The Ultimate Glacier Bay National Park Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Glacier Bay National Park Quiz
Image: iStockphoto.com/Ruth Peterkin

About This Quiz

In the southern region of Alaska you will find the Glacier Bay National Park, regarded as one of the finest of all the national parks. Join us in exploring this wonderland of glaciers, snow-topped mountains and beaches by taking this quiz.
Where is the Glacier Bay National Park situated?
Eastern Alaska
Southeastern Alaska
It is in Southeastern Alaska.
Northern Alaska

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How big is this park?
3,283,246 acres
It covers an area of 3,283,246 acres.
2,233,256 acres
1,283,332 acres

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When was the park established?
1960
1970
1980
It was established in 1980.

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Why is it considered a living laboratory?
Scientists can study the bear in its native habitat.
Scientists can study the retreat of glaciers.
Scientists there can study the natural processes that occur when a glacier retreats.
Scientists can study diverse varieties of marine life.

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Why is this area so special?
greatest glacial mass in the world
oldest known glacier
fastest moving glacier
The ice is moving back from the sea very rapidly in the fastest recorded retreat.

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How do you get into the park?
by road
by air
Since it is not accessible by car, you need to fly in.
by boat

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Why is this park considered one of the "crown jewels" of the national park system?
variety of giant marine mammals
magnificent glaciers
diverse natural habitats
Its diverse natural habitats, ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges through deep fjords to freshwater lakes, earned it this title.

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How many tidewater glaciers are there?
16
There are 16 huge tidewater glaciers.
18
20

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What is the largest marine mammal in the waters of the park?
humpback whale
The humpback whale is the said to be the largest visitor to the waters of the park.
porpoises
The humpback whale is the said to be the largest visitor to the waters of the park.
minke whales

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How many species of birds are found in the park?
350
300
200
There are about 200 species.

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What kind of fish frequent the area?
cod
salmon
You have halibut and salmon.
trout

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What is the main diet of the humpback whales?
krill
They feed mainly on tiny krill.
algae
sea urchins

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Why do the harbor seals give birth to their pups on the icebergs?
Te icebergs are more stable than the banks of the bay.
They prefer the isolation from other seals.
They offer shelter from wolves and bears.
They provide shelter from marauding wolves and bears.

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How tall is Mount Fairweather?
13,400 feet
15,300 feet
It rises to a height of 15,300 feet (4,663 meters).
17,500 feet

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How did Mount Fairweather get its name?
It was named for the only kind of weather in which you can see the peak.
Quite simply, it was named for the only kind of weather in which the peak can be seen.
It was named for explorer who discovered the area.
It is from the Eskimo term for a tall mountain.

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Where can you photograph a magnificent view of land meeting sea at dawn?
the West Arm
Blue Mouse Cove
George Island
George Island is an ideal spot for land and sea pictures.

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What can happen after the retreat of a glacier?
Where there is ice you could have grass.
In today's areas of ice you could have grass next year.
New lakes are formed.
Iceberg are created.

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How were the glaciers formed?
Earthquakes split the walls of ice that began to slide downwards.
Icebergs fused together to form glaciers.
More snow fell than melted.
They were formed when more snow fell during the winter than melted in the summer.

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What do you have in the southern end of the bay from where the glaciers first departed?
series of small islands
rain forest of spruce and hemlock
You now have a lush rain forest of spruce and hemlock.
inlets or small bays in the bay

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What is the name given by the Tlingit Indians to the sound of the huge chunks of ice breaking away from the moving glacier?
white thunder
The very descriptive name they gave was "white thunder."
anger of the gods
wrath of the frozen spirits

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You Got:
/20
iStockphoto.com/Ruth Peterkin

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