The Ultimate Guadalupe Mountains National Park Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Guadalupe Mountains National Park Quiz
Image: iStockphoto.com/Michael Thompson

About This Quiz

The Guadalupe Mountains National Park in Texas encompasses a wide variety of terrain, from harsh desert to lush green forests. Take this quiz to learn more about these magnificent sights.
Where is the park located?
43 miles from the New Mexico border
85 miles east of El Paso
It's in western Texas, about 85 miles (137 kilometers) east of El Paso.
124 miles from the Arizona border

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When was the park established?
1966
It was established in 1966.
1956
1946

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How big is the park?
81,423 acres
67,844 acres
86,416 acres
It covers 86,416 acres.

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How high is the highest peak of Guadalupe?
8,749 feet
The Guadalupe Peak is 8,749 feet (2,667 meters) high.
9,749 feet
10,749 feet

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What desert extends across the park?
Llano Estacado
Trans-Pecos
Chihuahuan Desert
The Chihuahuan Desert stretches across west Texas into Mexico.

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What is the well-known landmark for travelers crossing the desert?
McKittrick Canyon
El Capitan
A monolithic rock called El Capitan (the chief) is visible for 50 miles.
The Bowl

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How long are the trails of the park?
80 miles
There are 80 miles of trails.
90 miles
100 miles

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Who was the celebrated photographer who immortalized El Capitan?
Cornel Capa
Eliot Porter
Ansel Adams
Ansel Adams photographed El Capitan in 1947.

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What else is the park known for?
deciduous pine forests
mountain and desert bird life
It is well known for its mountain and desert bird life.
geological history

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Where would you go to enjoy a coniferous forest?
Guadalupe Peak
McKittrick Canyon
the Bowl
The high plateau called the Bowl is covered by a coniferous forest.

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How long is the trail up to Guadalupe Peak?
8.4 mile
It is a strenuous 8.4-mile (13.5-kilometer) hike.
7.3 mile
6.2 mile

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What is the best time to visit McKittrick Canyon?
August and September
October and November
In October and November the plants assume fall colors.
December and January

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How long is McKittrick Canyon?
five miles
It is five miles long and thousands of feet deep.
seven miles
nine miles

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What is one of the worlds biggest coral reefs?
Capitan Reef
McKittrick Canyon
Guadalupe Mountains
The Guadalupe Mountains are a coral reef formed millions of years ago when the area was underwater.

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How tall is El Capitan?
7,085 feet
8,085 feet
It is the second highest mountain in Texas at 8,085 feet.
9,085 feet

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Millions of years ago when the area was underwater, how big was the sea?
10,000 square miles
It was estimated at about 10,000 square miles in size.
8,000 square miles
6,000 square miles

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When was the area first inhabited?
8,000 years ago
10,000 years ago
12,000 years ago
Archeological findings indicate humans lived here 12,000 years ago.

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Who visited the area in 1550?
French Trappers
Spanish explorers
Spanish explorers visited around 1550.
Mescalero Apaches

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What drew people to the area in the 19th century?
herds of deer and buffalo
fertile soil in the valleys
legends about silver and gold
Apache and Spanish legends about silver and gold hidden in the mountains attracted prospectors.

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Where did the Mescalero Apaches make their last stand?
The Bowl
El Capitan
Guadalupe Mountains
They made their last stand in the Guadalupe Mountains, but by 1890 they had almost all been killed or forced onto a reservation.

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You Got:
/20
iStockphoto.com/Michael Thompson

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