The Ultimate Colorectal Cancer Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Colorectal Cancer Quiz
Image: ©iStockphoto.com/Ljupco

About This Quiz

Colorectal cancer, also known as colon cancer, can take years to develop. If left unrecognized and untreated, it can lead to serious health complications, including the spreading of cancer to other vital areas of the body. Take this quiz and learn about the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of colorectal cancer.
Colorectal cancer involves the:
colon
intestine
colon and intestine
The colon actually begins at the small intestine and ends at the rectum. Therefore, colorectal cancer involves the colon and the intestine.

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Where does colorectal cancer start?
in the rectum
in the lining of the bowel
Colorectal cancer starts in the lining of the bowel. Colorectral cancer develops over a long period of time and typically grows down the colon.
in the intestine

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Which of the following may be a sign of colorectal cancer?
soft stools
small dark stools
Dark stools, called melena are a sign of colorectal cancer. Smaller stools are also a symptom of colorectal cancer.
liquidity, light colored stools

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What are the symptoms of colorectal cancer?
blood in the stool and anemia
gas pain, abdominal distress and hemorrhoids
both of the above
There are several signs that may point to colorectal cancer, including blood in the stool, anemia, gas pain, abdominal distress, hemorrhoids, changes in bowel habits and mucous discharge from the rectum.

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If colorectal cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it can cause other health concerns, such as:
liver cancer and jaundice
lung cancer and loss of appetite
both of the above
If left untreated, colorectal cancer can spread throughout the body, reeking havoc on other bodily systems. It can lead to liver cancer, jaundice, liver pain, lung cancer, loss of appetite and weight loss.

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In addition to common colorectal cancer symptoms, there are also less common symptoms that are equally as concerning, such as:
thrombophlebitis and muscle problems
Colorectal cancer may also cause thrombophlebitis, which is an inflammation of the veins in the leg, muscle problems, swollen lymph nodes, and rare conditions that cause skin discoloration.
pancreatic problems and vision problems
both of the above

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Colorectal cancer is fairly common and is the _____ most common form of cancer.
second
third
Colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer. People over the age of 40 are at increased risk for developing colorectal cancer.
fourth

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Which of the following health conditions is a risk factor for developing colorectal cancer?
diabetes
leaky gut syndrome
ulcerative colitis
Ulcerative colitis, which is an inflammation of the colon that leads to ulcers, is a risk factor for developing colorectal cancer.

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Which of the following is a risk factor for developing colorectal cancer?
smoking
genetics
both of the above
You are at greater risk of developing colorectal cancer if you have a family history of the condition. Smoking, environmental factors, and polyps are also risk factors for developing colorectal cancer.

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A diet high in __________ is a risk factor for developing colorectal cancer.
meat
Eating a lot of meat and not enough fiber may place you at risk for developing colorectal cancer.
grains
dairy products

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What should you include in your diet to prevent colorectal cancer?
calcium
fiber
both of the above
A diet high in calcium and fiber can prevent colorectal cancer. Also consider taking aspirin and vitamin E, both of which have been found to reduce colorectal cancer risk.

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What is a sigmoidoscopy?
It's an analysis of your stool.
It's a procedure whereby a doctor can examine your colon.
A sigmoidoscopy involves placing a small tube up your rectum so that your doctor can examine your sigmoid colon.
It's a special X-ray for examining your intestine.

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Beginning at 50 years, how often should you have a sigmoidoscopy?
every year
every two years
every three to five years
Your risk of developing colorectal cancer drastically increases after age 50. For this reason, it is recommended that you have a sigmoidoscopy every three to five years.

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What is a colectomy?
A special procedure for removing polyps in the colon.
A special procedure that cleans out the colon.
Removal of the colon.
People who have a strong family history of colorectal cancer, a history of polyps or ulcerative colitis, may choose to undergo a colectomy, which involves removing the colon.

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How are colorectal polyps removed?
by ingesting an acidic substance
by a sigmoidoscopy
Your doctor can easily remove colorectal polyps by doing a sigmoidoscopy. Removal of colorectal polyps is essential, because if left inside your colon, these polyps can become cancerous.
by radiation therapy

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How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?
colonoscopy
endoscopy
either of the above
Colorectal cancer can be diagnosed several ways, by a colonoscopy, by an endoscopy, or by colon surgery.

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Colorectal cancer that has spread to the bowel, but nowhere is else, is at what stage?
Stage A
Stage B1 and B2
Stage B1 and B2 colorectal cancer indicates that the cancer has spread to the bowel, but not to the lymph nodes or anywhere else.
Stage C and C2

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Colorectal cancer that has spread to the bowel, lymph nodes and elsewhere, is at what stage?
Stage C1 and C2
Stage D
Stage D colorectal cancer indicates that the cancer has spread to the bowel, lymph nodes and other sites, such as the lungs or liver.
Terminal stage E

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What is the prognosis of Stage D colorectal cancer?
It can be cured with very aggressive radiation and chemotherapy.
It can be cured with experimental drugs.
It is likely a terminal situation.
The prognosis of recovery from Stage D colorectal cancer is unlikely. Someone with Stage D colorectal cancer may be able to survive for weeks or even years, depending on the nature and location of the cancer.

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What are the side effects of radiation and chemotherapy for colorectal cancer?
bladder inflammation and erectile dysfunction
inflammation of the prostate and pelvic burns
both of the above
Colorectal cancer is treated with aggressive radiation and chemotherapy, which typically results in several significant side effects. Side effects include: bladder inflammation, erectile dysfunction, inflammation of the prostate and pelvic burns.

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You Got:
/20
©iStockphoto.com/Ljupco

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