Famous War Paintings Quiz: Can You Name the War From the Painting?

By: Tasha Moore

Famous War Paintings Quiz: Can You Name the War From the Painting?
Image: Wiki Commons by Google Cultural Institute

About This Quiz

Take the time to go back in time with the military paintings we present. Identify the wars that changed the course of history portrayed in celebrated works by master artists of yesterday and today. 

Franciso Goya, Winslow Homer, Paul Nash and John Trumbull are just a few of the names you should know when it comes to great historical painters. These artists demonstrated the unique sensitivity required to translate the drama and suspense of major world battles like the American Revolutionary War, World War II and the Napoleonic Wars during the French Revolution. Principalities engaged in conflict were well aware of the powerful impact of well-executed war artwork. Britain and the United States continue to hire war photographers, just as they conscripted painters in older times. Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte of France gave master portraitist Jacques-Louis David "First Painter" props for the painter's ability to cast his great leader in a victorious light. Britain hired artist Evelyn Dunbar to record World War II for her talent and female perspective. At the same time, chronicling wars in a painterly fashion might have been incidental to an artist's main involvement in a war. Josef Nassy was a prisoner in a World War II internment camp when he illustrated "Laufen."

ID the riveting war experiences of Nassy and other major battle painters now!

Our Banner in the Sky by Frederic Edwin Church Frederic Edwin Church uses a dead tree as a flagpole in this painting. Can you name the correct war?
American Civil War
Civil War artist Frederic Edwin Church painted "Our Banner in the Sky," a patriotic image right after the War commenced in the spring of 1861. Church, a landscape artist, utilized celestial structures in his sky to recreate the American flag.
World War II
Korean War
Gulf War

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the third of may 1808 The artist of this painting expatriated to Bordeaux, France toward the end of his life. What war did he depict?
American Revolutionary War
Syrian Civil War
Peninsular War
Spanish artist Francisco Goya illustrated Napoleon's troops shooting directly at Madrid citizens in "Third of May 1808" (1814). The painter memorialized Spain's resistance to Napoleon Bonaparte's military aggression in this and his other famous painting "Second of May 1808" (1814).
Gulf War

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Battle of Mobile Bay 1890 by Xanthus Smith Artist Xanthus Russell Smith joined the Navy during which war?
Kosovo War
Algerian War
American Civil War
Xanthus Russell Smith captured the August 5, 1864 Battle of Mobile Bay in his 1890 portrait of the same battle name. It was Smith's talent for writing that secured his position as clerk to Captain Thomas G. Corbin while Smith served in the U.S. Navy during the Civil War.
Russian Revolution

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A Rainy Day in Camp by Winslow Homer The 19th-century creator of this painting was also an illustrator. Do you know the war?
Chinese Civil War
Hundred Years' War
American Civil War
Winslow Homer reenacted the siege of Yorktown in his Civil War painting "A Rainy Day in Camp" (1871). Born in Massachusetts in 1836, Homer frequently traveled to the Caribbean, where he was inspired to create bright, tropical watercolors, in stark contrast to his wartime imagery.
Yemeni Civil War

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Battle of Germany by Paul Nash The artist of this painting was 50 years old when which war began?
Mexican Revolution
Philippine-American War
Boxer Rebellion
World War II
World War II artist Paul Nash rendered celebrated paintings, such as "Battle of Britain" (1941), "Defence of Albion" (1942) and "Totes Meer" (1941). Pictured here, "Battle of Germany" (1944) is, perhaps, the most prominent of Nash's works.

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Shelter Experiments by John Piper John Piper was the war artist who painted this representation. What major war did Piper depict?
World War II
Born in 1903, war artist John Piper used his family's secluded cottage as his painting studio. In the 1940s, Piper expressed morbid sentiment for war using watercolors, ink and gouache. "Shelter Experiments" (1943) showcases a Neo-Romantic art style.
American Indian Wars
Bosnian War
Vietnam War

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The Sowers by Thomas Benton Name the conflict that Thomas Hart Benton portrayed in "The Sowers."
World War II
Thomas Hart Benton based "The Sowers" (1942) on the peasant paintings of French artist Jean-Francois Millet. Benton's interpretation was one of eight pieces depicting violence that he made for his "Year of Peril" series.
Gulf War
War in Afghanistan
Iraq War

