Could You Pass a 1953 Wood Shop Class?

By: Monica Lee

Could You Pass a 1953 Wood Shop Class?
Image: Wiki Commons by Snyder, Frank R. / Flickr: Miami U. Libraries - Digital Collections

About This Quiz

You won't find 3D printers, electronics or robotics in a 1953 wood shop class, but you WILL find common sense and the proper tools to get the job done. (Of course, it took much more elbow grease without battery or electrically-powered tools to get the job done, but we digress!) You may be surprised that so many of the tools and adhesives used in woodworking classes in the '50s are still in use today. One example: Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA) glue, which can offer much more strength to wood when bonding along the grain than say, a mechanical fastener. 

Even if you don't personally recall your woodworking class, you know a lot that can go wrong when drilling, including tearout, wandering drill bits and holes that don't line up. You'll be tested on whether you know the sage advice you would be given in class. You'll also be queried on how to choose the correct grit of sandpaper for your project as well as safety procedures you should always adhere to when working with wood. So put on your thinking cap and head back to class. See if you can earn an A+ in a 1953 wood shop class. 

For safety reasons, what items should you have in your class?
Saws
Hammer
Hearing protection
Essentials for personal protective equipment include hearing protection, eye protection, dust mask, fire extinguisher and a first-aid kit.
Sand paper

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After applying your finish what should you do?
Wait 24 hours before applying the next coat.
Allow air around all areas where finish is applied.
Leave your work undisturbed in a constant temperature.
All of the above.
All of these instructions should have been learned in wood shop, as well as the facts that cold temperatures can prolong drying time, and humid heat can make the finish have an uneven texture.

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What does a carpenter's square contain?
Protractor
Protractor and a square edge.
Protractor, square edge, and a 45 degree edge.
Protractor, square edge, 45-degree edge and rafter/stair calculations.
Besides all of the above, this useful tool also has some thickness to it, so it can easily be used as a saw guide.

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What can you you use to hold wood together while working on it?
Clamps
Hot glue guns weren't invented yet, so your best bet was clamps to hold two pieces of wood together securely.
Measuring tape
Band-aids from the first-aid kit
Hot glue gun

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Why is a 2' x 4' actually smaller than the stated size?
False advertising!
The store wants to make more of a profit.
Trick question! It's actually bigger.
Wood shrinks after losing its moisture.
When the wood is kiln dried, it shrinks and warps after losing moisture. So the mills then process the wood through a plane to smooth down the surfaces and clean up the edges. You get a straight and smooth board, at the expense of the stated size.

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How else can you limit your exposure to accidents while working with wood?
Tying back long hair
Removing jewelry
Tucking in or rolling up loose clothing
All of the above
One of the first lessons you learned in any shop class was "Safety First." It was the directive back then, and it still is today.

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What does "blade kerf" mean?
It's a tool used to sharpen a blade.
The thickness of the blade
To make sure you are cutting to the right measurement, you'll need to calculate the amount of blade kerf. To do so, simply measure the thickness of the blade teeth to gauge the amount.
A type of bit used in a drill
A type of screwdriver

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To cut at a 90° angle to the length of the wood, what do you need to do BEFORE you cut?
A) Measure twice.
B) Mark three sides with the measured cut lines in pencil.
C) Use a screwdriver to mark the cut lines.
D) A & B
Cut lines will help ensure you have a nice straight cut, especially when the cut lines are in three-dimensions. Remember to calculate the blade kerf, and to cut once, measure twice.

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If you didn't want to measure and cut which is the right thing to do instead?
Use a mitre box and a handsaw.
Although the others are possibilities. The best way to learn to make a good cut, is to use a mitre box with your handsaw. It will keep things nice and straight if the marking technique doesn't work for you.
Just eyeball it
Use duct tape instead of pencil lines for a straighter edge.
Ask your teacher to do it.

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What is a "fence" in wood cutting?
It keeps dogs in the yard.
A tool that is used to attach wood pieces together.
A straight piece of wood used to guide the plate of the circular saw.
A fence is a straight piece of wood used to guide the plate of the circular saw. To set up a fence, just measure the distance from the teeth of the saw blade to the edge of the plate. Then set the fence to this distance away from your cut.
A type of pliers

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What is a plunge cut?
It's when you use a screwdriver to stab an area of the wood.
It's a cut that starts in the middle of the board.
A plunge cut is where a cut starts in the middle of the board as opposed to the ends. A circular saw is used but the back end is lifted to create the cut.
It's a cut used to create a folded board.
It's the line created with a plum bob.

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What is tearout?
It's that ragged edge you get when cutting wood.
Tearout occurs only on one side of your work piece: the side where the blade exits the cut. Consider flipping your wood to have the best side facing out.
It's something you need to sharpen your blade
It's what happens when you have planed your wood perfectly.
Tearout is what fits in the a drill hole

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When do you use a sacrificial board?
When making a religious wood sculpture
When you need to stand on a board for height
To support the wood fibers in the board above it, so you don't get tearout
The sacrificial board supports the wood fibers on the board you are cutting as the saw exits and allows a clean cut all the way through.
The board used for measuring, but not for cutting

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How can you prevent tearout?
Make a scoring cut.
Switch to a blade that has more teeth.
Cut slowly.
All of the above
Tearout is the rough, jagged edges that result from cutting through thin veneers. Prevent tearout by making a shallow cut along your cut line or scoring it, to make a groove in the wood. You can also cut more slowly with a saw that has more teeth.

