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About This Quiz
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (or USSR), is also known as the Soviet Union. The socialist mega-state swept Eurasia during most of the 20th century and had a huge effect on the world as a whole. As a geopolitical power, the former Soviet Union struck fear into the hearts of the Western World for decades. This controversial one-party state is still a favorite topic of historians today. While it ultimately fell, this dark and fascinating state casts a long shadow that will not soon be forgotten by students of history.
While it was dominated by Russia, the Soviet Union spanned 11 time zones and stretched throughout much of the northern hemisphere, from Europe all the way to sharing a maritime border with the US state of Alaska. The Soviet Union was the largest country on earth by pure land area and one of the most populous. Known for its totalitarian rule and high death toll, this unique country is also largely credited with the defeat of Nazi Germany in the east and keeping the west on its toes during the Space Race.
If you are a true comrade, see how much you really know about the former USSR with this history quiz!
During which year did the USSR begin officially?
The USSR began officially on Dec. 30, 1922. It was formed by The Treaty on the Creation of the USSR. This legalized the unification of several Eurasian republics, including Russia.
During its reign, the Soviet Union was the ________ country on earth.
The USSR stretched from Eastern Europe and throughout Eurasia, sharing maritime borders with Japan and Alaska. It was the largest country on earth by land, spanning 11 time zones. It covered about a sixth of the world's land.
Revolutionary and political thinker Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin, was the first prime minister of the Soviet Union. He helped to create it in 1922, but only ran it for 2 years before his death in 1924.
The Holodomor was a man-made famine in several Soviet grain-growing regions in 1933. It killed 3-7 million people. In Ukraine, it is recognized as a genocide of Ukrainians carried out by the Soviet government.
The Great Purge was carried out by Lenin's government between 1936-1938 to eliminate political rivals and others who were considered a problem. It resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people.
The Eastern Front of World War II was largely fought by the Soviet Union: True or false?
While the UK, US, and various other countries collaborated on the Western Front to defeat the Nazis, the USSR largely handled them on the Eastern Front alone, with some help from smaller states. The Eastern Front of World War II is widely regarded to be the most cataclysmically violent theater of war in human history.
The Cold War pitted the Eastern Bloc against the Western Bloc. The principal enemies of this long conflict following WWII were America and the USSR, who engaged in proxy wars around the world over the course of years.
Khrushchev aimed to undo a lot of Stalin's mass imprisonment and censorship during a period of time known as the Khrushchev Thaw. This displeased the communist party's conservative wing so much that they overthrew Khrushchev in 1964.
European states overthrew their communist governments.
Throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, various Soviet satellite states in Eurasia overthrew their Soviet governments. These included states like Romania and East Germany. This era is also known as the Revolutions of 1989.
Nicholas II was the final Tsar of Russia. He abdicated in 1917 following the February Revolution, to be replaced with a Russian Provisional Government. This government was overthrown by Bolshevik Revolutionaries during the October Revolution of 1917.
Lenin believed that ultimately society would naturally become what?
Lenin was a devout Marxist. He believed that eventually society would evolve into a classless, stateless and completely equitable society where workers controlled their own destiny and took care of each others' needs first. He thought that socialism would help society make this transition.
Which of these was Russia the first to send into space?
All of the above
The Soviets made Yuri Gagarin the first human to ever be sent into space in 1961. Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to go to space in 1963. However, before both of these people they sent a dog named Laika to space.