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The Queue at the Fish shop by Evelyn Dunbar Evelyn Dunbar was the only female artist paid for her work at the time. Can you guess the war she chronicled?
Indonesian National Revolution
Greek Civil War
World War II
Evelyn Dunbar created paintings, like "The Queue at the Fishshop" (1944), that recorded the lives of ordinary women and Women's Land Army recruits. The British War Artists' Advisory Committee commissioned Dunbar for her World War II perspective.
Arab-Israeli War

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7 Guernica Do you remember the event that Pablo Picasso documented in this painting?
Korean War
Cuban Revolution
Spanish Civil War
Spanish artist Pablo Picasso documented the 1937 Nazi Germany aerial bombing of Guernica, a small town in Spain. In 1939, the painter donated the piece titled "Guernica" to the New York Museum of Modern Art.
Algerian War

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Whaam! by Roy Lichtenstein This actual painting measures 13 feet wide. What major world event does it portray?
World War I
Vietnam War
Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein appropriated Korean War and World War II comics in his "Whaam!" (1963) diptych painting to re-create a Vietnam War scene. In Lichtenstein's comic-book setting, a combat pilot shoots down an enemy plane.
War of 1812
American Civil War

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The Death of General Wolfe by Benjamin West Benjamin West unveiled the painting that you see here 12 years after the ________.
French and Indian War
American painter Benjamin West debuted "The Death of General Wolfe" (1770) in London on April 29, 1771. The artist's war portrait renders the death of British General James Wolfe, who was wounded on September 13, 1759 at the Plains of Abraham during the French and Indian Wars.
Iraq War
Seven Years' War
Syrian Civil War

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The Revolt of Cairo by Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson The creator of this portrayal was also a poet and printmaker. Do you know the event depicted?
French Revolutionary War
Artist Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson was a student of Jacques Louis David. Girodet's works include "The Revolt of Cairo" (1798), "The Sleep of Endymion" (1791) and "The Spirits of French Heroes Welcomed by Ossian into Odin's Paradise" (1801).
Ifni War
Laotian Civil War
Basque conflict

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The Face of War by Salvador Dali Gala Dimitrovna Diaharoff accompanied the artist on his first U.S. trip in 1934. Choose the war that his painting documents.
Guatemalan Civil War
Sino-Indian War
Ramadan Revolution
World War II
Salvador Dali was a famous surrealist painter. He, like other surrealist artists, explored the unconscious realm. The infinite skulls in Dali's painting "The Face of War" (1940) suggests inevitable infinite death and destruction from war.

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The Massacre at Chios by Eugène Delacroix This was Eugene Delacroix's main Paris Salon entry in 1824. Quickly guess the conflict.
World War I
America Revolutionary War
Greek War of Independence
"The Massacre at Chios" (1824) documents the aftereffects of the Greek War of Independence. Although his works are celebrated today, French artist Eugene Delacroix was heavily criticized by his contemporaries for a lack of technical skill in his work.
Vietnam War

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Wounded Cuirassier by Théodore Géricault The Louvre Museum in Paris, France barred the renowned artist Theodore Gericault for brawling in the Grande Galerie. What major world fight did Gericault document?
Peninsular War
French painter Theodore Gericault rendered the "Wounded Cuirassier" (1814) a few years after he completed his first major painting, "The Charging Chasseur" (1812). Gericault's work was not as popular during his life as it was after his death.
War of the Golden Stool
Saudi-Rashidi War
Russo-Japanese War

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Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Leutze This painting depicts Christmas Night, 1776. Do you know the exact war?
American Revolutionary War
Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze captured an image of George Washington crossing the Delaware River to execute a surprise attack on Hessian troops based in Trenton, New Jersey. Leutze's "Washington Crossing the Delaware" (1851) is one of the most recognizable American war paintings.
Honduran-Nicaraguan War
Mexican Revolution
Paraguayan Civil War

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Battle of San Romano by Paolo Uccello This painting of the ________ comprises three large panels.
Shifta War
Battle of San Romano
In "Battle of San Romano" (c. 1450s), Italian painter Paolo Uccello reenacted the 1432 battle of San Romano, a skirmish between the Sienese and the Florentines. Uccello posited Florentine leader Niccolo da Tolentino on the white horse.
Rhodesian Bush War
Dominican Civil War

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Battle of Alexander at Issus by Albrecht Altdorfer Altdorfer's works are often viewed as religious narratives. Do you recognize the war shown in his painting?
War in Afghanistan
Spanish Civil War
Battle of Alexander at Issus
German artist Albrecht Altdorfer painted a 333 B.C. battle of a thousand warriors that includes Alexander the Great in "The Battle of Alexander at Issus" (1529). The artist's fascination with astronomical objects, like novas, comets and stellar flares, is evident in the war portrait.
Bosnian War

