Do You Know What Became of Prussia?

HISTORY

By: John Miller

5 Min Quiz

Image: The Armchair Historian

About This Quiz

For thousands of years, Europe has been a linchpin of world events, with its cultural diversity and political conflicts often taking the center stage. Prussia was, for much of that time, quite literally in the middle of the fray. Its famous royal and military leaders became enduring legends … and in some ways, they now feel like myths, because Prussia no longer exists. In this confounding quiz, do you really think you understand what happened to Prussia?

Don’t call it “Russia with a P,” because Prussia really isn’t inextricably linked to either the Soviets or the Russians. The country did, however, share much of its history with another European force. Do you know the country that is forever tied to the fate of Prussia and its peoples?

Prussia was a nearly ancient entity, one that took multiple forms in its history. Like so many European powers, Prussia was dominated by the crown for hundreds of years. In the 19th century, though, revolutions swept many parts of the globe. Do you know the governments that followed the kings of this nation’s early history?

Events in Prussia unfolded quickly at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. What had once been a fairly stable empire crumbled into a state of decay … and new political forces seized control. Do you recall how Great War and World War II affected Prussia?

Take our Prussia quiz now! We’ll find out if you really understand how this once-mighty region disappeared into the dustbin of history!

The country was a major state in which empire?

When the German Empire dominated European affairs, Prussia was a star of the show, with its central lands and dynamic leaders.

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Who was a famous leader of Prussia during its prime?

In the 1700s, Prussia was a mighty nation, thanks in part to the adroit leadership of Frederick the Great. He brought a modern perspective and institutions to a kingdom that was stuck in the olden days.

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The name Prussia refers both to a country and a(n) ______.

Prussia's history is a bit convoluted, in part because "Prussia" refers to various manifestations of government, as well as the region in general.

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In 1871, German states banded together to create what?

In 1871, German states combined forces to create the German Empire. Prussia's top-dog status meant that its leaders took the helm of the new empire.

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Prussia was located on which continent?

Prussia was located in parts of central and eastern Europe. For centuries, it was one of the region's most powerful forces.

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In 1815, Prussia was part of which famous battle?

In payback that was a long overdue, the Prussians confronted Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. Using tricky tactics, they defeated the French emperor and sent him into exile.

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Which conflict had a major bearing on Prussia's political standing?

In the 19th century, Prussia was a major player on the global political stage. World War I vastly altered the country's political standing.

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At the 1806 Battle of Jena, Prussia fought against which "God of War"?

At the Battle of Jena, Prussia's outdated army clashed with Napoleon's modern military. Prussia was crushed … and then lost half of its territory to France.

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The German Empire lasted until ____.

When Prussian leaders took control of the German Empire in 1871, they didn't have a lot of time to dominate their opponents. The empire lasted until just 1918, which was near the end of World War I.

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In the wake of WWII, the Allies officially ended Prussia in _____.

For a couple of years after WWII, Prussia's presence lingered in Europe. But the writing was on the wall. In 1947, the Allies and their mapmakers wrote Prussia out of history for good.

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Prussia had an official motto: "Gott mit uns," which means what?

Like so many nations, Prussia had some religious leanings. The country's official motto was, "Gott mit uns," which means, "God with us."

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What happened to Germany during WWI?

In WWI, Germany's aggression failed to pay dividends. The county was roundly defeated by the Allies … and Germany's politics took a drastic turn.

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During its heyday, the Kingdom of Prussia was a ______ power.

Great powers are those nations that have incredible influence on world events. The Kingdom of Prussia was one such power, but as with all major political entities, it couldn't last forever.

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Which document had a tremendous impact on Prussia?

The 1919 Treaty of Versailles ended World War I -- and cemented Germany's fate as a major loser in the conflict. And as such, it staggered Prussia's standing in Europe, too.

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Which leader was in command of Prussia following its victory at the Battle of Waterloo?

After the triumph of the Battle of Waterloo -- and France's submission -- Prussia took on greater importance in Europe. And it was Frederick William III in command of the juggernaut.

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After the Battle of Jena, Prussia lost much of its land and ______.

Napoleon didn’t take it easy on Prussia after the Battle of Jena. He snatched Prussia's lands and demanded war reparations, too.

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Why did the Free State of Prussia lose its independence in 1933?

In 1933, Nazism was taking hold of Germany. A Prussian coup upended Prussia's politics -- and ended its independence.

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From 1710 to 1871, Prussia was ruled by what force?

The Kingdom of Prussia was definitely a monarchy, ruled by a series of powerful kings. In the late 1800s, though, the monarchy was running out of steam.

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When did William I become emperor of Prussia?

After the Franco-German War of the early 1870s, Prussia grew in strength. William I's army combined Prussian military elements with most of Germany's forces, creating a much more poweful army.

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After 1871, Prussia's history became almost one and the same with what other nation?

Following the ascension of William I, along with the combining of Prussian and German military forces, the history of Prussia and Germany essentially became one and the same. It marked the slow fading of Prussia proper in the minds of citizens and historians.

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What group was prominent in Prussia?

Germans were always prominent in Prussia. So, too, were the Polish people who made up much of the area's population.

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In 1918, the Prussian monarchy was abolished. Which entity took its place?

In 1918, the monarchy went the way of the dinosaurs. In its place, the Free State of Prussia rose. But this state wouldn't last for long.

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Prussia was just one state in the German Empire. How many states made up the empire?

There were 26 states in the German Empire. But none could match the might and majesty of Prussia.

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Which conflict essentially marked the end of Prussia?

At the end of WWII, the Nazis were defeated, and the reorganization of Germany began in earnest. Territorial lines were redrawn … and Prussia basically vanished.

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When was the Kingdom of Prussia founded?

The Kingdom of Prussia lasted from 1710 to 1871. During that time, Prussia was a European powerhouse that dictated many international affairs.

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True or false, does Prussia still exist?

Prussia went the way of the dodo bird. It is kaput, extinct, gone. And just how that happened is a complicated lesson in history.

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How did Prussia change after WWI?

Germany's loss in WWI was a blow to its empire. Prussia was forced to give up many pieces of its lands, a fact that threatened Prussia's very existence.

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What was "Gleichschaltung"?

In 1933, the process of Gleichschaltung, or Nazification, gripped Germany and Prussia. Hitler and his cronies were quickly taking control of the region, combining fractured German-speaking lands into one Reich.

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True or false, was the Free State of Prussia truly an independent entity?

The Free State of Prussia was born in the ashes of WWI, and it was an independent state. That status, however, lasted for less than a generation.

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The Prussian monarchy was cast aside during which conflict?

In 1918, as WWI raged throughout Europe, the German Revolution began. The revolution was a success, banishing the monarchy and implementing a republic in its place.

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