Think you know all about England? Prove it!
England has a rich and storied history. So rich and legendary, in fact, that many of us are obsessed with it (don't believe us? Check out Netflix). From colorful and powerful rulers to modern-day politics, England gives us much to talk about (and plenty of fodder for quizzes!).
The land we call England has been inhabited for the better part of one million years, yet much of what we refer to as English history began after the Romans lost control of the area. To watch Netflix tell the story, modern-day England started with the rule of the Tudors - Henry and the rest of the clan - in 1845. Henry is most famous for having eight wives, many of whom lost their heads because of real and/or imagined transgressions against the king. Still, Henry Tudor, in his prime, was a strong and intelligent ruler and worth the nod that history gives to him. Too bad about those wives, though.
If you think you know all about the Tudors, English conflicts, and the conflicts that made England the country it is today, take a stab at this quiz (but don't lose your head if you don't get them all right!).
Caesar's army hit British shores in August of 55 B.C.E., but the Romans didn't conquer Britain until 43 C.E.
Hadrian's Wall marked the northern edge of the Roman Empire. It extended about 75 miles (121 kilometers) from the North Sea to the Irish Sea.
Roman rule over England lasted almost 400 years — they cleared out in 407 C.E.
Edwine is the only fake one on the list.
King Harold II was the last Anglo-Saxon king. William the Conqueror of Normandy took over after the Battle of Hastings.
Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland signed the Treaty of York.
The Hundred Years' War went a little overtime — it ended in 1453. (There were several periods of peace, though.)
The Black Death of 1348 was one of the worst pandemics ever; it killed up to 200 million people around the world.
The Lancasters and Yorks were two branches of the ruling Plantagenets that fought for control of the throne. The Lancasters eventually won, and Henry VII became king.
The House of Lancaster was symbolized by a red rose, and the Yorks by a white rose.
Henry VIII's desire for a divorce started the ball rolling on his break with the Roman Catholic Church.
Alice of Lancashire was not one of Henry's six wives.
In 1605, authorities foiled the plans of a group of Catholics, including Guy Fawkes, that was plotting to blow up the House of Lords and assassinate King James I.
Parliament leader Oliver Cromwell led a successful civil war against Charles I and installed himself as "lord protector" from 1653 until his death in 1659.
Things quickly fell apart after Oliver Cromwell's death, and his son held power very briefly.
The Restoration period started in 1660.
Richard III ruled from 1483-1485
Parliament wanted Mary to succeed James II, but she refused, so she and her husband William of Orange took the throne as co-rulers.
England, Scotland and Wales were included in Great Britain, but Ireland stayed out until 1801. Then the name changed to United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Walpole is generally considered the first, serving roughly from 1721-1742.
In 1922, Ireland broke from the United Kingdom to form the Irish Free State. Northern Ireland stayed in the U.K.
The Tories became the Conservative Party, and the Whigs became the Liberal Party, which declined and was basically replaced by the Labour Party.
Victoria held the throne for 63 years (1837-1901), making her reign the second-longest in English history.
Elizabeth II, who was crowned in 1952, passed her great-great-grandmother for the record in 2015.
The bombing lasted eight months, from September 1940 to May 1941. About 40,000 civilians were killed.
The legendary prime minister won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1953 for his numerous memoirs and historical volumes.
The U.K. and Ireland joined up on Jan. 1, 1973.
"The Iron Lady," Great Britain's first female prime minister, was a Conservative.
Three suicide bombers hit the Underground, and a fourth blew up a bus.
The "Brexit" vote ended with 51.9 percent opting to leave the EU. The process has not yet been finalized.