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The Surrender of Breda by Diego Velázquez "The Surrender of Breda" was showcased at Madrid's Buen Retiro Palace. Take a guess at the major conflict memorialized here.
Soviet-Afghan War
Eighty Years' War
The Spanish encounter the Dutch in 17th-century court painter Diego Velazquez's "The Surrender of Breda" (1634-1635). In the image, Dutch general Justin of Nassau offers Spanish commander Ambrosio Spinola the key of Breda.
Second Boer War
World War II

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The Death of Major Peirson by John Singleton Copley Copley was considered the most skilled American portrait artist of his genre. Can you ID the war he depicted here?
Libyan Civil War
Chinese Civil War
Lebanese Civil War
American Revolutionary War
John Singleton Copley's historical painting "The Death of Major Peirson" (1781) records the moment when British Major Francis Peirson was slain after forging a counterattack against French forces, who were aiding America, seizing Jersey in the English Channel. The British declared victory at the time of Peirson's death.

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Brig 'Mercury' Attacked by Two Turkish Ships by Ivan Aivazovsky The artist of this image set up a studio in Theodosia, Russia. What is the conflict rendered here?
American Indian Wars
Mexican-American War
Vietnam War
Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829
Armenian-Russian painter Ivan Aivazovsky memorialized the Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829 in his 1892 seascape titled "Brig 'Mercury' Attacked by Two Turkish Ships." The prolific artist finished approximately 6,000 portraits from his Black Sea port studio.

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The Battle of Chesme on 25-26 June 1770 Ivan Constantinovich Aivazovsky The battle in this historical painting by Aivazovsky's took place in 1770. Can you determine the war?
Seven Years' War
American Civil War
Russo-Turkish War of 1768-1774
In 1848, Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky memorialized a nighttime sea battle scene in "The Battle of Chesme on 25-26 June 1770." The Russians were dominant aggressors in their fight against the Turks, whom the Russians had cornered in Chesme Bay.
Dominican Civil War

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The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama by Édouard Manet The defeated ship in Manet's image used to hunt down merchant boats of the opposing side. Identify Manet's war subject.
American Civil War
In "The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama" (1864), French painter Edouard Manet chronicled the Battle of Cherbourg, which took place on June 19, 1864 off the shores of Cherbourg, France. The U.S.S. Kearsarge sank the Confederate's Alabama warship after two hours of battle.
Chadian Civil War
Six-Day War
Nigerian Civil War

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The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 1782 by John Singleton Copley "The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 1782" is a large 18-by-25-foot painting of the ________.
American Revolutionary War
American artist John Singleton Copley beat master painter Benjamin West to win a commission from the Corporation of London to translate the siege of Gibraltar in the war portrait "The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 1782" (1783-1791). The siege began in 1779.
War of Attrition
Vietnam War
Papua conflict

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The Battle of Gettysburg- Repulse of Longstreet's Assault, July 3, 1863 by James Walker A 19th-century portraitist painted "The Battle of Gettysburg: Repulse of Longstreet's Assault, July 3, 1863." Do you know the major fight represented?
World War I
Yom Kippur War
American Civil War
James Walker's "The Battle of Gettysburg: Repulse of Longstreet's Assault, July 3, 1863" (c. 1864-1870) had been a private collector's piece for many years after it was created. The Johnson Collection acquired the battle painting in 2004 from art dealer Rob Hicklin.
Angolan Civil War

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The Burial of Latane by William D Washington The painting that you see is classified as a "Lost Cause" image of the ________.
Vietnam War
Korean War
Seven Years' War
American Civil War
William D. Washington memorialized the burial of a Confederate officer in "The Burial of Latané" (1864). The 29-year-old cavalry soldier was killed in June 1862 during J. E. B. Stuart's ride around McClellan's troops that occurred during the Peninsula Campaign.

