary to its economy.
Slavery was constitutionally protected.
both of the above
The South felt that the government shouldn’t interfere with slavery because it was necessary for a healthy economy and the constitution protected the institution of slavery. The southern states also felt that freeing the slaves would lead to a revolution.

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Who became president once Lincoln was assassinated?
Grant
Johnson
VP Andrew Johnson took on the role of U.S. President once Lincoln died. While John Wilkes Booth originally planned to kill both Johnson and Lincoln, his plans changed, leaving Johnson to lead the mourning nation.
Davis

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What did Lincoln call his "greatest and most enduring contribution to the history of the war"?
the Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln told newspaper reporter James Scovel that the Emancipation Proclamation would be "my greatest and most enduring contribution to the history of the war."
the Gettysburg Address
appointing Ulysses S. Grant to commander of Union Forces

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Where were the first shots of the war fired?
Fort Scott
Fort Harrison
Fort Sumter
When President Lincoln ordered reinforcement of Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, the first shots of the war were fired. On April 12, 1861, Confederate batteries opened fire on Major Robert Anderson's federal garrison. With the surrender of the fort the next day, all efforts at compromise were abandoned.

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Which 1865 Constitutional amendment abolished slavery?
11th
12th
13th
Ratified in 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery. It was quickly followed by the 14th and 15th amendments, which granted blacks equal citizenship and the right to vote, respectively.

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Which battle was the bloodiest of the Civil War?
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Chickamauga
Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle, resulting in 51,000 casualties.

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Which of the following is NOT another name for the American Civil War?
War of the Rebellion
War of the People
The Civil War was also called the War Between the States, the War of the Rebellion, the War for the Union and the War for Southern Independence.
War Between the States

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What popular battle was also called the Battle of Manassas?
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Bull Run
The Battle of Bull Run was also called the Battle of Manassas.
Battle of Shiloh

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Which famous battle was fought in 1862?
Gettysburg
Antietam
The Battle of Antietam, a major battle of the American Civil War, was fought in September 1862. It was the bloodiest single day of the war. Gettysburg was fought in the following year, 1963. Custer's Last Stand was in 1876 during the Plains Indian War, not the Civil War.
Custer's Last Stand

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What other battle was going on while the Battle of Gettysburg was being fought in Pennsylvania?
Cedar Creek
Shiloh
Vicksburg
The Siege of Vicksburg, which lasted from May 19 to July 4, 1863, was going on during Gettysburg and was also a decisive battle in the Civil War.

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Which side relied on hot air balloons for reconnaissance missions during the Civil War?
North
South
both sides
Both sides used hot air balloons during the War, though the North had much greater success with this technology.

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Which of the following allowed a male citizen aged 20 to 45 exemption from the draft?
providing a substitute
paying $300
either method would work
On March 3, 1863, the United States Congress enacted a draft. Male citizens could opt out of this by either paying $300 or providing a substitute.

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What did Lincoln suggest doing to African-Americans when the war started?
freeing them and granting them equal rights
keeping them as slaves
sending them out of the country
In 1862, Lincoln was an advocate of colonization, believing that whites and blacks would never be able to live in peace. He dropped the idea after a failed plan to send African-Americans to Central America.

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How many days after Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox was Abraham Lincoln shot and killed?
five
John Wilkes Booth shot Lincoln on April 14, 1865, five days after Lee's surrender at Appomattox on April 9, 1865.
15
25

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How many formerly enslaved people were freed thanks to the Civil War?
400,000
4,000,000
Four million African-Americans won their freedom thanks to the Civil War -- representing an "economic loss" of $3 billion to the Southern states.
40,000,000

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What brought the Confederate Army troops to Gettysburg, Penn. for the decisive battle?
They had to take an emergency detour from their original trail.
The roads went through there.
Here's the oft-repeated story: Confederate Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill, in desperate need of shoes for his men, pursued a tip that there were shoes in Gettysburg. Sadly, this fun tidbit is apocryphal and wasn't documented until 14 years later. In reality, they had to go through Gettysburg, because that's where the roads went.
They needed shoes.

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What percentage of the Union Army was African-American?
30 percent
2 percent
10 percent
10 percent of the Union Army consisted of African-Americans.

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Which side used submarines during battle in the Civil War?
North
South
The South not only used submarines against the North, but their Hunley sub became the first submarine in history to destroy and enemy ship.
both

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How many versions of the Gettysburg address are there?
at least two
at least five
There are at least five. After Lincoln delivered the speech, he revised it at least four more times for publication. Each of these drafts is named after the person who received it from Lincoln.
around 10

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Why are there often two names for the same battle?
The media named them differently from the armies.
The Union and the Confederacy named them differently.
Union commanders chose names based on close rivers or creeks. Confederate commanders typically named battles after the nearest city or town.
Both answers are correct.

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You Got:
/30
Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images
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