How well do you know junior high history?



By: John Miller

6 Min Quiz

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Junior high history touches on some of the biggest events and most famous people in American and world history. From Thomas Jefferson to the Titanic, do you have what it takes to defeat our junior high history quiz?

What is Martin Luther King, Jr. known for?

Martin Luther King, Jr. is renowned for his work as a civil rights leader in the mid-20th century. He presented his famous "I Have a Dream" speech during a massive rally in Washington, D.C.


What amazing feat did Lewis and Clark perform?

From 1804 to 1806, Merriweather Lewis and William Clark led the Corps of Discovery, which was meant to explore North America. They returned with scads of information (and legends) that sparked the settling of the West.


Which of the following products did Thomas Edison NOT invent?

Edison didn't invent steel. But the famous American inventor did create the first light bulb, phonograph and even motion pictures.


What was the purpose of the Manhattan Project?

During World War II, the U.S. spearheaded the Manhattan Project, a research project meant to develop the world's first nuclear weapons. The U.S. later dropped two atomic bombs on Japan.


What feat did NASA's Apollo 11 mission accomplish?

On July 21, 1969, the space race came to a dramatic conclusion, as America's Apollo 11 mission landed two men on the moon. NASA landed five more manned missions on the moon before moving on to new goals.


Who was the leader of the Confederacy during the Civil War?

As the South attempted to secede from the Union during the Civil War, Jefferson Davis took the helm of the Confederacy. His term ended, of course, in 1865, when the North finally defeated the South.


George Washington led American troops during which war?

George Washington was the commander of colonial troops during the American Revolution. After the war, he was elected as the country's first president.


In the late 1700s, American colonists used this phrase as a rallying cry against Britain: "No taxation without _____."

Britain levied substantial taxes against colonists settling in the New World, yet denied the colonists representation in the government. Eventually, the colonists rebelled against the oppression and told the British: "No taxation without representation."


What issue was addressed by the famous court case "Brown v. the Board of Education"?

In 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court took up the case of Brown v. the Board of Education. The court ruled that it was unconstitutional for public schools to segregate black and white students.


Who was the mastermind of the 9/11 terror attacks on America?

In 2001, Osama bin Laden masterminded the plan to attack America with passenger planes. He escaped justice until May 2011, when U.S. troops found and killed him in Pakistan.


What was one reason that the pilgrims sailed from Europe to the New World?

Many people suffered religious persecution in Europe and they wanted to worship without fear of reprisals. So, they set off on a dangerous journey across the Atlantic Ocean, not entirely sure how they'd survive in the New World.


How many colonies were there at the start of the American Revolution?

At the outbreak of the Revolution, there were 13 colonies fighting for independence from Britain. Following the war, in 1787, Delaware became the very first state in the Union.


Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor in the American Civil War?

Collard greens might be a gross Southern food, but they (probably) didn't contribute to the Civil War. The matters of state's rights and slavery, however, definitely fueled the bloody conflict.


What was "Manifest Destiny"?

In the 1800s, Americans believed in the idea of Manifest Destiny -- the concept that the U.S. was meant to acquire and rule the lands of North America. It turned out to be a self-fulfilling prophecy.


What issue does the 2nd Amendment of the Constitution address?

The 2nd Amendment is a favorite of gun enthusiasts and weapons lobbyists, in part because it addresses the right of Americans to bear arms. It also notes the importance of maintaining a quality militia.


Which man served as president during the American Civil War?

The lanky, bearded Abraham Lincoln was U.S. president during the Civil War. From the very outset of the conflict, he vehemently denied that the South had the right to secede from the Union.


Which state was the most recent to join the U.S.?

Puerto Rico isn't a state. Hawaii is, and it was officially added to the U.S. in August of 1959.


Which event did NOT contribute to the Great Depression?

World War II happened in the 40s -- the Depression was in the 30s. There were multiple factors contributing to the Depression, such as poor government policies that caused the country to veer off course. And the stock market crash didn't help, either.


During the 1849 Gold Rush, people on the East Coast rushed to which area of the United States?

During the Gold Rush of 1849, people frantically packed their belongings and headed to the California area in hopes of striking it rich. More often than not, they wound up broke and then struggled to survive the ordeal.


Who was U.S. President during the 9/11 terror attacks of 2001?

In 2001, George W. Bush was serving as president the day that Middle Eastern terrorists struck the United States. He then led the American military into an invasion of Afghanistan.


Which U.S. president was assassinated in Dallas, Texas?

On November 22, 1963, a man named Lee Harvey Oswald fired a rifle at President John F. Kennedy as his motorcade traveled through downtown Dallas. JFK's death altered the state of American politics for years.


The Battle of the Alamo occurred during which pivotal conflict?

In 1835, the Texan Revolution was in full swing, as settlers in the area attempted to gain independence from Mexico. The Mexicans killed all of the Alamo's defenders, and then the event became a rallying cry for people who joined in the Revolution.


Which of the following U.S. states has the highest population?

Florida, the Sunshine State, attracts millions of residents (and tourists, too). With more than 20 million residents, it's America's third most-populous state.


Which people used the Underground Railroad?

During the days of slavery, the Underground Railroad was a system of secret hideouts, trails and people who helped slaves escape their masters. The Railroad helped to free many slaves long before the Civil War ended slavery for good in the U.S.


Which event caused America to join the fighting of World War II?

When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, America could no longer avoid World War II. The U.S. declared war on Japan, and then Germany declared war on America, and there was no turning back.


During World War II, the U.S. fought on which side?

The U.S. was a major part of the Allies, which fought against the Axis forces. There were dozens of countries that fought alongside the Allies, such as Britain, France, Australia, Canada and many others.


What did "Jim Crow" laws help to enforce?

Jim Crow laws were meant to keep segregation policies in place in the Southern United States, even in the decades after slavery ended. They enforced, for example, segregation at restaurants and stores … and yes, they were totally unfair and biased.


Who won the Battle of the Little Bighorn?

In 1876, at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, a combined Native American force defeated Gen. George Custer and his men and sent the few survivors reeling in shock. It became known as Custer's Last Stand.


Which country was NOT a member of the Axis during World War II?

Germany, Japan and Italy were major members of the Axis, the countries grasping for world domination during World War II. Mexico joined with the Allies and declared war against the Axis.


Which U.S. state has the highest population?

Rhode Island and Wyoming are among America's least populous states. California, though, with its nearly 40 million residents, is by far the most populous U.S. state. Texas is second, with more than 27 million people.


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