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Sergeant Alvin C. York by Frank Schoonover At one point, philanthropist Allan Jones purchased the "W" painting. Do you know which war it memorialized?
World War I
Frank Schoonover's 1919 war portrait titled "Sergeant Alvin C. York" is of a Tennessee war hero. Corporal York demonstrated great bravery during the First World War when he commanded a group of 17 American soldiers in an ambush of Argonne in France.
Mexican-American War
Spanish Civil War
Bosnian War

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La Partie de cartes by Fernand Leger Leger's war paintings were huge. Can you guess the conflict?
Lebanese War
Second Boer War
Mexican Revolution
World War I
French artist Fernand Léger created the Modernist-styled "La Partie de cartes" ("The Card Game") (1917) while recovering from a German mustard gas attack. Léger had spent a few years fighting in Argonne before his injury.

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Napoleon Crossing the Alps by Jacques-Louis David Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte gave Jacques-Louis David the title "First Painter." Which conflict was he famous for portraying?
French Revolutionary War
"Napoleon Crossing the Alps" (1801) is arguably French painting master Jacques-Louis David's most successful piece. The portrait is a reenactment of Napoleon Bonaparte crossing the Alps toward a victorious battle at Marengo against Austrian troops.
Iraq War
American Civil War
Six-Day War

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General George Washington at Trenton by John Trumbull Despite being blind in one eye from a childhood injury, John Trumbull rendered impressive ________ imagery.
World War II
American Civil War
American Revolutionary War
Lebanon, Connecticut native John Trumbull painted an intimate portrayal of a military major general in "General George Washington at Trenton" (1792). As a soldier in the Continental Army, Trumbull had served as aide-de-camp to Washington in 1775 for a brief period.
Mexican Revolution

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The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777 by John Trumbull For "The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777," the artist had the general's actual son pose for him. What war is this scene from?
Uganda-Tanzania War
Soviet-Afghan War
Coconut War
American Revolutionary War
Art historians contend that General George Washington is depicted inaccurately in American artist John Trumbull's "The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777" (c. 1787-1831). Way before the colonies revolted, Brigadier General Hugh Mercer was considered a fearless rebel.

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The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, December 31, 1775 by John Trumbull "The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, December 31, 1775" was one of the painter's first successful war portraits. Guess the war.
Vietnam War
Korean War
American Revolutionary War
John Trumbull illustrated a scene from the Canadian campaign of the American Revolution in "The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, December 31, 1775" (1786). During the Battle of Quebec, General John Montgomery invaded Canada and seized Montreal.
World War I

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The Battle of White Mountain by Peter Snayers Pieter Snayers was designated official painter for the Habsburgs. What war did Snayers focus on?
Thirty Years' War
Flemish painter Pieter Snayers emphasized Austrian resilience in "The Battle of White Mountain" (1620). The victory in Bohemia emboldened the Habsburg rulers to consolidate power throughout the Empire.
Bandit War
First Balkan War
Zaian War

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The Siege of Aire-Sur-La-Lys by Peter Snayers This painter's goal was to memorialize the victories of his imperial commissioner. Are you aware of the war?
World War II
World War I
Bluff War
Thirty Years' War
In "The Siege of Aire-Sur-La-Lys" (1653), artist Pieter Snayers depicted the Battle of La Marfee that transpired during the Thirty Years' War. Snayers commissioned the aid of cartographers and military strategists to help render the most victorious panoramic imagery possible for the Habsburg Empire.

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Final Banzai Charge against the Americans on Attu Island by Foujita Tsuguharu The artist who went by the name "Foujita" is responsible for this work that chronicles _______.
World War I
World War II
Controversial artist Fujita Tsuguharu's mastery of both Japanese and Western art styles is evident in "Final Banzai Charge against the Americans on Attu Island" (1943). "Foujita" achieved fame for his paintings in the West during the early 20th century.
Yom Kippur War
Mexican-American War

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The Kensingtons at Laventie by Eric Kennington The British Army and the Royal Navy were two of artist Eric Henri Kennington's clients. Can you identify the conflict he covered?
World War I
English artist Eric Henri Kennington offered an intimate platoon portrait in his World War I depiction "The Kensingtons at Laventie" (1915). Several of Kennington's soldiers in the image suffer from extreme exhaustion due to the war.
American Civil War
American Revolutionary War
World War II

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Morning on the Tarmac by Eric Ravilious This painter made it his job to create detailed portraits of equipment and ships while at the Royal Navy Base in Chatham. Pick Eric Ravilious's war shown here.
Vietnam War
World War II
"Morning on the Tarmac" (1941), by English artist Eric Ravilious, captured the final days of the H.M.S. Glorious, an aircraft carrier that sank off the Norwegian coast in June 1940. The ship met its fate amid controversial circumstances.
American Civil War
Somali Civil War

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