Quiz: Who's depressed?

By: DiscoveryHealth.com writers & Sharita Sykes

Quiz: Who's depressed?
Image: Dimitri Otis/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Depression can sneak up on you when you least expect it. Test your knowledge of this illness with our depression quiz.
True or False: Twice as many women as men are affected by a depressive disorder each year.
true
Depressive disorders are nearly twice as common in women as in men, according to the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIH). In the U.S., 12 percent of women and 6.6 percent of men have a depressive disorder each year.
false

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True or False: Women are more likely than men to die of suicide.
true
false
Women attempt to hurt themselves twice as often as men, but men are more likely to die as a result of a suicide attempt.

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What percentage of women suffering from clinical depression will seek help?
more than 80 percent
about 70 percent
fewer than 50 percent
Fewer than 50 percent of the women who experience clinical depression will ever seek care.

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True or False: Depression is just another word for sadness and emotional downs that can be expected in life.
true
false
Although feeling occasionally down is part of life, depression is a feeling of intense sadness out of proportion, long-lasting and sometimes interfering with a person's ability to function.

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True or False: Depression is incurable. Only the symptoms can be treated.
true
false
Even severe depression can be highly responsive to treatment, which often involves a combination of medications and psychotherapy. Life's stresses and ups and downs can't be eliminated, but individuals with depression can lead a more enjoyable, manageable life.

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What percentage of new mothers suffer from postpartum depression?
5 to 10 percent
10 to 15 percent
While "baby blues," or mood swings, during the first few weeks after delivery occur in about 80 percent of new mothers, true postpartum depression occurs in about 10 to 15 percent of new mothers, according to the National Mental Health Association.
15 to 20 percent

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Which age group of women is most likely to be depressed?
18 to 24
25 to 44
Although depression can strike at any age, it occurs most frequently in women age 25 to 44, according to the National Mental Health Association.
45 to 60

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How long do symptoms typically last in patients diagnosed with chronic depression?
two or more years
A patient diagnosed with chronic depression usually has symptoms that last for two years or more.
six consecutive months
through the winter months

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How many symptoms need to be present and for how long to be diagnosed with a depressive disorder?
at least two depressive symptoms after watching a romantic drama
at least five depressive symptoms that last at least two weeks
Depression is usually diagnosed if the person experiences at least five depressive symptoms lasting at least two weeks. These could include symptoms like persistent sadness and changes in eating and sleeping patterns.
at least one depressive symptom for a week

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When depressive symptoms only occur in the wintertime, this is called:
Secondary Depression Disorder (SDD)
Temporary Social Disorder (TSD)
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Depression symptoms only occurring during the winter is a sign of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). This is usually diagnosed after three consecutive winters.

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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) or shock therapy is usually used on what type of patient?
suicidal
mania
both types of patients
ECT is usually used in suicidal patients, patients who are resistant to other treatments and those that suffer from depression and mania.

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Sometimes, psychotherapy is needed to treat depression. Which of the following is NOT a main type of psychotherapy?
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
grief therapy
The two main types of psychotherapy are cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy.
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

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Which of the following describes problems that people suffering from catatonic depression encounter?
holding awkward poses for extended periods of times
mimicking another person’s speech or movements
both answers are symptoms of catatonic depression
Both of the answers depict symptoms of catatonic depression. Other psychomotor problems include a prolonged immobile state and negativism.

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What percentage of alcoholics credit depression as their reason for drinking?
5 to 10 percent
10 to 20 percent
Doctors estimated that 10 to 20 percent of alcoholics began drinking to feel better because of depression.
25 percent

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Which of the following is NOT a reason why people who are depressed are more likely to suffer from heart disease?
Anti-depressant medication counteracts heart medication.
Anti-depressant medications do not counteract heart medication. However, depressed people are less likely to take heart medication if they already suffer from heart disease, leading to further complications of the heart.
Depressed people tend to smoke and drink alcohol more often and exercise less.
Plaque forms in their arteries caused by mental stress.

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What other treatment is used when medications and psychotherapy are not effective?
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Electroconvulsive Therapy is used when other methods of treatments are not effective. The patient is given a muscle relaxant and anesthesia. Electrodes are attached to the head and electrical impulses are delivered of about 30 seconds, causing a seizure in the brain.
acupuncture
body psychotherapy

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What percent of people diagnosed with depression also suffer from disordered sleep behaviors?
30 percent
80 percent
Depression keeps you up at night. Nearly 80 percent of depressed people can’t get a full night’s rest. They usually lie awake at night, wake several times throughout the night or rise too early in the morning.
50 percent

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Which is NOT a factor from which depression could result?
biochemical
genetic
diet
Research suggests there are four factors from which depression likely results: genetic, biochemical, psychological and environmental.

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Which of the following is NOT another name for major depressive disorder?
manic depression
Major depressive disorder is also called clinical depression and unipolar depression.
unipolar depression
clinical depression

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What percentage of heart attack victims become depressed after their trauma?
20 percent
50 percent
Fifty percent of heart attack victims experience depressive symptoms after the traumatic event.
5 percent

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You Got:
/20
Dimitri Otis/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images
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