Fifth grade can be a fun time. It's the first year of middle school and a transition from general social studies into actual history. There's no more coloring books or identifying what city you live in. It's time to learn about the creation of your state, country and the world as a whole. You might have heard about the Revolutionary War or the American Civil War, but now it's time to know the battles, causes, outcomes and major figures. Fifth grade is when we learn the ideals of those major figures and how they helped lay the foundation for our country. It's when we learn about America's role in the global realm and society's role in shaping the American government.
What do you remember? You probably remember Manifest Destiny, but do you remember the leaders of Westward Expansion? What about the Louisiana Purchase? Can you remember when the Boston Tea Party happened or what the Third Amendment of the U.S. Constitution says? Put your skills to the test and see whether you can still pass fifth-grade history. You don't need to know what planet we live on or how the dinosaurs died, but you will need to know what we've done on the planet since the dinosaurs died. Let's see if you know more history than a fifth grader with this quiz!
The Mediterranean diet is one of the most popular diets in the world, but what did the Greek gods eat?
Olives and bread
Cheeseburgers and fries
Ambrosia and nectar
In real life, ambrosia is a fruit salad. In Greek mythology, it's the magical food of the gods that was flown directly into Mount Olympus by white doves. Its delicious smell could overpower the smell of dead seals skins, and it was known for promoting longevity. Nectar was the drink of the gods.
More than 100 million people have died as a result of war during the 20th century. What war was fought between the Northern and Southern United States?
War of 1812
The American Civil War lasted more than four years (1861 - 1865) and was fought between the United States and the Confederate States. Ulysses S. Grant was the commander of the Union forces, and Robert E. Lee led the Confederate troops.
"No taxation without representation" was a protest slogan of the American Revolution. What year did the Boston Tea Party happen?
In May of 1773, it was enacted that the British East India Company could import tea to the American colonies without paying taxes. In December of that year, protesters boarded cargo boats in Boston and began throwing shipments of tea into the harbor. The American Revolution started shortly after.
The 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution defines presidential term limits. How many presidents have served three terms?
The only president to serve three terms was Franklin Delano Roosevelt (aka FDR). He served 12 years from 1933 to 1945. He was reelected in 1944 and would've served a full fourth term but died just 11 weeks into the presidency.
The last of the original 13 colonies was established in Georgia in 1733. What was the first U.S. colony?
New York City
The first permanent colony established in America was Jamestown in 1607, but 30 years earlier, in 1585, English settlers established Roanoke Colony in what is now North Carolina. By 1587, all members of Roanoke Colony had disappeared.
The Louisiana Purchase was a deal between the United States and what country?
In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson was able to negotiate the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon and the French. The territory was purchased for $15 million, and Jefferson considered it one of his greatest achievements.
The Age of Discovery was a period of about 200 years when European sailors searched for new lands. Who was the first to "discover" North America?
In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue, but about 500 years before that, Leif Erikson and his crew of Vikings established Vinland as a settlement, which is located in modern-day Canada. Columbus touched down in the Caribbean when he arrived.
In 1945, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on what city, instantly killing 80,000 people and leveling 70% of the city?
In December of 1941, Japanese bombers attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. On August 6, 1945 the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and then dropped another one three days later on Nagasaki.
America's Founding Fathers strongly pushed for Thomas Jefferson to author the Declaration of Independence. When did he write it?
The Declaration of Independence was written in 1776 and was ratified on July 4, 1776. It was authored by Thomas Jefferson and then edited by the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia's Independence Hall.
As soon as Abraham Lincoln was elected president, several states seceded from the Union. Who was the president of the Confederate States?
Following the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, seven slave-holding states seceded from the United States to form the Confederate States. Democratic senator from Mississippi, Jefferson Davis, was selected to be the Confederacy's president.
What were the first words of the Gettysburg Address?
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"
"Four score and seven years ago"
Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address four months after the Union defeated the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. Four score and seven years equals 87 years, and Lincoln was referencing the year America declared its independence, 1776.
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times"
The first American colony was established in 1607. What state was not one of the original 13 colonies?
The first American colony was Jamestown in Virginia, which was established in 1607. The original 13 colonies were: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina.
Christopher Columbus sailed to North America in the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. What was the name of the ship that carried the Pilgrims?
The Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts in 1620 on the Mayflower ship. More than 100 passengers and crew fled religious persecution in England and signed the Mayflower Compact prior to establishing the colony of Plymouth.
The American Revolution lasted for seven years. What were the first military engagements of the war?
Battle of Camden
Battle of Long Island
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The shot heard 'round the world kicked off the American Revolution. Nobody knows who fired it, but it was fired on April 19, 1775 in Lexington during the Battles of Lexington and Concord, which took place in Massachusetts.
The main deities in Greek Mythology (aka the 12 Olympians) lived on Mount Olympus. Who was the Greek god of the ocean?
There are hundreds of gods in Greek mythology, but only 12 of them lived on Mount Olympus, and Poseidon was one of them. He was the god of oceans, earthquakes and horses. He's rarely seen in popular depictions without his trident in hand.
There are about seven people who are commonly referred to as a Founding Father of America. Which Founding Father was never president?
Adams, Jefferson and Madison were the second, third and fourth presidents of the United States. Benjamin Franklin was many things including a diplomat, author, printer, scientist, inventor and is the face of the $100 bill, but he was never president.
There were more than 1,500 battles fought during the American Revolution. What was the last battle fought?
