Do You Know Enough to Match the Medical Condition to the Doctor Who Treats It?

By: Beth Hendricks

Do You Know Enough to Match the Medical Condition to the Doctor Who Treats It?
Image: Compassionate Eye Foundation/Natasha Alipour Faridani / DigitalVision / Getty Images

About This Quiz

When was the last time you heard someone say they had to go to the doctor? You probably didn't question them (or maybe you thought better of it). The fact is, not all doctors are created equal. No, we don't mean one is "better" than another! But simply put, there are so many quirks in our human anatomy, it's not possible for one doctor to understand them all! Think of it: The human body has 11 different organ systems, ranging from circulatory to digestive. There are roughly 206 bones from the top of your head to the tips of your toes. Those bones are complemented by 600 muscles, 32 teeth and 78 organs, each with their own functions! Phew, it's a lot to keep up with.

No doubt, aspiring doctors spend a great deal of time studying and preparing to become the trusted medical resources you look to when you schedule an appointment. Many hours hitting the books, doing rounds, participating in clinical rotations and learning about the body eventually translate into an M.D. or D.O. and an associated -ologist or other designation to go along with it.

But just how many of those specialties do you know? If you sprain an ankle in a pick-up basketball game, do you need a radiologist or a gerontologist? (For some of us, maybe both!) If you have an earache, a stomachache or a backache, what type of medical professional are you seeking out? 

Test your expertise in this quiz by matching medical conditions to the doctors who treat them. Sorry, you don't get to write any prescriptions!

Gluten allergy Think you may be allergic to gluten? One of these doctors can help you figure it out. Which is it?
Urologist
Dermatologist
Immunologist
Immunologists, also sometimes referred to as allergists, help to diagnose and treat conditions that impact the human body's immune system — see part of the word "immune" right in the job title? Immunologists may see patients with symptoms of allergies, celiac disease, asthma, lupus and other autoimmune disorders.
Hematologist

Advertisement

Heart attack 'Da Bears were the source of more than one heart attack for the characters in Bill Swerski's SNL skit. What doctor would they need to call?
Cardiologist
The title of "cardiologist" is literally taken from the Greek word "kardia," which means heart, combined with "-ologist," to give us the name of someone who studies the heart. Cardiologists see patients for heart-related matters, including heart attacks, hypertension and arrhythmias.
Neonatologist
Audiologist
Diagnostician

Advertisement

Acne Acne plagues teenagers and adults alike. Which medical professional specializes in treating it?
Perinatologist
Neurologist
Pulmonologist
Dermatologist
Dermatologists are noted for their expertise in dealing with all manner of skin disorders, ranging from acne and eczema to suspicious-looking moles. And don't even get them started on tanning beds! They're not fans.

Advertisement

Diabetes Type 1 or Type 2: Which of these specialists treats those with diabetes?
Ophthalmologist
Chiropractor
Endocrinologist
In short, an endocrinologist specializes in the functioning of the body's endocrine system. The endocrine system includes glands and organs that help moderate things like insulin. Individuals with diabetes have trouble with insulin, either resisting it or not producing enough.
Pharmacist

Advertisement

Anemia Anemia got you feeling tired and weak? Which of these doctors can help you?
Hematologist
Hematologists specialize in disorders that impact the blood circulating in the body, as well as disorders of the lymphatic system and the spleen. Anemia, more specifically, occurs when a person's blood is deficient in red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body.
Anesthesiologist
Hepatologist
Parasitologist

Advertisement

Gastrointestinal disorder Conditions like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis may require the supervision of which specialist?
Andrologist
Gastroenterologist
A gastroenterologist is well-qualified to handle issues related to the stomach and digestive organs. So, if you're experiencing symptoms such as pain in your abdomen, diarrhea, ulcers and the like, a trip to the gastroenterologist's office is probably in your near future.
Cardiac electrophysiologist
Psychiatrist

Advertisement

Infection Recurring conditions and symptoms resistant to treatment are the specialties of this doctor. What title do they bear?
Infectious disease specialist
You won't frequently need to consult with an infectious disease specialist unless you have a recurring infection or one that appears resistant to traditional lines of treatment. Your general practitioner may refer you to this specialist for additional testing.
Periodontist
Rheumatologist
Hyperbaric physician

Advertisement

Parkinson disease Two pervasive diseases, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, are diagnosed and treated by this medical specialist. What is their title?
Neonatologist
Hematologist
Neurologist
Diseases and disorders of the nervous system are the specialty of doctors who pursue a neurology specialty. They see patients who have been diagnosed with disorders that impact the brain, nerves and spinal cord, such as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and epilepsy.
Podiatrist

Advertisement

Gynecologist If you have two X chromosomes, you'll encounter this medical expert sooner or later. Who are we talking about?
Microbiologist
Gynecologist
Women everywhere, rejoice. Only you are treated to at least yearly visits to the gynecologist from early in your teenage years to well after menopause. Gynecologists handle reproductive health issues for the ladies.
Radiologist
Rheumatologist

