Image: Wiki Commons by Snyder, Frank R. / Flickr: Miami U. Libraries - Digital Collections
About This Quiz
You won't find 3D printers, electronics or robotics in a 1953 wood shop class, but you WILL find common sense and the proper tools to get the job done. (Of course, it took much more elbow grease without battery or electrically-powered tools to get the job done, but we digress!) You may be surprised that so many of the tools and adhesives used in woodworking classes in the '50s are still in use today. One example: Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA) glue, which can offer much more strength to wood when bonding along the grain than say, a mechanical fastener.
Even if you don't personally recall your woodworking class, you know a lot that can go wrong when drilling, including tearout, wandering drill bits and holes that don't line up. You'll be tested on whether you know the sage advice you would be given in class. You'll also be queried on how to choose the correct grit of sandpaper for your project as well as safety procedures you should always adhere to when working with wood. So put on your thinking cap and head back to class. See if you can earn an A+ in a 1953 wood shop class.
For safety reasons, what items should you have in your class?
Essentials for personal protective equipment include hearing protection, eye protection, dust mask, fire extinguisher and a first-aid kit.
Why is a 2' x 4' actually smaller than the stated size?
The store wants to make more of a profit.
Trick question! It's actually bigger.
Wood shrinks after losing its moisture.
When the wood is kiln dried, it shrinks and warps after losing moisture. So the mills then process the wood through a plane to smooth down the surfaces and clean up the edges. You get a straight and smooth board, at the expense of the stated size.
If you didn't want to measure and cut which is the right thing to do instead?
Use a mitre box and a handsaw.
Although the others are possibilities. The best way to learn to make a good cut, is to use a mitre box with your handsaw. It will keep things nice and straight if the marking technique doesn't work for you.
Just eyeball it
Use duct tape instead of pencil lines for a straighter edge.
A tool that is used to attach wood pieces together.
A straight piece of wood used to guide the plate of the circular saw.
A fence is a straight piece of wood used to guide the plate of the circular saw. To set up a fence, just measure the distance from the teeth of the saw blade to the edge of the plate. Then set the fence to this distance away from your cut.
Tearout is the rough, jagged edges that result from cutting through thin veneers. Prevent tearout by making a shallow cut along your cut line or scoring it, to make a groove in the wood. You can also cut more slowly with a saw that has more teeth.
Sandpaper comes in different coarseness levels, called grit. Coarse-grit sandpaper is used to quickly remove lots of material, while fine-grit sandpaper is used to make a mostly smooth surface even smoother.
Are microgrits good for removing lots of material quickly?
Microgrits are 240 grit and higher, and only suitable for very fine sanding. Spend the few extra minutes with the coarse grit before moving up to the next grit, it will make a difference in the overall look of your projects.
A hand plane is a tool for shaping wood that uses your muscle power to force the cutting blade over the wood surface. Generally, all planes are used to reduce the thickness of, flatten and smooth the surface of a piece of lumber or timber.
If you're using solvents, what should you also be using?
A) Rubber gloves
B) Eye protection
C) Hearing protection
D) A & B
Safety is always a priority no matter what stage you are in your woodworking project. Keep splatter away from your eyes by wearing eye protection and always use rubber gloves when handling stains and solvents.