Battle of Bunker Hill
Siege of Yorktown
The American Revolution ended when General Cornwalis surrendered to the Continental Army in Yorktown, Virginia in 1781. George Washington spent weeks surrounding and bombarding the city before troops surrendered.
The U.S. Constitution was ratified in 1789, but what was the nation's first governing document?
Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781 and served as the nation's first constitution. It was an agreement between the states to preserve independence, but it created such a weak national government that changes were inevitable. The U.S. Constitution replaced it in 1789.
A Democrat or a Republican has won every presidential election since 1852. Which of these political parties has never elected a U.S. president?
Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe and John Quincy Adams were all Democratic-Republicans, and John Adams was the only Federalist president. There has never been a Free Soil president, which was a single-issue party that opposed the expansion of slavery.
James Madison authored the first 10 Amendments of the Constitution and was pivotal in getting the document ratified by the states, making him the "Father of the Constitution." He is considered one of the Founding Fathers and served as the fourth president of the United States.
American has been at war for more than 90% of its existence. Who did America fight against in the War of 1812?
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and United Kingdom from 1812 to 1815. The war ended in a stalemate, but British forces were able to sack Washington, D.C. and burn the White House. James Madison was the president during the war.
The first 10 Amendments of the U.S. Constitution is called the Bill of Rights. What is the Third Amendment of the Bill of Rights?
Protects freedom of speech
Prevents soldiers from quartering in homes
The Third Amendment prevents soldiers from quartering in a house against the owner's consent during peace time. Luckily, this amendment hasn't been invoked in quite some time, but there is no reason to remove it from the Constitution.
Congressional seats are awarded based on state population. From 1787 to 1865, each slave counted as how many people?
Three-fifths of a person
In 1787, delegates at the Constitutional Convention agreed to count just three of every five slaves when tallying state populations. State populations determine how many seats each state is allocated in Congress, and the ruling disproportionately favored Southern states.
The 19th century was the time of manifest destiny. What Native American accompanied Lewis and Clark during their expedition?
From 1804 to 1806, Lewis and Clark led the first American expedition westward. They began in Pennsylvania and reached the Pacific Coast accompanied by Sacagawea, who helped interpret and serve as diplomat to Native American tribes along the way.
Donald Trump is the 45th President of the United States. Who was the 16th president?
The 16th president of the United States was Abraham Lincoln, who served from 1861 until his assassination in 1865. Lincoln easily won the 1864 election in an electoral landslide but only served a few months before being killed.
There have been 66 monarchs of England over the past 1,500 years. Who was king of England during the American Revolution?
King Phillip I
King Edward VIII
King James II
King George III
King George III ruled Britain and Ireland during the American Revolution, having assumed the throne in 1760 at the age of 22. By 1776, at age 38, he had to deal with one of the biggest protests and uprisings in the history of the world. It didn't go well for him.
More than 600,000 Americans died in the American Civil War. What was the first battle of the war?
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fort Sumter
The American Civil War started when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The Union forces returned fire but eventually surrendered. The battle lasted for one day, and the Confederate States took over Fort Sumter, which was in a Confederate state to begin with.
The Underground Railroad wasn't physically underground but was a series of secret routes, homes and families that aided slaves in escaping North to free states or Canada. It was formed in the late 1700s and functioned until the abolition of slavery.
Four U.S. presidents have been assassinated while in office. Who assassinated Abraham Lincoln?
Lee Harvey Oswald
John Wilkes Booth
Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration took place in March of 1865. In April of 1865, on Good Friday, he was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. He was on a double date with a military officer and his fiance at Ford's Theater in Washington, D.C., just five days after Robert E. Lee surrendered in the Civil War.
The 1950s and '60s were pivotal decades in American civil rights. What court case declared segregation unconstitutional?
Brown v. Board of Education
In 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson ruled that "separate but equal" facilities were constitutional. In 1954, Brown v. Board of Education ruled that "separate but equal" facilities were unconstitutional. The new ruling led to desegregation, busing, riots and the civil rights movement of the 1960s.
The Digital Revolution is known for the spread of electronic technology around the world. What was the Industrial Revolution known for?
Automated factory systems
Increased textile production
All of the above
The Industrial Revolution began in the U.K. in the late 18th century and lasted until the early 19th century. Steam and water power led to mechanized factory systems and an increase in textile production. It bridged the Agricultural and Digital revolutions.
The Second World War affected almost every part of the world. Who was not part of the allied forces during WWII?
The main four allies during WWII were America, the Soviet Union, China and the U.K. The main Axis powers were Germany, Italy and Japan. There were many other countries and factions within countries that pledged allegiance to either side.
The civil rights movement was a series of protests, boycotts, legislation and demonstrations. Which of these was not part of the civil rights movement?
Brown v. Board of Education
Occupy Wall St.
Occupy Wall Street was a protest that began in 2011 to highlight economic inequality in America. Protesters occupied Zuccotti Park in Manhattan's Financial District until NYPD was able to evict everyone. The protests then moved to various locations.
The Age of Discovery was full of explorers, colonists and conquistadors. What Spanish conquistador toppled the Aztec Empire?
Hernando de Soto
Juan Ponce de Leon
The Aztec Empire ruled the Valley of Mexico between 1428 and 1521. From 1519 to 1521, Spanish forces, led by Cortes, toppled the Empire after tricking, capturing and killing the Aztec emperor Moctezuma II.
What Greek hero couldn't be killed unless he was shot in his heel?
Achilles was born to an immortal mother and mortal father. When his mother dipped him in the Styx River, she held him by his heel, leaving it vulnerable, unlike the rest of his body. He was the hero of the Trojan War.