Advertisement

Doctor hands holding patient hand This is the doctor you'll visit if you hear the "C" word. Which of these specialists is it?
Pulmonologist
Oncologist
Oncologists help treat various diagnoses of cancer and coordinate care of patients alongside surgeons and radiation therapists. Treatment for cancer typically involves chemotherapy, radiation and/or surgery, requiring the involvement of many different medical professionals.
Epidemiologist
Pathologist

Advertisement

Eye Whether you have astigmatism or a cataract, this physician can treat it. Who are we referencing?
Cardiac electrophysiologist
Ophthalmologist
Of course, you don't typically tell people you're going to the ophthalmologist; rather, you probably say you're going to the eye doctor. An ophthalmologist is skilled not only in prescribing glasses or contacts to treat near- or farsightedness, but also in treating conditions of the eye, such as glaucoma.
Perinatologist
Nephrologist

Advertisement

Nose Piercing Problems with your E, N or T? You need an appointment with this specialist. Which one is it?
Intensivist
Urologist
Otolaryngologist
Otolaryngologists are frequently called ENTs or ENT physicians for the areas of the body they treat — the ears (E), nose (N) and throat (T). Otolaryngology is sometimes referred to as the world's oldest medical specialty.
Palliative care specialist

Advertisement

Foot problems As far as physicians go, this is one pretty specialized field. Who would you see if you're having problems with your feet?
Acupuncturist
Rheumatologist
Urologist
Podiatrist
Whether issues with your feet and ankles are a symptom of another condition or an impairment all on their own, podiatrists are up to the challenge. The origin of the word "podiatrist" comes from the Greek "pod," which means "foot," and "-iatrist," which means "healer."

Advertisement

Psychiatrist There's no stigma attached to seeing this medical expert who handles mental and emotional disorders. Who is this person?
Pediatrician
Epidemiologist
Psychiatrist
There's no stigma attached to mental illness, either. Psychiatrists treat a variety of emotional, mental and addiction disorders in patients of all genders, ages and socioeconomic stations. Psychiatrists are trained as medical doctors, so they can also prescribe medications.
Geriatrician

Advertisement

Pulmonologist Wheezing? Can't catch your breath? A trip to this physician's office may be in order. What is this medical professional called?
Radiologist
Pulmonologist
Pulmonologists diagnose and treat disorders of the lungs, such as pneumonia, emphysema, asthma and COPD. They are also qualified to treat conditions of the respiratory system, including everything from your nose to your trachea and larynx.
Audiologist
Epidemiologist

Advertisement

Knee problems "The knee bone's connected to the ... thigh bone!" And if you have trouble with either, this specialty physician can help you. Who would you see?
Radiologist
Veterinarian
Rheumatologist
Rheumatologists are doctors schooled in the understanding of pain and arthritis that can affect an individual's bones, muscles, tendons and joints. If you have anything from tendinitis in your elbow to chronic fibromyalgia, this specialist can help!
Neurologist

Advertisement

Urologist Trouble going No. 1? This doctor should be your No. 1 stop. Which specialist is it?
Urologist
Urologists deal, privately, with your private areas — your urinary tract and its accompanying disorders, to be exact. Urologists can treat both men and women for everything from bladder problems to prostate cancer.
Rheumatologist
Endocrinologist
Allergist

Advertisement

Hepatologist The specialist that goes by this name can treat pancreatitis and liver cancer, but their real expertise is hidden in their name. What is it?
Thoracic surgeon
Dermatologist
Hepatologist
Hepatologists specialize, primarily, in the diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis, but that's not all they do. These physicians may also be sought out by patients dealing with other conditions related to the liver, gallbladder or pancreas.
Microbiologist

Advertisement

Newborn Newborns can't hire their own doctors, but if they need a little extra help, this specialist is on standby. What is this doctor known as?
Oncologist
Internal medicine specialist
Electrophysiologist
Neonatologist
It only stands to reason that a newborn who needs to spend time in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) might be treated by a neonatologist. These medical experts help diagnose and treat health problems newborns and premature infants may experience.

Advertisement

Dialysis Renal problems that lead to dialysis fall under the care of which medical expert?
Oncologist
Acupuncturist
Hepatologist
Nephrologist
Nephrologists diagnose and treat patients with kidney disorders, commonly referred to as renal problems. A specialist in this area may treat chronic kidney diseases, renal failure and even kidney stones.

Advertisement

Anesthesiologist You may not consider this specialist to be a doctor, but you'll be glad to have them nearby if you're having surgery. Who are we talking about?
Hospitalist
Nephrologist
Obstetrician
Anesthesiologist
Three cheers for anesthesiologists, who administer anesthesia and sit by you while you're under said anesthesia during surgical procedures. They're keeping close watch over your vital signs while also, well, knocking you out.

