Do You Know What These Doctors Specialize In?

By: Becky Stigall

Do You Know What These Doctors Specialize In?
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About This Quiz

According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, there are more than 120 medical specialties and subspecialties. We've compiled a few of them in this quiz. Can you identify what each of these specialists does?
Gynecologist
Female reproductive anatomy
A gynecologist specializes in female reproductive anatomy. The term "gynecology" means "science of women."
Male reproductive anatomy
Neurology
Growth disorders

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Radiologist
Male reproductive anatomy
Medical imaging
A radiologist may use medical imaging to diagnose and help treat disorders and diseases. The initial "pictures" are usually taken by a technician.
Growth disorders
Mental health

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Obstetrician
Pregnancy and childbirth
An obstetrician is specially trained in pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. Many obstetricians are also trained in gynecology.
Mental health
Growth disorders
Adolescent medicine

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Cardiologist
Heart
A cardiologist specializes in the heart and the circulatory system. The word "cardiology" is from the Greek, meaning "heart" and "study."
Head
Bones
Digestion

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Oncologist
HIV
Pregnancy
Cancer
An oncologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. An oncologist might also focus on research and prevention of cancer.
Arthritis

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Gastroenterologist
Digestive disorders
A gastroenterologist focuses on the digestive system. Gastroenterologists complete several years of graduate medical education.
Cancer
Arthritis
Mental health

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Pulmonologist
Female reproductive anatomy
Muscles and bones
Respiratory diseases
A pulmonologist is specially trained in diseases of the respiratory system. The word pulmonology means "study of the lung."
Mental health

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Endocrinologist
Vision
Hearing
Hormones
An endocrinologist is concerned with the study of the glands that secrete hormones. They treat diseases such as diabetes and hypothyroidism.
Bones

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Hematologist
Lungs
Bones
Blood
A hematologist is concerned with disorders and diseases of the blood. They treat diseases such as anemia, leukemia and hemophilia.
Arthritis

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Rheumatologist
Joints and soft tissues
A rheumatologist specializes in diseases and disorders of the joints and soft tissues. A rheumatologist may treat diseases such as lupus and arthritis.
Male reproduction
Adolescent mental health
Cancer

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Immunologist
Arthritis
Cancer
Bones
Immunity
An immunologist specializes in the relationship between pathogens and immunity. They treat autoimmune diseases, including lupus.

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Infectiologist
Cancer
Infections
An infectiologist might also be called an infectious disease specialist. A doctor of this kind treats infections, including pneumonia, tuberculosis and AIDS/HIV.
Arthritis
Pregnancy

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Nephrologist
Heart
Digestion
Kidneys
A nephrologist treats disorders and diseases of the kidneys. A nephrologist might also be called a renal physician.
Reproduction

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Geriatrician
Care of the elderly
A geriatrician specializes in diseases and care of the elderly. A geriatrician might also be called a geriatric physician.
Female reproduction
Care of adolescents
Care of the mentally ill

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Algologist
Cancer
Bones
Blood
Pain
Algology is the study and treatment of pain. The word stems from the Greek word "algos," which means "pain." The specialty is often called pain management.

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Intensivist
Intensive care medicine
An intensivist practices intensive care medicine. This type of medicine may require the use of life support or invasive monitoring.
Radiologic medicine
Adolescent medicine
Geriatric medicine

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Sports physician
Geriatric medicine
Adolescent medicine
Sports medicine
Ok, so this one was a dead giveaway. Practitioners of sports medicine need a snazzy name, like "sportsivist."
Renal medicine

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Proctologist
Colorectal surgery
Proctologists often focus on colorectal surgery. The term "proctologist" has fallen out of use for the most part, in favor of "colorectal surgeon."
Neurosurgery
Pediatric surgery
Orthopedic surgery

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Endoradiologist
Adolescent medicine
Growth medicine
Geriatric medicine
Nuclear medicine
The term "endoradiology" means radiology "inside out." Nuclear medicine is used to diagnose and to treat diseases.

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Epidemiologist
Disease
Epidemiologists are concerned with the study and treatment of diseases in defined populations. They often work in positions of public health.
Heart health
Pregnancy
Arthritis

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Podiatrist
Hands
Back
Head
Feet
A podiatrist treats disorders of the feet, ankles and lower extremities. Before the 1900s, podiatrists were called chiropodists.

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Psychiatrist
Reproductive health
Renal health
Mental health
Psychiatrists diagnose and treat mental health disorders. Most treatments combine talk therapy with medications.
Digestive health

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Geneticist
Hereditary disorders
Medical geneticists focus on inherited disorders. They may diagnose and/or treat disorders such as sickle-cell anemia and Huntington's disease.
Male reproduction
Mental health
Growth disorders

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Neonatologist
Care of newborns
Neonatology is the branch of medicine that focuses on sick or premature newborns. Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics.
Care of the elderly
Care of adolescents
Care of the indigent

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Internists
Mental health
Pregnancy
General medicine
Internists practice general medicine. Many internists practice as primary care physicians.
Aging disorders

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Pediatrician
Elderly
Pregnant women
Cancer patients
Children and adolescents
Pediatricians treat children and adolescents. Pediatricians may choose a subspeciality, such as pediatric oncology or pediatric cardiology.

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Neurologist
Digestive system
Pulmonary system
Urinary system
Nervous system
A neurologist diagnosis and treats disorders of the nervous system. Neurology is from the Greek words "neuron" and "the study of."

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Dermatologist
Hair
Skin
Nails
All of the above
A dermatologist is concerned with issues of the hair, skin and nails. These issues may be either disease-related or cosmetic.

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Urologist
Urinary tract
A urologist is concerned with diseases and disorders of the urinary tract. A urologist might also focus on the male reproductive system.
Heart
Digestive tract
Nervous system

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Ophthalmologist
Eye
An ophthalmologist is trained in diseases and disorders of the eye. They treat problems such as cataracts and glaucoma.
Ears
Nose
Throat

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Pathologist
Ears
Nose
Throat
Disease
A pathologist studies diseases in general. A pathologist might specialize in certain systems, such as renal pathology or cardiac pathology.

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Anesthesiologist
Postpartum medicine
Geriatric medicine
Adolescent medicine
Perioperative medicine
An anesthesiologist works with a surgical team to care for surgical patients before, during and after surgery. An anesthesiologist might also be called an anaesthetist.

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Otorhinolaryngologist
Ears
Nose
Throat
All of the above
Otorhinolaryngologist is a fancy name for what most of us call an ENT. ENTs have surgical training.

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Immunologist
Heart and lungs
Birth defects
Genetic defects
Allergies and asthma
An immunologist treats allergies, asthma and immunologic disorders. An immunologist might also be called an allergist.

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Nutritionist
Nutrition
A physician nutrition specialist is a doctor with special training in human nutrition. Some physician nutrition specialists work with patients who have had weight loss surgery.
Pregnancy
Adolescence
Mental health

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