Although it ended more than a century ago, the scars of the Civil War are still with Americans today. Think you know more than the average Billy Yank or Johnny Reb about the blood and politics behind the war? Find out by taking our Civil War quiz.
What city was chosen as the confederate capital in 1861?
On May 21, 1861, Richmond, Va. was chosen as the capital of the Confederate states.
Which of these claimed the most lives during the Civil War?
Roughly two-thirds of all those killed in the Civil War were lost to disease rather than weapons. Childhood illnesses like measles claimed many lives, while more than a million Union soldiers developed malaria during the war.
How many states eventually ended up seceding from the Union?
Only seven states -- South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana and Texas -- seceded at first. But after Lincoln's call for a militia to enforce federal authority, four border states -- Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina -- seceded and joined the Confederacy.
Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Civil War?
disagreement over slavery
disagreement over states' rights
disagreement over the electoral college process
Both the debate over slavery and over states' rights versus federal power were major causes of the Civil War. The states' rights in question mostly related to slavery, such as the right to take enslaved people from slave states into free states without their being freed.
Which two ironclad ships battled it out during at the Battle of Hampton Roads?
The Merriwether and Mortimer
The Minotaur and Maverick
The Merrimack and Monitor
The ships Merrimack and Monitor fought the famous naval battle. The two ships were called ironclads because they were covered with iron. The remains of the Merrimack had been rechristened as the Virginia by the time this battle actually took place, but the battle is still widely known as being between the Monitor and the Merrimack.
The Civil War killed more Americans than WWI, WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War combined.
More Americans lost their lives in the Civil War than in these four wars combined. To include the names of all those lost, a Civil War monument would have to be 10 times the length of the Vietnam War Memorial in Washington DC.
What was the South's view of slavery during the Civil War?
Slavery was necessary to its economy.
Slavery was constitutionally protected.
both of the above
The South felt that the government shouldn’t interfere with slavery because it was necessary for a healthy economy and the constitution protected the institution of slavery. The southern states also felt that freeing the slaves would lead to a revolution.
Who became president once Lincoln was assassinated?
VP Andrew Johnson took on the role of U.S. President once Lincoln died. While John Wilkes Booth originally planned to kill both Johnson and Lincoln, his plans changed, leaving Johnson to lead the mourning nation.
When President Lincoln ordered reinforcement of Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, the first shots of the war were fired. On April 12, 1861, Confederate batteries opened fire on Major Robert Anderson's federal garrison. With the surrender of the fort the next day, all efforts at compromise were abandoned.
The Battle of Antietam, a major battle of the American Civil War, was fought in September 1862. It was the bloodiest single day of the war. Gettysburg was fought in the following year, 1963. Custer's Last Stand was in 1876 during the Plains Indian War, not the Civil War.
What did Lincoln suggest doing to African-Americans when the war started?
freeing them and granting them equal rights
keeping them as slaves
sending them out of the country
In 1862, Lincoln was an advocate of colonization, believing that whites and blacks would never be able to live in peace. He dropped the idea after a failed plan to send African-Americans to Central America.
What brought the Confederate Army troops to Gettysburg, Penn. for the decisive battle?
They had to take an emergency detour from their original trail.
The roads went through there.
Here's the oft-repeated story: Confederate Maj. Gen. A.P. Hill, in desperate need of shoes for his men, pursued a tip that there were shoes in Gettysburg. Sadly, this fun tidbit is apocryphal and wasn't documented until 14 years later. In reality, they had to go through Gettysburg, because that's where the roads went.