Advertisement

Hearing problems Can you hear me now? Which of these specialists treats disorders of the ear?
Nuclear medicine specialist
Audiologist
This might have been an easy question since the word "audio" is synonymous with hearing. Audiologists are concerned with your ability to hear. Also, they treat a variety of conditions, from tinnitus to ear disorders that can impact your balance.
Physiotherapist
Ayurvedic practitioner

Advertisement

Epidemic disease If there's ever a zombie outbreak, this -ologist would be a good one to keep alive. Who is it?
Epidemiologist
Epidemiologists are studious medical professionals, no doubt! If there were a zombie outbreak, these experts would be useful to have in the humans' corner because they study how diseases are transmitted and spread. (The "double tap" is still a good idea, though.)
Gastroenterologist
Nephrologist
Pathologist

Advertisement

Pediatrician This doctor specializes in health issues impacting children. What is their official name?
Palliative medicine specialist
Pediatrician
Pediatricians must be well-trained in a variety of illnesses and conditions that can crop up in their child patients. For many families, one pediatrician will watch their children grow from birth until well into their teenage years.
Critical care medicine specialist
Obstetrician

Advertisement

Overweight man Carrying a few extra pounds? Which of these medical specialists can help you drop the weight?
Internist
Bariatrician
Bariatricians, sometimes called bariatric physicians, help individuals who may be carrying too much weight lose the extra pounds. They also treat conditions that can arise as a result of being overweight.
Cardiologist
Neurophysiologist

Advertisement

Medical emergency You hope to never encounter one, but if you have a car accident, which of these specialists may treat you?
Infectious medicine specialist
Palliative medicine specialist
Geriatric medicine specialist
Emergency medicine specialist
Did someone say "emergency"? Emergency medicine specialists are employed by emergency departments of hospitals to treat a wide variety of critical incidents, including injuries sustained in a car accident.

Advertisement

Ear Examination This professional is an otolaryngologist with even more specialized training. What is this doctor called?
Gynecologist
Otologist
Apparently, an otolaryngologist with more training earns a shorter name — otologist! These professionals have extra expertise in how to diagnose and treat things like dizziness and tumors.
Hematologist
Earologist

Advertisement

Aneurysm Life-threatening aneurysms require the expertise of which specialty surgeon?
Cardiac surgeon
Vascular surgeon
Vascular surgeons are those who deal entirely with surgery where arteries and veins are involved. These specially trained surgeons may treat everything from aneurysms to carotid artery disease, among other conditions.
Plastic surgeon
Cosmetic surgeon

Advertisement

Sports doctor Somebody has to treat those gruesome injuries that happen on the field. Which of these professionals does it?
Psychologist
Sports medicine specialist
You don't have to be a professional athlete to require the services of a medical expert known as a sports medicine specialist. Physicians in this field (no pun intended!) treat injuries, and they work to help prevent them as well.
Family physician
Preventive medicine specialist

Advertisement

Plastic surgery Want a bigger nose, breasts or backside? Which of these medical professionals should you consult?
Medical geneticist
Dermatologist
Microbiologist
Plastic surgeon
We may think of plastic surgeons as being accessible only to celebrities trying to make some part of their bodies bigger or smaller, but regular people have these procedures too. These medical doctors also perform reconstructive procedures to assist those who have been disfigured in some capacity.

Advertisement

Dentist This doctor may not make you smile, but they will make your smile better. Who are we talking about?
Podiatrist
Radiologist
Dentist
It's true! Dentists are doctors too. The degree they receive, either a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD), earns them the well-respected "Dr." title. Think of dentists as doctors for your teeth!
Urologist

Advertisement

Radiologist A surgeon may fix a broken bone, but this doctor will diagnose it (with the help of equipment, of course). Who is it?
Radiologist
Did you know that radiologists are considered doctors? These medical professionals are trained in diagnosing a variety of medical conditions by using imaging equipment. They work with x-rays, MRIs and more.
Otolaryngologist
Osteopath
Medical geneticist

Advertisement

Osteopath You may not recognize much difference between a doctor who is an M.D. and a doctor who is a D.O. What is a D.O. also known as?
Oncologist
Osteopath
An osteopath or osteopathic physician is one who earns a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) in school. They focus on many of the conditions regular M.D.s treat, but with a more holistic approach.
Orthopedic surgeon
Hospitalist

Advertisement

Hospitalist This medical designation is relatively new and speaks to the location of the patients being treated. Who is it?
Gastroenterologist
Hospitalist
There's nothing less professional about a hospitalist. They're simply a medical doctor who chooses to treat patients who are in the hospital. The term "hospitalist" has only been in popular usage for the past decade or two.
Geriatrician
Gynecologist

Advertisement

Back pain "My neck! My back! My neck and my back!" Which of these professionals could have helped Ezal from the movie "Friday"?
Hepatologist
Physiatrist
Physiatrists are trained in treating injuries to the neck and the back. These types of impairments are typically brought on by sports injuries or accidents. Physiatrists, also known as physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians or PM&R physicians, are equipped to diagnose and treat these conditions.
Periodontist
Dermatologist

Advertisement

You Got:
/35

Featured