Deer and Elk Hunting Quiz


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About This Quiz

If you're one of the millions of people with an inner Katniss Everdeen or Davy Crockett, you probably know a lot about hunting. Like where to go to find your favorite prey, what to wear and how to field-dress your catch. But how savvy are you when it comes to deer and elk, two of the most-hunted big-game animals in the U.S.?

Deer are easier to nab, as they're widespread across the nation. They also have a smaller range and can be picked off from the comfort of your deer stand. Elk may be more rewarding to catch -- they're so big, after all -- but you'll have to work hard. They're typically found in the Rocky Mountains or other rugged, wild terrain, such as that of the Southwest. And you often have to trek miles through a harsh environment, at altitude, in search of your prey.

Did you know both deer and elk are susceptible to chronic wasting disease (CWD)? A contagious neurological disease, it affects the brain and causes the animals to become emaciated, act abnormally and, ultimately, die. As of August 2018, CWD has been found in free-ranging deer, elk and moose in at least 23 states. Hunters are warned to wear rubber gloves when field-dressing game, among other protective measures.

Whether you prefer hunting deer or elk, or hunting with a rifle or bow, it's time to see how much you know about this popular pastime by taking the quiz!

Which weapon is used to hunt deer?

In most states in the U.S., it is legal to hunt deer with either a rifle or a bow. There are usually separate seasons for bow hunters and rifle hunters.

Where is the muzzle of a rifle located?

The front end of the barrel of a handgun, shotgun or rifle is called the muzzle. Muzzle awareness is one of the most important factors of firearm safety.

The three most common types of bows are the recurve, longbow and what?

The three most common types of bows used for hunting are the recurve, longbow and compound bow.

What is a male deer called?

A male deer is called a buck. Other names for a male deer are bull, hart and stag.

How many species of deer are native to North America?

Five species of deer are native to North America. They include mule deer, whitetail, moose, caribou and elk. Various subspecies of all types exist.

What is a female deer called?

Female deer are called does, hinds or cows. Juvenile deer are called calves or fawns.

Which oversized anatomical feature does the mule deer get its name from?

The mule deer gets its name from its oversized ears, like that of a mule. The scientific name for mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, is Latin for half-mule.

What is deer meat called?

Deer meat is called venison. Mutton is the meat of sheep, while chevon is the name for goat meat.

Which color are deer and elk hunters required to wear in most states?

In most states, deer and elk hunters are required to wear blaze orange over their camouflage.

True or false: Deer antlers grow continuously year-round.

The antlers of deer are shed annually. As bucks get older, their antlers grow larger, provided they have adequate nutrition.

Which organ do most deer hunters aim for when harvesting deer?

Hunters most commonly aim for the heart of a deer when rifle and bow hunting. While there are hunters who aim for the brain or spine, aiming for the heart allows a hunter's shot to be slightly off and still be a kill shot.

Which task is done immediately after shooting a deer?

Field dressing is the process of removing the internal organs of the harvested game. Quickly removing the internal organs is the first step to preserve the meat.

What does the Boone and Crockett score measure?

The Boone and Crockett score measures the antlers of a deer or an elk.

Which deer species has the greater population in the U.S.?

Whitetail outnumber mule deer in the U.S. Current estimates from the Wildlife Management Institute put the whitetail population at 12.4 to 14 million and the mule deer population at 4.5 to 7 million animals.

What causes a bullet fired from a rifle to spin?

The barrel of a rifle has spiral grooves called rifling that cause a bullet to spin. The spin of a bullet stabilizes it on its way to the target, increasing accuracy.

How fast can a deer run?

Deer can run up to 30 miles per hour, depending on terrain.

True or false: Deer and elk are ruminant animals.

Ruminants have a four-chambered stomach and chew their cud.

What is the deer mating season called?

The deer and elk breeding season is called the rut. In North America, peak hunting season coincides with the rut.

What is the life expectancy of deer?

In the wild, deer live up to 10 years. In captivity, deer can live for up to 20 years.

True or false: Deer hunting only requires a hunting license in most states in the U.S.

Most states require special deer tags or stamps in addition to a hunting license.

What is another name for elk in North America?

Wapiti is a Native American word that translates to "light-colored deer."

There are three basic parts of a rifle: the stock, the barrel and what?

The three basic parts of a rifle are the stock, the barrel and the action. The action is where ammunition is loaded, fired and ejected.

At what age does a doe weigh the most?

Does usually weigh the most at age 4 and begin to decrease in weight each following year.

True or false: Moose and elk belong to the same taxonomic family as deer.

The scientific family Cervidae includes deer, elk, moose and caribou. The Cervidae family consists of 23 genera and 47 species.

What is the average weight of a bull elk?

The average weight of bull elk is 700-900 pounds, depending on the subspecies.

How many elk are there in North America?

Currently there are roughly 1 million elk in North America.

What is the average home range of a whitetail?

The average home range of a whitetail is 1 square mile. Home range is determined by the quality of habitat, so some whitetails in low-quality habitats may have a larger home range, while whitetails in high-quality habitats may have a much smaller home range.

What is the average yield of butchered deer or elk?

The average yield of butchered deer or elk is 40-50 percent of field-dressed weight.

How much does an average male whitetail weigh?

The average male whitetail weighs between 150 and 300 pounds. Female whitetails average from 90-200 pounds.

The species name of North American elk is Cervus elaphus. How many subspecies are there?

Most biologists recognize six subspecies of the North American elk. Two of these six subspecies are now extinct.

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