Depression can sneak up on you when you least expect it. Test your knowledge of this illness with our depression quiz.
True or False: Twice as many women as men are affected by a depressive disorder each year.
Depressive disorders are nearly twice as common in women as in men, according to the National Institutes of Mental Health (NIH). In the U.S., 12 percent of women and 6.6 percent of men have a depressive disorder each year.
True or False: Depression is incurable. Only the symptoms can be treated.
Even severe depression can be highly responsive to treatment, which often involves a combination of medications and psychotherapy. Life's stresses and ups and downs can't be eliminated, but individuals with depression can lead a more enjoyable, manageable life.
What percentage of new mothers suffer from postpartum depression?
5 to 10 percent
10 to 15 percent
While "baby blues," or mood swings, during the first few weeks after delivery occur in about 80 percent of new mothers, true postpartum depression occurs in about 10 to 15 percent of new mothers, according to the National Mental Health Association.
How many symptoms need to be present and for how long to be diagnosed with a depressive disorder?
at least two depressive symptoms after watching a romantic drama
at least five depressive symptoms that last at least two weeks
Depression is usually diagnosed if the person experiences at least five depressive symptoms lasting at least two weeks. These could include symptoms like persistent sadness and changes in eating and sleeping patterns.
Anti-depressant medications do not counteract heart medication. However, depressed people are less likely to take heart medication if they already suffer from heart disease, leading to further complications of the heart.
Depressed people tend to smoke and drink alcohol more often and exercise less.
Plaque forms in their arteries caused by mental stress.
What other treatment is used when medications and psychotherapy are not effective?
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Electroconvulsive Therapy is used when other methods of treatments are not effective. The patient is given a muscle relaxant and anesthesia. Electrodes are attached to the head and electrical impulses are delivered of about 30 seconds, causing a seizure in the brain.
What percent of people diagnosed with depression also suffer from disordered sleep behaviors?
Depression keeps you up at night. Nearly 80 percent of depressed people can’t get a full night’s rest. They usually lie awake at night, wake several times throughout the night or rise too early in the morning.