The Ultimate Engine Technology Quiz
About This Quiz
The internal combustion engine changed civilization in myriad ways. How much do you know about engine technology? Test your knowledge with this quiz.
What year was the first internal combustion engine built in America?
It was created by John Stevens in 1798, who also built the country's first steam locomotive.
What do most engines use for cooling purposes?
Cooling systems are vital to the health of the engine.
In which country did the first car manufacturers appear?
Panhard and Levassor and Peugeot of France were true trailblazers.
Before the advent of fuel injectors, cars relied on what to supply fuel to the combustion chamber?
Carburetors did that job — fuel injection became much more common in the 1980s.
In what year did Alfred Buchi patent a turbocharger?
The Swiss inventor patented the turbocharger in 1905.
What is the ideal air-to-gasoline ratio for car engines?
The ideal ratio is 14.7-to-1. You only need a bit of gas to get things going.
During which stroke cycle does the spark plug fire?
Combustion is also called the power stroke, which forces the piston back to the bottom of the cylinder. The spark plug's firing is what begins the combustion stroke.
Who created the world's first four-wheeled automobile?
Daimler created it in 1886 and started a transportation revolution.
What does a turbocharger do?
adds more gas to the gas/air mixture
forces more air into the combustion chamber
A turbocharger forces more air into the combustion chamber, improving efficiency and power.
reduces the engine's exhaust gas
Who started the first car manufacturing company in the United States?
Frank Duryea and his brother Charles built their first vehicle in 1893.
In-line engines have cylinders arranged in what configuration?
The row of cylinders is a simple and effective design.
In the 17th century Samuel Morland used what substance to drive water pumps?
He used gunpowder. It was an explosive combination.
To what are the engines pistons attached?
A connecting rod links the pistons to the crankshaft.
Most consumer vehicle engines have how many strokes?
The four strokes are intake, compression, combustion and exhaust.
Who is credited with inventing the first internal combustion engine?
There were engines before the one he created, but his was the first that found real success.
When did Henry Ford revolutionize car manufacturing using assembly line construction?
The debut of Ford's assembly line in 1913 accelerated the assembly process and transformed the entire world of manufacturing.
What's the purpose of the flywheel on a car?
It's a heavy plate that reduces engine vibrations.
to add a little more horsepower
How were the first internal combustion engines started?
You can imagine the frustration when the hand-crank process malfunctioned.
Which company invented VTEC technology?
Honda invented VTEC, which stands for "variable valve timing and lift electronic control."
Most engine blocks are made from what material?
In addition to aluminum alloy, they are also often made from cast iron.
Chevy's 454 engine produced about how much horsepower?
290 horsepower (216,253 watts)
The engine produced about 390 horsepower and was featured in the 1970 Corvette.
The first piston engines lacked which characteristic?
Compression in the cylinders is a key component of contemporary engines.
The mass-produced Ford flathead V-8 included what components in a single engine block?
the transmission and cylinders
the pistons and camshafts
the cylinders and crankcase
The engine included the cylinders and crankcase in an engine block. It was the first time this concept was mass produced.
In many engines the timing chain connects the camshaft to what?
It connects the camshaft to the crankshaft. Many modern engines place the camshaft in the cylinder right next to the valves.
In what year did Karl Benz receive a patent for his first automobile?
He got his first engine patent in 1879 and his first automobile patent in 1886.
In 1864 how long did it take Etienne Lenoir's motorized carriage to travel 14 miles (23 kilometers)?
It took about three hours. That's slower than average walking speed, making for a less-than-thrilling ride.
Contemporary car engines typically have about how many valves per cylinder?
There are usually two to five valves per cylinder. Each cylinder needs as least one intake and exhaust valve.
Chevy's large displacement V-8 engines were known as what?
Big Block engines were made starting in the 1950s, due in part to the bigger vehicles that Americans were demanding.
What does the acronym "DOHC" stand for?
dynamic overheat heating coil
double omission hybrid crankshaft
You'll sometimes see the acronym, which stands for "double overhead camshaft," included in a vehicle's specifications.
What is the ECU?
The engine control unit is usually a car's most powerful computer. It takes data from many sensors and alters the car's performance accordingly.
the environmental control unit
the exterior control unit