You never know how important a job is until you get your hands dirty and do it yourself. That would be the case for forklift operators since many people would think it's just a person driving around in a tractor all day long. However, there are rules to follow and regulations in what you can lift and how you do it.
If you think about it, forklift operators are picking up some heavy and essential equipment or inventory in a warehouse. If they pick something up the wrong way and it goes crashing down, not only are they losing inventory but may also hurt someone. The inventory can be replaced, but not a life!
So, do you think you can pass a forklift driving exam? We are going to test you on everything from how to handle a load being stacked unsafely on your forklift to what speed you should be driving that forklift around the warehouse. When all is said and done, you will have passed and would be considered certified to drive a forklift. If you failed, however, you may want to rethink your career choice!
Which best describes a forklift?
A small truck
Machinery that you use to create a hole
A specialty vehicle that has two prongs
A forklift is a specialty vehicle that is used to lift things. To lift those things, the two prongs or forks are placed underneath the items you want to lift, engage the machinery and let it do the rest.
How often does OSHA require a safety check be performed on the forklift truck?
Once every three days
Once a week
Daily, before starting your shift
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has requirements that forklift trucks must be checked at least daily before they can be placed into service. If the forklift is used round-the-clock, it must then be examined after each shift.
When driving in a typical warehouse, how far off the ground should the forks be?
They can touch the ground.
5 to 10 centimeters
When working in a typical warehouse that has an even surface, place the forks about 5 to 10 centimeters off the ground. This would be a height to make it through a wooden pallet and also stop you from scraping the ground.
Why should you give a few short blasts when sounding the horn instead of one long blast?
A few short blasts are less annoying than one long blast.
You will gain more attention from a few short blasts than one long blast.
You are blasting the horn because you want to be seen and heard, so you need to draw more attention to yourself. This can be done by doing a series of short blasts instead of one long, continuous horn sound.
On what type of surface should you not drive a forklift?
Snow isn't good for any type of forklift. This is because of the weight per square foot contacting the ground. If you absolutely must drive a forklift in snow, be alert and make sure it is properly warmed up before doing so. And remember to drive slowly!
If the forklift truck starts to tip, what should you do?
Grab onto the overhead guard.
Use your hands to brace yourself on the seat.
Grip the wheel securely
No matter how much you practice safety measures, the forklift truck may tip sometimes. If this happens, you are going to want to stay in your seat, don't jump, grip the wheel securely and brace yourself using your feet.
When conducting a daily inspection on the forklift, which are included?
All of the above
Your lift trucks’ Operation and Maintenance Manuals (OMM) should tell you what to inspect during your daily inspection. The items would include checking the seat belt, warning lights and any leaking fuel, among other things.
Any employee who would operate the forklift truck must be trained.
If you are driving the forklift, you have to be trained in driving it. However, that training only needs to be conducted again as a refresher if issues come up with a driver. OSHA provides the rules and regulations, not training.
To drive a forklift truck, what must an employee do?
Pass a vision test
Pass a hearing test
Pass both a hearing and vision test
None of the above
Surprised? Well, OSHA does not require forklift operators to pass a vision or hearing test. However, they issue a letter of interpretation, saying that employers are the ones who determine if full vision is mandatory to drive a forklift.
When parking or leaving your forklift truck, which of the following should you not do?
Make sure the forks are flat on the floor.
Make sure you leave the engine running.
When parking the forklift truck, you are going to want to make sure to do all of the points listed, except leave the engine running. Once all of the other elements have been completed, make sure you also turn off the engine.
Make sure to set the directional control to neutral and set the parking brake.
Make sure you are parked in a safe area away from traffic
What is the most important safety device on the forklift truck?
When it comes to the safety of a forklift truck, the driver is the most essential aspect of that safety. They are the ones controlling the speed and turns, and when the backup alarm goes off or the horn is blown.
While the other answers are also dangerous, not paying attention causes the most forklift-related accidents. The driver needs to stay focused at all times, as they can't miss anything going on around them when operating this equipment.
If the load obscures your view in the front, what should you do?
Just keep driving along, beeping the horn the entire time.
Drive in reverse, looking in the direction you are traveling.
You do not want to raise the load, as there are height restrictions, and you don't want to keep honking the horn and hope everyone moves. By driving in reverse, you are still moving the load and seeing any dangers that may pop up.
Raise the load up higher until it's not obstructing your view anymore.
When traveling on a slope or ramp, can the forklift be turned?
Not at any time
For a forklift truck, the center of gravity is near the center of the forklift. Because of that, you never want to turn while driving up or down a ramp or slope. It could cause your truck to tip over and your load to spill.
When creating safety checklists, which of the following should be included?
Lights and horn
Oil and fuel level
All of the above
For the safety checklist, you are going to want to include oil and fuel levels, as well as the lights and horn because they should be checked at the same time. The load capacity is so the driver knows the maximum load allowed.