The Ultimate Endangered Cheetah Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Endangered Cheetah Quiz
Image: Kim Wolhuter/National Geographic/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Their elegance, grace and speed probably accounted for their popularity, but today cheetahs are in very grave danger of extinction. Learn about the dangers cheetahs face and what we can do to save them.
How long does it take a cheetah to accelerate from walking speed to running speed?
less than two seconds
It takes cheetahs less than two seconds to accelerate from walking speed to about 40 miles per hour (65 kph).
less than 10 seconds
more than 10 seconds

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What is the maximum speed cheetahs can usually reach?
40 miles per hour
55 miles per hour
70 miles per hour (110 kilometers)
Cheetahs can reach, in spurts up to about 230 yards (300 meters), a speed of up to 70 miles per hour (110 kph).

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How many times its body length can a cheetah leap?
twice
three
five
A cheetah can leap five times its body length, about seven meters (23 feet), in a single stride.

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What do cheetahs usually prey on?
birds
antelope and gazelle
Cheetahs usually prey on gazelle and antelope, knocking them to the ground and strangling them.
zebras and antelope

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How many cheetahs did Akbar the Great capture?
500
3000
9000
Akbar the Great, an Indian ruler in the 1500s, captured about 9,000 cheetahs during his 49 year reign.

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Where do today's surviving cheetahs mostly live?
Africa
Today, the remaining population of cheetahs live in southern and eastern Africa and in the Sahel region, south of the Sahara.
U.S.A
Iran

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How many cheetahs live in captivity around the world?
500
1000
There are about 1,000 cheetahs living in captivity, some 300 of them in the U.S.A.
1500

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What is the lowest estimation of the current African cheetah population?
1000
2000
5000
The lowest estimation of the African cheetah population is 5,000 cheetahs. The highest is 15,000 to 25,000.

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Why is the cheetah an endangered species?
Most of the cheetah population was wiped out by fur traders.
Most of the cheetah population was wiped out by a plague in the early 1900s.
Most of the cheetah population has been wiped out over time because humans have destroyed cheetah's natural habitat and their food supply.
Cheetahs are endangered because human infrastructure has destroyed their natural habitat and food supply -- the antelope population. They were also targeted by hunters and fur traders.

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In what decade did cheetahs receive protected status?
the 1960s
the 1970s
Cheetahs received protected status from the United States Endangered Species Act of 1973 and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species in 1975. This protected them from hunters, but they are still vulnerable to being shot by African farmers protecting their livestock.
the 1980s

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For how many minutes must a cheetah rest after conducting a high speed hunt to catch supper?
two minutes
10 minutes
30 minutes
A cheetah must rest for up to 30 minutes after it catches its prey. This means that in protected nature reserves, cheetahs have a poor rate of survival, because lions, hyenas and vultures steal the cheetah's kill while they are recovering from their high speed hunt.

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How many cheetahs lose their kill to competitive predators?
one in five
one in 10
According to Timothy M. Caro of the University of California, who has studied cheetahs in Tanzania's Serengeti Plain, one in 10 cheetahs loses its kill to competitive predators. Because they are built to run, not to fight, cheetahs will lose the battle against competing predators.
one in 100

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In the Serengeti Plain, what percentage of cheetah cubs do not make it to adulthood?
40 percent
60 percent
95 percent
In the Serengeti Plain, 95 percent of cheetah cubs do not make it to adulthood; 75 percent are killed by lions.

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What did David E. Wildt, a biomedical researcher specializing in cats, discover about cheetah sperm?
He discovered that 70 percent of cheetah sperm were abnormal.
David E. Wildt took sperms samples from a number of cheetahs in captivity in the U.S. and discovered that 70 percent of the sperm were abnormal, with deformities that would prevent them from being able to penetrate a female ovum.
He discovered that cheetahs have a very low sperm count.
He discovered that cheetah sperm are built in a way that makes it difficult for them to survive inside a female cheetah's body.

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What did Stephen J. O'Brien attribute the cheetah's abnormal sperm to?
stressful conditions in captivity
lack of genetic variation among cheetahs
Stephen J. O'Brien, a researcher at the U.S. National Cancer Institute thought that the cheetah's abnormal sperm was caused by a lack of genetic variation among cheetahs, because Wildt found this phenomena among African cheetahs as well. This ruled out the possibility that it was because of the stressful conditions of captivity.
exposure to atomic waste

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What epidemic broke out amongst cheetahs in Oregon's Wildlife Safari?
pneumonia
swine flu
infectious peritonitis
In 1982, infectious peritonitis (FIP) broke out among the cheetah population, killing 18 out of 42.

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How many cheetah's rejected the skin grafts that O'Brien and colleagues gave them?
three
When O'Brien and his colleagues experimented on 14 cheetahs and gave them skin grafts from one another, only three cheetahs' bodies rejected the graft after 40 days, indicating that their immune systems were all genetically similar. When this same experiment was conducted on house cats, all the skin grafts were rejected within 14 days.
eight
13

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Between the years 1987 and 1991, how many captive cheetah births were there?
33
56
201
There were 201 captive births, in 58 litters. This was half the amount of captive births that had occurred over the last 30 years.

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What is a typical cheetah's personality?
friendly
easily frightened
By nature, cheetah's are easily frightened. Scientist's therefore recommend that African farmers rely on more aggressive animals to protect their livestock from cheetahs, rather than to shoot them.
aggressive

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In the Serengeti, in how much territory would a female cheetah be alone in?
100 square miles (300 square kilometers)
200 square miles (500 square kilometers)
300 square miles (800 square kilometers)
A female cheetah would be alone in about 300 square miles of territory. For this reason, to encourage successful breeding among captive cheetahs, zoos keep cheetahs in several groups, as they prefer to mate with unfamiliar male cheetahs.

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You Got:
/20
Kim Wolhuter/National Geographic/Getty Images

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