In the mid-1960s, the hippie counterculture developed in the United States, initially focused around civil rights demonstrations and anti-Vietnam War protests. Hippies' antiviolent, free love ethos sprang from the concept of "flower power," which advocated for peace, not war.
Which beatnik poet popularized the flower power concept of nonviolent antiwar protesting?
Beat poet and counterculture leader Allen Ginsberg propagated the "flower power" concept while helping organize a November 1965 protest against the Vietnam War in Berkeley, Calif.
What city became flower power central in the 1960s?
San Francisco and its Haight-Ashbury district became the unofficial capitol of flower power and the hippie movement, culminating with the 1967 Summer of Love.
In addition to flowers, Ginsberg encouraged antiwar demonstrators to bring other items to the Vietnam War protests, including what?
Ginsberg suggested protestors also take along a variety of benign objects, including toy soldiers, rubber swords, candy bars, instruments and crosses.
In 1967, thousands of hippies gathered together to try to levitate what iconic building?
On Oct. 21, 1967, more than 100,000 demonstrators gathered in Washington D.C. to protest the Vietnam War, and a group of hippies attempted to levitate the Pentagon building. They were, not surprisingly, unsuccessful.
What music festival marked the highlight of the Summer of Love?
The Monterey International Pop Festival in June 1967, featuring Jimi Hendrix, The Who, and The Mamas and the Papas, marked the pinnacle of the Summer of Love in San Francisco.
What event in San Francisco signaled the beginning of the end of the psychedelic lifestyle in the 1960s?
In a public display of disenchantment with the psychedelic lifestyle and the mainstreaming of the hippie movement, a funeral parade mourning the "Death of the Hippie" marched through the Haight-Ashbury district on October 6, 1967.
What 1967 pop hit became the anthem of the Summer of Love in San Francisco?
Flower power came into mainstream America with Scott McKenzie’s 1967 hit "San Francisco." The popular hippie anthem sang "If you're going to San Francisco, be sure to wear some flowers in your hair."
What did Jimi Hendrix light on fire while performing at the Monterey International Pop Festival?
Popular legend maintains that in an attempt to one-up the stage shenanigans of The Who, Jimi Hendrix set his guitar on fire while performing at the Monterey International Pop Festival.
Who told hippies to "tune in, turn on and drop out" at the 1967 Human Be-In gathering at San Francisco's Golden Gate Park?
LSD guru and ex-Harvard professor Timothy Leary famously told the hippie masses at the Human Be-In to "tune in, turn off and drop out," urging them to drop out of school and pursue the psychedelic lifestyle.
What other counterculture group threatened violence against hippies protesting the Vietnam War?
The Hells Angels motorcycle gang supported the Vietnam War and often threatened to shut down antiwar protests by force.
A Hells Angels member killed a concert goer at a concert for what band?
In 1969, The Rolling Stones hired the Hells Angels as security at their Altamont Free Concert. But when a concert goer got into a scuffle with one of the Hells Angels, the skirmish ended in murder.
In what year did California criminalize LSD?
As San Francisco became a hub of LSD use in the mid-1960s, California legally banned the drug in October 1966.
San Franciscans started tossing around the label "hippie" in what year?
Originally coined as an insult for people who chased fads, "hippie" began catching on in San Francisco in 1953.
From 1964 to 1968, California saw a huge rise in what?
Hippie "free love" was partially responsible for a 165 percent increase in California's syphilis and gonorrhea contraction rate.
What was the unofficial newspaper of the San Francisco hippies?
The San Francisco Oracle, which was only published from 1966 to 1968, served as the unofficial paper of the hippie psychedelic lifestyle, featuring articles such as "The Politics of Ecstasy."
Along with Allen Ginsberg, what other famous author helped shepherd the early hippie movement?
Author of "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest," Ken Kesey and his band of Merry Pranksters experimented heavily with psychedelic drugs and organized the Acid Test gatherings. Tom Wolfe documented Kesey's acid antics in his book "Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test."
Who allegedly coined the 1960s slogan, "Make Love, Not War"?
Although the origin has been disputed, comedian Gershon Legman claims to have coined the phrase during a 1963 speech at Ohio University.
What popular music magazine released its first issue in 1967?
Rolling Stone published its first issue on Nov. 9, 1967, featuring John Lennon and Yoko Ono on the cover.
What was the popular name for the thousands of young adults who flocked to San Francisco during the Summer of Love?
Riffing the line "If you're going to San Francisco, be sure to wear some flowers in your hair," from Scott Mackenzie's 1967 hit "San Francisco," people referred to the San Francisco transplants as flower children.
What seminal psychedelic rock 'n' roll album of the 1960s was released in 1967?
Just in time for the Summer of Love, The Beatles released "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" in June 1967.
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