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Should you always make cuts directly on top of your marked line?
Yes
No, on the right side only
No, on the left side only
No, but choose which side you want to cut.
It doesn't matter which side you choose, but you should always cut to one side of your marked line to account for blade kerf.

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What does the PVA in PVA glue stand for?
Pliable Very Adhesive
Polyvinyl Acetate
PVA glue is best known as wood glue, white glue, carpenter's glue, school glue, and Elmer's glue. It is an aliphatic rubbery synthetic polymer.
Postpone Very Active
None of the above

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Which is stronger: end-grain glue-ups or straight-grain glue-ups?
End grain
Straight grain
Straight-grain glue-ups are stronger. End-grain glue-ups are much weaker, and require a special joint or mechanical fastener to make a good connection.
They are similar in strength.
They are both weak.

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How can you tell if you've clamped a glue-up too tightly?
A) Almost all the glue seeps out.
B) The wood has indents from the clamps.
C) The wood squeaks under the force of the clamps.
D) A & B
Squeezing a glue-up too tightly will remove all the glue and prevent adhesion. Also, very tight clamping can cause indents to the wood.

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Why should you avoid using a damp sponge or towel to clean up excess PVA glue after it's been applied?
Moisture can cause the wood to swell and deform.
One of the best methods to remove excess glue from your work piece is to rub sawdust all over the joint. The sawdust will mix with the glue and clump together, making cleanup a breeze.
Water can splash around and make a big mess.
PVA is not water soluble.
None of the above

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What speeds do you use for drilling and for driving a screw?
The same speed
Slower for drilling, faster to drive screws
Faster for drilling, slower to drive screws
For best results, use a higher speed for drilling and a lower speed to drive screws.
None of the above

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Pilot holes make drilling larger holes easier. True or False?
True
A pilot hole is made with a smaller drill bit than your final size. This smaller hole will help guide the larger bit for the final size of the opening,
False
It depends on the drill.
It depends on the wood.

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Which is a tip that can help you drill a straight hole?
A) Use a pilot hole.
B) Use a piece of wood with a squared end as a guide.
C) Reverse drilling
D) A & B
A steady and confident hand helps when trying to drill a straight hole, but for beginners, using a pilot hole and having a wood piece to guide your drill can help.

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What do you call the part of a drill where you insert drill bits?
Bob
George
Chuck
It's called the chuck, and that's where you can put an assortment of drill bits to handle a variety of drilling needs on your project.
Larry

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You want the screw to sit flush with the surface of the surrounding wood, what drill bit do you use?
Helical
Spade
Slot
Countersink
A countersink drill bit is used to create a conical hole in the wood so when a screw is placed inside the hole, it will sit flush with the surface of the surrounding wood.

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This drill bit has a point on it to keep it centered. What is its name?
Phillips
Slot
Helical
Spade
A spade is used to drill large-diameter holes. The drill bit is shaped like a spade shovel, but has a point to keep the bit centered.

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What is the name of the drill bit that creates flat-bottom holes?
Hole Saw
Forstner
The Forstner is perfect for receiving dowels, because it creates flat-bottom holes. The Forstner comes in variety of sizes.
Helical
Slot

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Which of these is a fine-grit sandpaper?
40-50 Grit
60-80 Grit
80-120 Grit
150-220 Grit
Sandpaper comes in different coarseness levels, called grit. Coarse-grit sandpaper is used to quickly remove lots of material, while fine-grit sandpaper is used to make a mostly smooth surface even smoother.

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Do all wood types sand the same?
Yes
No
Different wood types have different densities and will sand down at different rates. Always use caution when sanding mixed wood.
Depends on the sand paper
I don't know.

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Are microgrits good for removing lots of material quickly?
Yes
No
Microgrits are 240 grit and higher, and only suitable for very fine sanding. Spend the few extra minutes with the coarse grit before moving up to the next grit, it will make a difference in the overall look of your projects.
Depends on the wood
I don't know.

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What does a hand plane do?
It flattens a bumpy piece of wood.
It reduces the thickness of a piece of wood.
It provide a smooth surface on the piece of wood.
All of the above.
A hand plane is a tool for shaping wood that uses your muscle power to force the cutting blade over the wood surface. Generally, all planes are used to reduce the thickness of, flatten and smooth the surface of a piece of lumber or timber.

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What is similar between a bevel and a miter?
They are both types of hand planes.
They are both types of saws.
They are both types of drill bits.
They are both angled cuts.
These are both angled cuts. You can also use glue and sawdust to act as a filler for small gaps between the beveled pieces or the mitered pieces for a smoother finished piece.

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If you're using solvents, what should you also be using?
A) Rubber gloves
B) Eye protection
C) Hearing protection
D) A & B
Safety is always a priority no matter what stage you are in your woodworking project. Keep splatter away from your eyes by wearing eye protection and always use rubber gloves when handling stains and solvents.

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Which of these can you put on your woodworking project?
Shellac
Paint
Stain
All of the above
The choice is yours. Unless your woodworking class didn't have the funds for finishing touches, you can choose between shellac, paint and stain to complete your project.

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How would you describe a "cured finish"?
It takes longer to dry, even when the top feels dry.
A cured finish is not the same as a dried finish. Cured finishes can continue to do so even after the top of the finish seems dry.
It dries immediately.
It has a reflective glow.
It has a rough surface.

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What might you choose if you want a natural finish?
A) Beeswax
B) Mineral Oil
C) Honey
D) A & B
If you go for a natural finish, be mindful that these options will require frequent reapplication in order to keep protecting your work, as they will rub off over time and with use.

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