Most people spend the majority of their day in their workplace, so it is easy to understand how a workplace that is poorly set up can cause you injury. Using the principles of ergonomics you can make your workplace a safer and healthier environment. Take this quiz to see how many rules of ergonomics you know.
Some 800,000 employees are injured each year as a result of a poor workplace setup.
Neutral position is the position in which minimum work is required for the body to maintain the position.
Most musculoskeletal disorders are caused by repeatedly straining and injuring the same area.
Productivity decreases after an injury since people become irritable and find it hard to focus on the job when they have aches and pains.
Many people end up with tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome as a result of incorrect computer posture placing strain on the wrists.
Ergonomics is the science of adapting workplace conditions to the size and capabilities of the employee.
Your knees should be slightly higher than your hips in order to relieve pressure on the lower back. The feet should rest comfortably on the floor or on a stool.
You computer should be 16 to 18 inches away from your eyes and your chin should be at the height of the center of the screen. This distance should help you to avoid leaning forward or backward, which can put pressure on the disks in the neck.
The rib cage supports the thoracic spine, making it less susceptible to injury than the neck or lower back.
Avoid crunching the phone between your shoulders as a method of holding it without using your hands. This method causes neck strain. Rather, use a headset or use the loudspeaker function.
Carpal tunnel syndrome results from muscle strain to the fingers, wrists and arms and can cause loss of grip.
Try to go for a five-minute walk every 20 to 30 minutes in order to increase the blood and oxygen flowing to your muscles. This helps to refresh the muscles so that they can maintain a good posture.
Although they tend to be more expensive, chairs that allow you to make more adjustments, including height and lumbar curve placement, can save you a lot of back problems.
The spine curves at four points, forming an "S" shape. Good posture should help to maintain this shape, which is the healthiest position for the back to be in.
Good posture keeps pressure on the bones rather than the intervertebral disks, which can withstand pressure for only a short time before damage occurs.